Journal of
African Studies and Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Afr. Stud. Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2189
  • DOI: 10.5897/JASD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 206

JASD Articles

Media and democratic imperatives in Nigeria’s fourth republic

March 2017

The media over the years have been globally acknowledged as the watchdog of the society and their information/monitoring roles considered a sine qua non for democracy and good governance. The media, popularly referred to as the Fourth Estate of the Realm, have been identified as a key institution that plays a critical role in defining the political, economic and socio-cultural reality of given nations. The importance of...

Author(s): Abubakar Mohammed and Fadeyi, Taofiq James

Does decentralization have a role in poverty reduction? The Ethiopian experience

February 2017

This article reviews the actual impacts of decentralization on poverty reduction in Ethiopia after the inception of decentralization since 2000s. Secondary document analyses accompanied by interview with few government officials were employed. The objective of the article was to investigate the tangible impacts of decentralization on Ethiopian poverty reduction program. The goals of decentralization in Ethiopia are to...

Author(s): Alene Agegnehu and Worku Dibu

Killing Ebola: The militarization of US aid in Liberia

October 2016

In Liberia, the security-development nexus strongly emphasized the security side when Ebola became an international crisis with potential for global risk in 2014. In West Africa, 28,600 people had contracted Ebola and over 11,300 of them died. Liberia was the hardest hit with death from the disease, killing over 4,800 people. Similar to other interventions after 9/11, the US response to Ebola was intended to be a...

Author(s): Drew Alexander Calcagno

A survey of university students’ views on the nature and significance of nicknames to the Shona people of Zimbabwe

August 2016

Nicknames are an integral part of human experience in many cultures in the world over, and some scholars believe that they have a cultural significance to the relevant society. This study is a report of a survey of a purposively sampled group of fifty Great Zimbabwe University students’ views, gathered through a questionnaire, on nick-name usage among the Shona-speaking people of Zimbabwe. The group of respondents...

Author(s): Felix Petros Mapako

Drivers of north-south migration in the Wa West District: Economic returns or migrants’ sub-culture

August 2016

In Ghana, three regions (Upper West, Upper East and Northern) have the highest proportion of voluntary out-migrants but the percentage share of the population of these regions together has been less than 20.0% since 1970. This phenomenon is due to north-south migration which has been widely attributed to low socio-economic development and unfavourable physical characteristics in these regions. The study examines the...

Author(s): Elijah Yendaw, Francis Dakyaga, Augustine Tanle and Anthony Mwinilanaa Tampah-Naah

Foreign Aid Effectiveness and Development Strategies in Eritrea: A lesson for Sub-Saharan African countries

July 2016

This study analyses foreign aid effectiveness and development strategies in Eritrea. It attempts to draw a lesson for Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. The study seeks to answer the following question: “what are the conditions for foreign aid effectiveness in SSA countries”? The data for this study was collected in 2015 in six months period from February to August. In this study, both primary and...

Author(s): GebreMichael Kibreab Habtom

‘Moving, fishing and building’: A building-back-home culture of Ijo migrant fishermen in Nigeria

June 2016

This study investigates the building culture of migrant fishermen of the Ijo ethnic origin in Nigeria, who undertake prolonged sojourns in other communities as part of their livelihood. The study focuses on migrant fishermen and their socio-economic role as migrant workers. The aim of this study is to investigate if Ijo migrant fishermen operate a similar migrant labour ideology based on remittance theories as other...

Author(s): Warebi Gabriel Brisibe

A review of diversity management in Nigeria: Organizational and national perspective

May 2016

This study analyses Nigeria from a socio-cultural, economic and political construct, and evaluates the concept of diversity from an organisational and national perspective to help enhance the practice of diversity management in Nigeria perspective. It focuses on multinational corporations (MNCs) and hinges on a framework developed to illustrate, as well as prompt further discussions on social related structures in...

Author(s): Loliya Agbani Akobo

Entrepreneurship and its link to corruption: Assessment with the most recent world and country-group data

February 2016

Entrepreneurship is an important intangible asset of nations. The relatively recent progress in its measurement, mainly with the Global Entrepreneurship Development Index (GEDI), suggests that previous questions related to its determinants and mainly its relationship to corruption, namely the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) needs to be re-addressed. The objective of the present paper is to assess the links between...

Author(s): Ahmed Driouchi and AlaeGamar

Financial literacy for developing countries in Africa: A review of concept, significance and research opportunities

January 2016

The objective of this review article is to show the concepts and significance of financial literacy and how it can contribute to improving socio economic wellbeing, financial sector development, poverty reduction and sustainable growth in developing countries in Africa. The review covered recent literatures on financial literacy; both theoretical and empirical. The review showed that level of financial literacy is low...

Author(s): Matewos Kebede Refera, Navkiranjit Kaur Dhaliwal and Jasmindeep Kaur 

Fixed and mobile telephones in West African Economic Monetary Union countries: complementary or substitute services?

November 2015

The observation of the joint evolution of fixed and mobile phones penetration in West African Economic Monetary Union countries suggests that the demand of the two services does not develop at the same rate with increasing difference in favor of the mobile phone. This article is dedicated to relationship between fixed and mobile phone services. It tests empirically the existence of relations of complementarity and...

Author(s): Augustin Foster Chabossou

Reflections on the natural-resource development paradox in the Bakassi Area (Ndian Division) of Cameroon

September 2015

The Bakassi Area (Ndian Division) exhibits all aspects of the natural resource controversy. Blessed with a horde of natural resources which are supposed to serve as an engine of development, it would seem from an outside observation that this division is one of the most developed in Cameroon. Ironically, the presence of these natural resources has not, in any way been reflected in the much needed socio-economic take off...

Author(s): Jude Ndzifon KIMENGSI and Cornelius Mbifung LAMBI

Economic Studies in Togo show that Private investment has a ripple effect on both foreign direct investment and public investment

September 2015

In view of a macroeconomic context characterized by the revival of economic growth and the vision of having a better Togo in 2030, we have witnessed in recent years a major campaign to promote both domestic and foreign direct investment. Given the theoretical ambiguity of the relationship between these different types of investments, we offer in this paper an empirical validation of the interactions within the triptych...

Author(s): Kossi AYENAGBO

The impact of cross carpeting and multiplicity of political parties in Nigerian democratic process

August 2015

The return to democracy in 1999 has ushered unprecedented hope on democratic process in Nigeria and, thus, heralded another opportunity for the country to launch a new strategy towards democracy, after many years of lost opportunities under a prolonged period of authoritarian rule. Indeed, the emergence of multiparty system in Nigerian Fourth Republic can be seen as a major breakthrough in the democratic process. The...

Author(s): B. T.  Badejo and N. G. Obah-Akpowoghaha

Technology production: A challenge for economic growth and development in Africa

August 2015

Africa has recently become the world second fastest growing region, but still, poverty has not improved accordingly. The paper makes the case that in order to further boost economic growth and promote development, African economies need to go beyond imitation and technology transfer and start producing technology. Some of the arguments are: innovation generates stronger growth gains than imitation and copying; stronger...

Author(s): Abdoulaye Seck

Audiovisual translation as a tool for teaching English Language to French-speaking students in Cameroon

August 2015

The process by which people acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate is known as language learning. The present study aimed at assessing whether intralingual subtitling can be used to effectively improve on the learning of English language by French speaking Cameroonian students in the country. It involved exposing French speaking students...

Author(s): Ntowa Tchuingoua Rachelle Nely and Ayonghe Lum Suzanne

Analysis of the Algerian experience of agricultural and rural development

July 2015

This paper tries to reconstitute, according to a historic approach, the diverse phases by which the Algerian experience of agricultural and rural development passed to highlight the maladjustment of these policies because they all ignored the farmer as target of this policy. When these policies marginalize the countrymen in the institution of authoritarian regime, which is imperative model of development, the latter...

Author(s): Benabdellah BENDJEFFAL and Kheloufi BENABDELI

Reflections on Islamic marriage as panacea to the problems of HIV and AIDS

July 2015

Heterosexual intercourse is epidemiologically the leading factor in the spread of HIV/AIDS. Although the heterogeneous Muslims condemn condom use as leading to zina, the Muslim majority regions of North Africa and the Middle East have the lowest HIV prevalence in the world. Through the desk-top approach the paper evaluated Islamic marriage as a possible panacea to the problems of HIV/AIDS. The correlation between...

Author(s): Dube Edmore

Sino-Africa economic and Chinese foreign direct investment in Africa on bilateral trade relations

July 2015

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of Sino-Africa economic and Chinese FDI on Africa trade relations. China’s phenomenal economic growth rate has made the country rise to world leadership status, causing many analysts to ponder over its regional and international intentions and goals. Its investment is paying off now mainly in oil and other raw materials imports and manufactured goods. We used...

Author(s): Kossi AYENAGBO

African growth, non-linearities and strong dependence: An empirical study

June 2015

The aim of this paper is to examine the behaviour of GDP growth in various African countries allowing for possible non-linearities that are particularly relevant in their case since they have been affected by various conflicts. Specifically, first we carry out standard unit root tests and then follow an approach that combines fractional integration and non-linearities (modelled using Chebyshev polynomials) in a single...

Author(s): Borja Balparda, Guglielmo Maria Caporale and Luis A. Gil-Alana

The (Un)identical twins: Public administration and public management toward improving education and training for effective governance in Ghana

June 2015

There are some disagreements between academics and practitioners on how to improve the performance of government officials in Ghana. While academics advocate for reforms in governance through education and training, practitioners may have differing interests and expectations. Such impasse has contributed to the lack of a unified framework of concepts in nation building. Core concepts for training public managers for...

Author(s): Kwame Badu Antwi-Boasiako

Science and technology capacity in Africa: A new index

June 2015

In 2001, the RAND Corporation´s Science and Technology Policy Institute created an Index of Science and Technology Capacity for the World Bank, which ranked 150 countries on their potential to innovate and collaborate with more scientifically advanced nations. At that time, the African nation that ranked highest on the list was Mauritius, at number 59, and of the bottom 20 countries, 14 were African. In the...

Author(s): Gayle Allard

Pedagogic possibilities of ICTs and technology affordances in an increasingly networked environment in support of sustainable development

May 2015

The research project seeks new opportunities/ directions of learning and teaching in an increasingly networked world, and how they can benefit people in developing countries in support of sustainable development. The research agenda is aimed at studying how interconnected information and communication technologies (ICTs) can expand the reach of educational opportunities and improve learning outcomes as technology...

Author(s): Gabriel Kabanda

Communicating co-operation or individualism? The paradox of the Shona Proverb

May 2015

This research is an examination of whether there are contradictions in the cultural worldview of the Shona people as the proverbs they use seem to promote co-operation but at the same time they are those that apparently encourage individualism. It stems from the realisation that the Shona, just like other African cultural groups, adopt a communal approach to life shunning individualism. Since proverbs are an integral...

Author(s): Rugare Mareva and Wellington Wasosa

Rethinking the water dimension of large scale land acquisitions in sub-Saharan Africa

April 2015

There is a new phenomenon in developing countries where land previously used by communities is being taken over by foreign investors (mostly from Europe, America, China, Gulf States, and other non-western countries) and governments for agriculture, mining and other economic projects. Findings from several studies have so far pointed to the controversial impact of large scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) on affected...

Author(s): Lotsmart N. Fonjong and Violet Y. Fokum

The contribution of savings and credit cooperative societies to income poverty reduction: A case study of Mbozi District, Tanzania

April 2015

This paper explores the contribution of Savings and credit cooperative societies (SACCOS) in reduction of rural households’ income poverty. Specifically, the paper looks at; activities undertaken by SACCOS that can lead to reduction of income poverty; comparing income levels between SACCO’s members and non-members; determining the impact of SACCOS to household’s income poverty reduction, and ...

Author(s): Melania D. Kwai and Justin K. Urassa

Real wages and labour productivity in Tanzania: How do they link?

March 2015

Using data from national level surveys, the present paper undertakes an empirical analysis of the linkage between labour productivity and real wages in Tanzania. After making tabular presentations of growth in labour productivity and real wages by industry and sector (public and private), regression analysis is undertaken to examine the factors that influence incomes. Granger causality test is applied to examine the...

Author(s): Rizwanul Islam, Abel Kinyondo and Joseph Nganga

Reasons for low birth registration in Sudan

March 2015

The birth registration environment in Sudan is mature but confused. This study was undertaken on the birth registration practices in Sudan with a view to ascertaining the causes and effects of low birth registration. The registration of births is not improved with time, there is no progressive procedure in the registration application and the registration system effect according to sex ratio, number of women in the...

Author(s): Ehab Ahmed Mohamed Frah

The persistence of western negative perceptions about Africa: Factoring in the role of Africans

March 2015

Africa has continued to be looked down upon by the Western powers. Negative perceptions and representations such as civil wars, hunger, corruption, greed, selfishness, diseases, poverty, and the like have been the defining characters of Africa and the Africans in the minds of many Western people. While the mainstream media has been blamed for much of Africa’s negative perceptions, little has been done to establish...

Author(s): Japhace Poncian

The relativity of heterosexual norms and gender power on young people’s sexuality in Africa

February 2015

Within sociological discourse, young people’s sexual practices have become an area of particular interest as sociologists attempt to contextualise sexuality as multifaceted social experiences rather than as psychological or psychoanalytic processes. This study introduces a conceptual framework for investigating young people’s sexuality and sexual practices in African context. It was achieved through a...

Author(s): Ekundayo B. Babatunde and Modupe Ake

Education criminality, graduates employability and the Maicibi’s formula: Friends or foes?

February 2015

A goat, a hyena and grass are dangerous bedfellows and thus cannot be friends. This analogy is similar to when one asks whether criminality in the education sector can enable or disable graduates to earn the necessary skills needed by employers; and further if Maicibi’s formula can be a moderating variable in this relationship. Studies in Europe (most likely with similar results in Africa) have indicated that...

Author(s): Maicibi Nok Alhas

Access of urban farmers to land, water and inputs for urban agriculture in Dodoma municipality, Tanzania

January 2015

This paper examines the access of urban farmers to land, water and inputs for urban agriculture (UA) towards household food security, employment creation and income generation in Dodoma municipality. A cross-sectional survey was employed involving 300 urban farmers from both squatter and non-squatter settlements. Structured questionnaires, focus group discussions, key informants, observations and documentary review were...

Author(s): Baltazar M.L. Namwata, Idris S. Kikula and Peter A. Kopoka

Income distribution in rural Egypt—A three-village case

January 2015

Using household survey data, this paper examines the case of three villages in rural Egypt to shed light on the determinants of income distribution. We first employ decomposition techniques to identify the contribution of farm and non-farm income to overall household inequality. We then use regression analysis to identify the role of different factors in determining the level of farm and non-farm income. Based on the...

Author(s): Erina Iwasaki

Resolving Nigeria’s dependency on oil – The derivation model

January 2015

Since the discovery of oil in commercial quantity in Nigeria in 1956 and the oil boom of 1970s, oil has dominated the economy of the country. Oil accounts for more than 90 percent of the country’s exports, 25 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and 80 percent of government total revenues.  As a result, the economy of the country has been substantially unstable, a consequence of the heavy dependence...

Author(s): Agbaeze, E. K, Udeh, S. N and I. O. Onwuka

A progressive analysis on role of women in the socio-economic development in Sierra Leone

December 2014

This study highlights the gender gap in contemporary Sierra Leone society, and discusses the constraints and underlying attitudes which determine women’s disadvantaged position. As new resources, opportunities and structures are introduced in the course of development in Sierra Leone, gender differentials are becoming apparent. Women form a minority in the new wage labor sector, but majority of the petty traders....

Author(s): Alphaeus T. KOROMA    

An appraisal of the procedures for direct grant and conversion of statutory right of occupancy in Kaduna, Nigeria

December 2014

Land has remained an indispensable companion to man providing a base for his activities; thus, a basic necessity in life in which all activities has a link with. In most parts of Nigeria, Kaduna inclusive, land acquisition is a sensitive issue and is beset with a lot of problems. Thus, the introduction of the Land Use Decree 1978 which was an attempt by the Federal Government of Nigeria to solve these problems. But till...

Author(s): A. A Yakub

Poverty and livelihood of coastal communities in Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar

November 2014

This article discusses levels and forms of poverty among coastal communities in Tanzania. The objective of study from which this article is grounded was to explore and describe the impacts of global market on the livelihood of coastal communities along the Indian Ocean. A combination of sociological and economic paradigms of poverty analysis was adopted. The poverty analysis focused on three poverty indices namely, head...

Author(s): Huruma Luhuvilo Sigalla

Challenges confronting African students in Malaysia: A case of postgraduate Nigerian students at International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) Kuala Lampur

November 2014

Students leaving their home countries to study abroad is a global phenomenon. African students are not exception to this global practice. Many African students do migrate to Western countries to seek for higher education, a tradition that originated during the colonial rule in most parts of Africa. The colonial government did not promote development of higher education in many parts of the continent. Africa with its...

Author(s): Abdullahi Umar, Noor Azlan M Noon and Musa Abdullahi

Access and attrition of female students in secondary schools in Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria

October 2014

The study investigated access of female students to secondary education and the completion rate of those that were enrolled in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). It also determined the factors responsible for the attrition of female students with a view to promoting the education of the girl child in the FCT. Twenty two public secondary schools were randomly selected from three area councils of the FCT. Documentary...

Author(s): Olubunmi A. Omoniyi and Kunle O. Oloruntegbe

The impact of Plan Ghana’s microfinance scheme on poverty reduction among women in Lower Manya Krobo

October 2014

The main purpose of the study was to assess the impact of Plan Ghana’s Microfinance Scheme on the livelihoods of female beneficiaries in the Lower Manya Krobo Municipality of the Eastern Region of Ghana. A descriptive survey design was adopted and 180 sample size was used. The study showed that the scheme had improved beneficiaries’ lives tremendously in areas of health, child education, personal...

Author(s): John-Engelbert Seddoh

Nigeria and the crisis of cultural identity in the era of globalization

October 2014

This paper examines the crisis in the Nigerian cultural environment as a result of globalization. Globalization, referred to as the inter-dependence of countries, peoples, races and institutions in politics, economics, arts, science and technology, is equally responsible for inter-cultural exchanges and the coming together of people of diverse persuasions. In place of previous prejudices, biases and misunderstandings,...

Author(s): Dons Eze

Integration policies as structures of disintegration: the political economy of nationhood and resource control in Nigeria.

October 2014

In its exploration of the sub-theme, ‘Nigerian nation, Resource Control and National Integration’, this paper attempts to explain the fundamental reason why all the previous efforts towards national integration failed. The paper observes that the prevailing Nigerian nation is an organizational framework established for purposes of economic exploitation and domination of multi - ethnic nationalities by...

Author(s): Chukwuemeka Eze Malachy and Fidelia O. Nwobi

The practice of Almajiri: Prospect and socio-medical challenges in Northern part of Nigeria

September 2014

The main purpose of the study is to identify the practice of Almajiri: prospect and socio-medical challenges in Sabon Gari Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria. A descriptive survey method was adopted using a cluster and sampling method. Questionnaire was used to collect the data, from three hundred male Almajiri. The study revealed that most of the respondents were between the ages of 8-14 years while very few...

Author(s): Zakir, A., Abubakar, U., Lawal, U. S., Imrana, H., Habibu, I. T., Hassan, I. H. and Harande, M. M.

Partial institutionalization and its relationship to Kenya’s poor economic development since independence: The case of the agricultural sector

August 2014

  This review paper presents the concept of partial institutionalization as the process prevents countries that ought to have achieved higher levels of socio-economic development from realizing their potential. The author has reconceptualised de-industrialization away from the mainstream understanding of this notion, that is, the movement away from manufacturing to service industry in the developed countries...

Author(s): Luke O.

Knowledge in praxis and socio-economic development: Explaining the African situation

August 2014

  One of the most fundamental questions bedeviling the African continent is the problem of underdevelopment which manifests in the forms of fears and despairs Africans face daily as they try to make sense of their existence in a world that has become a global village. Such a situation affects the level of confidence Africans have in terms of the relative opportunity to realize their potentials within the...

Author(s): Nkemnole Stanley Mmaduabuchi

EU, China, Africa towards a trilateral cooperation: Prospects and challenges for Africa’s development

June 2014

The trilateral Africa-China-EU cooperation represents a unique opportunity for Africa’s development without ignoring the interests of each of the parties including the European Union (EU) and China. This paper aims at advancing the debate around trilateral development cooperation between the European Union (EU), China and Africa. The trilateral approach includes common interests for all parties and it can be an...

Author(s): Vasiliki Papatheologou

A Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Migration of Highly-Skilled Professionals from Health Institutions in Nigeria

June 2014

Emigration and immigration/returning (simply put as migration) of highly-skilled professionals are of increasing concern in developing countries of the world. Emigration of core health professionals from Nigeria have been claimed to be increasing towards the developed North, while immigration/returning of health professionals into the country was believed to be increasing as well, over time. Ironically, virtually no...

Author(s): Abejide, L. E. O.

Assessment of the effects of changing land use from pastoralism to crop farming on Lake Nakivale wetland system in Isingiro District, Uganda

May 2014

The paper assessed the effects of changing the land use from transhumant pastoralism to crop farming on Lake Nakivale Wetland system. Semi-structured questionnaire was administered directly to 315 respondents from randomly selected households in three parishes bordering Lake Nakivale Wetland. In order to trace trends in land use practices overtime and understand the associated environmental problems, analysis of...

Author(s): Adonia Kamukasa and Kakurungu Bintoora

Perceptions of development by residents of a rural community in Kenya: A capability issue

May 2014

Despite the acknowledgment that participatory approaches in development have potential in understanding and designing development programmes and policies, perceptions of development continue to be dominated by outsiders including professionals and other development agents, most of whom do not experience the conditions. Using qualitative data collected from residents of Makueni County of Eastern Kenya, this paper...

Author(s): Hildah Essendi, Nyovani Madise and Zoe Matthews

Dynamic relationship between tourism, trade, infrastructure and economic growth: Empirical evidence From Malaysia.

April 2014

This paper aims to investigate a positive inter-relationship between tourism, trade, infrastructure and economic growth. Through number of literature examine bilateral relationship between the variables; the literature has certified that tourism is the one of the key factor in trade and economic growth as well as trade is the key factors of tourism and economic growth. Furthermore, the literature found that...

Author(s): Najat Nassor Suleiman and  Masoud Mohamed Albiman

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