Journal of
African Studies and Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Afr. Stud. Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2189
  • DOI: 10.5897/JASD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 206

JASD Articles

Impact of poverty on housing condition in Nigeria: A case study of Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos State

April 2012

  The poor in most developing countries are found among four identifiable economic groups, the rural landless, the small farmers, the urban underemployed and the unemployed. Generally, the poor are dis-proportionately located in rural areas and slums in urban areas. The urban poor in Sub-Saharan Africa especially the West Africa region experience difficult time. This research work examined the impact of poverty...

Author(s): Ola Aluko

A qualitative study of Chieftaincy and Local Government in Ghana

April 2012

  It is widely argued that chiefs do not play any meaningful role in local government in Ghana as they used to; since there is an existing structure which is responsible for local governance in Ghana. In recent times, this debate has been raging on ferociously to the extent that people want the chieftaincy institution to be abolished. This qualitative study uses the institutional framework to assess the role of...

Author(s): Kwame Asamoah

Is participatory forest management (PFM) an asset or liability to local community households adjacent to Arabuko Sokoke Forest, Kenya?

April 2012

  The study examined the impact of participatory forest management (PFM) on the wealth of households living adjacent to Arabuko–Sokoke Forest (ASF). The study question was “is PFM an asset or liability to local communities living adjacent to ASF”. The study hypothesized that PFM areas have higher household wealth than non-PFM zones. Between 2008 and 2009, questionnaires were used to collect...

Author(s): Matiku Paul, Mireri Caleb and Ogol Callistus

Gender income inequality and development in Africa: Analysis based on Kuznets’ inverted U curve

March 2012

  Africa is a continent which faces important inequalities between men and women. In this connection, this article aims to analyze the evolution process of gender income inequality, in the light of Kuznets’ theory of the inverted U curve. The analysis is undertaken from a panel data with the estimation of a reduced model first and then an extended model afterwards. The results suggest that income...

Author(s): Mathias Marie Adrien Ndinga

Effects of agricultural reforms on the agricultural sector in Nigeria

March 2012

  The various economic reform strategies undertaken by governments over a period of about three decades on the agricultural sector in Nigeria were the exploitative strategy, agricultural project strategy, direct production strategy and integrated rural development strategy. Overall, these economic reform strategies were geared toward the achievement of food self-sufficiency and food security, generation of...

Author(s): Daniel S. Ugwu, and Ihechituru O. Kanu

Impact of fiscal policies aimed at increasing aggregate investments on employment and household incomes in Senegal

March 2012

  This study explores the impact of budgetary policies, aimed at an increase in aggregate investments in Senegal on employment and household incomes. The analysis is based on a computable general equilibrium framework, which allows us to capture the multi-faceted microeconomic implications of the chosen macroeconomic policies and uses very interesting recent macro and micro-level data sources. Our results...

Author(s): Latif Dramani and Ralitza Dimova

Spatial planning, legislation and the historical and contemporary challenges in Zimbabwe: A conjectural approach

February 2012

  This paper seeks to unravel the spatial planning system in Zimbabwe in cognisance of its potential role to addressing some of the skewed phenomena of planning in the country. Some of the contemporary planning challenges are rooted in the colonial footprints, emanating from the Rhodesian segregationist policies and repressive legislation that have continued to exist into the ‘free Zimbabwean’ era...

Author(s): Innocent Chirisa and Smart Dumba

African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) regional trade: Challenges and prospects

February 2012

  The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) is a US trade act that has significantly enhances US trade with about 39 Sub-Saharan (SSA) countries. However, despite the opportunities in the trade program ECOWAS countries have not benefitted much from the available opportunities in the program. The mission of this paper is to look at why ECOWAS countries have not been able to capture the opportunities of AGOA...

Author(s): Edun Adetunji Oluwafemi, Khikmatullo Kudratov, Bah Abdoulaye Oury, Oji-Okoro Izuchukwu and Abba Abubakar Shehu

The global political agreement (GPA) and the persistent political conflict arising there from: Is this another manifestation of the council of Jerusalem?

November 2011

  The global political agreement (GPA) and the council of Jerusalem (CJ) manifested in different times and geographical locations. The GPA is purely a political agreement signed by three political parties namely the movement for democratic change-Tsvangirai (MDC-T) led by Morgan Tsvangirai, the movement for democratic change-Mutambara (MDC-M) led by Arthur Mutambara and the Zimbabwe African National Union...

Author(s): Liveson Tatira and Tobias Marevesa

Patterns of marital instability among married couples in Lagos, Nigeria

November 2011

This study investigates the patterns of marriage instability in modern African society, especially Lagos metropolis, and the implications on marriage counselling. Two hundred and fifty married men and women were selected in Lagos metropolis, using purposive and convenience sampling technique. Among the participants were: one hundred and eleven married men (44.4%) and one hundred and thirty nine married women (55.6%)...

Author(s): R. A. Animasahun and E. A. Femi Fatile

A Don Quizote fighting windmills: A study of teachers’ imagined stress in the teaching profession

September 2011

  The present study investigated the prevalence of teacher occupational stress among primary school teachers in Matebeleland North Region. A survey method was used to collect data for the study. A sample of 10 schools was randomly selected from primary schools in the Region. A total of 120 teachers drawn from the 10 schools participated in the study. A survey questionnaire (the adapted version of Kyriacou and...

Author(s): Denhere Chris

Intelligence operations as terrorism: Emerging state terrorism in Botswana

September 2011

Botswana is considered one of Africa’s credible democracies. Its economic performance and good governance over the years distinguished its statehood from its African counterparts. The stable political landscape backdating to independence also made it a regional security exception. However, the security landscape has changed over the last three years. Using a historical procedure, the article illustrates how the...

Author(s): Tshepo T. Gwatiwa

The attitudes, knowledge and skills of district literacy coordinators in three regions of Zimbabwe

August 2011

  This study was conducted to investigate the attitudes, knowledge and skills of District Literacy Coordinators (DLCs) in Mashonaland East, Mashonaland Central and Manicaland Provinces of Zimbabwe, with a view to determining their training needs. A descriptive survey design using data collection instruments involving face-to-face interviews and questionnaires was adopted. Thirty conveniently sampled DLCs...

Author(s): Simeon Chandirekera Marango and Gamuchirai Tsitsi Ndamba

Impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on millennium development goals (MDGs): Context for diffusion and adoption of ICT innovations in East and Southern Africa

August 2011

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) impact all the millennium development goals (MDGs), especially in eradicating extreme poverty and hunger. The correlation between ICTs and high economic growth has not been well researched in most African countries. The specific objectives of the research are: to assess the impact of ICTs on MDGs, to ascertain the ICT impact on economic growth, and...

Author(s): Gabriel Kabanda

Using computer in science class: The interactive effect of gender

July 2011

  The advantage of “computer-assisted instruction” is weakened by factors such as gender stereotyping. Therefore, this study was an attempt to investigate the effect of gender on the use of computer in science class and its effect on the students’ academic performance. It was a quasi-experimental design that used pre-test, treatment-control, and post-test. Using computers, the experimental...

Author(s): Keziah, A. Achuonye

Integrating early childhood development (ECD) into mainstream primary school education in Zimbabwe: Implications to water, sanitation and hygiene delivery

July 2011

  The study sought to investigate implementation of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) deliverables by rural primary schools in Bikita District. Four school heads and eight early childhood development (ECD) teachers from four schools were interviewed. An observation checklist was used to assess the adequacy and age-appropriateness of WASH facilities. The research analyzed the capacity of WASH policies to...

Author(s): Gunhu M. Rwatirera, Mugweni M. Rose and Dhlomo Thelma

To what extent are regional trade arrangements in Africa fulfilling the conditions for successful RTAs?

June 2011

  Almost all African countries have embraced RTAs since attaining independence in 1950s and 1960s as means of enhancing policy credibility and accelerating trade to overcome the economic disadvantages of fragmentation of many small-nation economies on the continent. Today, there is no country in Africa that is not a member of at least one regional economic group. As reflected in the 13 RTAs operating in Africa,...

Author(s): Babatunde Omilola

What happened to post-imperial development in Africa during the last fifty years? Re-thinking the post-colonial turn in creative art, social ‘writings’ and films

June 2011

  This paper argues that post-colonial theory in its classical usage is limited. However, when its premises are employed as a point of understanding, they can be very useful for comprehending the situation of contemporary developments in Africa. From this light, it contends that, after the fiftieth anniversary of Africa’s independence, the continent’s development could not really take off the ground...

Author(s): Alfred Ndi

Religion as a tool in strengthening the democratic process in Ghana

June 2011

  Recent elections in Ghana bear witness to the extraordinary power of religion to affect social and political change. This paper illustrates a few varieties of this power through case studies which examine the role of religious leaders in promoting peaceful elections, the way inter-faith dialogue enhances civic duties and fosters peace by bolstering values of justice, forgiveness and cooperation, and the...

Author(s): Michael Perry Kweku Okyerefo, Daniel Yaw Fiaveh and Kofi Takyi Asante

Hopes and hiccups expressed: Barriers to university female lecturers’ promotion

May 2011

  The study explored barriers to promotion for university female lecturers to leadership positions. In Zimbabwe, women have gained legal rights through government pronounced policies such as the Gender policy and Affirmative Action policy (Government of Zimbabwe, 2004; Chabaya et al., 2009). The theoretical framework used is critical feminism which deals with issues that marginalize women from leadership roles...

Author(s): Rose M. Mugweni, Tafara Mufanechiya and Thelma Dhlomo

Motivating Zimbabwean secondary school students to learn: A challenge

May 2011

  Motivating Zimbabwean secondary school students to learn has been a daunting task for both parents and teachers. The economic and social situation obtaining in Zimbabwe has not encouraged secondary school students to take education seriously and prepare themselves for service and contribution to nation building and self- development. Thus the study sought to understand factors that militate against student...

Author(s): Tafara Mufanechiya and Albert Mufanechiya

“India and China’s growing economic involvement in sub-Saharan Africa”

April 2011

  India and China have dramatically increased their economic and commercial ties with sub-Saharan Africa during the past decade and a half, centered on mineral exploitation, although this is slowly changing. Many of the natural resource-rich states in sub-Saharan Africa suffer from the resource curse – the failure of resource-abundant countries to benefit from their natural endowments. China and...

Author(s): Donald L. Sparks

Art and societal dialectics in sub-Saharan Africa: A critique of Wa Thiong’o and Osofisan as dramatists

April 2011

  Art, indeed, remains an effective means of representing reality. It has undoubtedly become instrumental in understanding and interpreting aspects of society – its inherent dialectics – its realities. Drama, therefore, as the most social of art forms invariably predisposes the dramatist/artist as invaluable in the solemn task of mirroring these realities. This paper surveys the socio-political...

Author(s): Samuel Okoronkwo Chukwu-Okoronkwo

Impact of land tenure change on subsistence agriculture: Implication on farm productivity of the farming system in Bukoba district, Tanzania

March 2011

  Discussions on land tenure change in Africa often lack an appreciation of farming systems and their structure. This disconnection is remarkable because tenure change is often seen as means to enhance the productivity of African agriculture. In this article, we examine the structure of the agro-ecological system and its productivity in relation to land tenure arrangements in the banana-based farming system in...

Author(s): Amos Mwijage, Jens Andersson, Nico de Ridder, Frederick Baijukya, Cesare Pacini and Ken Giller

Can capitalist ‘core’ survive the history driving development in the African ‘periphery’? Re-evaluating Immanuel Wallerstein’s world systems analysis

February 2011

  This paper in interdisciplinary studies investigated the discursive effects of African development in the face of western capitalism and its hegemonic altruism [1] with close reference to insights from selected African creative art and social ‘writings’. It found out that I.Wallerstein’s world systems and its analysis are limited in spatial scope and explanatory power because of...

Author(s): Alfred Ndi

Prostitution in selected colonial and post - colonial Shona novels

February 2011

  This paper comparatively analyses the portrayal of prostitution in Garandichauya (1964), Pafunge (1972), Mapenzi (1999) and Ndozviudza Aniko? (2006). It mainly focuses on the causes of prostitution as well as the images given to the prostitutes. The first two novels are set in colonial Zimbabwe whilst the other two in the post-colonial era. In Garandichauya, the author fails to put prostitution in its proper...

Author(s): Wellington Wasosa

In search of aid-free Africa: An eye on Tandon’s exit strategy

February 2011

  Life during pre-colonial Africa was determined by nature, during the colonial times it was miserable and in post-colonial Africa it has remained horrible in many African countries. The source of this state of the art remains controversial thus leaving contending views such as civilization, exploitation and absence of democracy to dominate the center stage of the development discourse. The same ambivalence is...

Author(s): Edwin Babeiya

ECD policies in South Africa – What about children with disabilities?

January 2011

  The importance of the young child in South African policy has been recognised through the inclusion of early childhood development (ECD) planning in documents relating to the National Departments of Health, Education and Social Development. However, despite the inclusion of the ECD sector in these three key departments there has been no indication of how policy will be implemented, nor how the young child...

Author(s): Claudine Storbeck and Selvarani Moodley

Views of parents on the inclusion of children with special needs in physical education in Masvingo, Zimbabwe

January 2011

  The aim of this study was to investigate the views of parents on the inclusion of children with special needs (CSN) in physical education at primary school level in Masvingo, Zimbabwe. A survey involving parents was conducted with the questionnaire used as a data collection instrument. The questionnaire was administered to 40 parents of both the children without disabilities and those whose children had...

Author(s): Jenet Mudekunye and Gamuchirai Tsitsi Ndamba

The force of charms in Elechi Amadi's “The concubine” and “The great ponds”

December 2010

        Most often when people speak of fetish, enchantment or spell in traditional African societies, they refer to the inexplicable side of religious beliefs inherited from forebears. There are two kinds of fetishes: negative and positive. The first is a preparation destined to harm the enemy, while the second is concocted in order to heighten the merit of someone or his destiny. The...

Author(s):   Labo Bouche Abdou        

The changing philosophy of African marriage: The relevance of the Shona customary marriage practice of Kukumbira

December 2010

        This paper is a philosophical examination of African forms of marriage, particularly the customary marriage practice of Kukumbira (asking for a bride/woman’s hand in marriage from her parents, but with her informed consent) and adopts the Shona ethnic group of Zimbabwe as a case study. It investigates the perception of the Shona people towards the practice of the customary...

Author(s): Munyaradzi Mawere and Annastacia Mbindi Mawere

Amnesty and human capital development agenda for the Niger Delta

November 2010

        The Niger Delta of Nigeria has become increasingly famous due to massive oil deposits and escalation of violence in the region. The emergence of deadly militant groups embodied oil pipeline vandalisation, hostage taking, massacre, and assassination. Unfortunately, the Nigerian government’s top-down measures for alleviating the spate of violence in the region have not yielded...

Author(s): Akeem Ayofe Akinwale

Community involvement in urban water and sanitation provision: The missing link in partnerships for improved service delivery in Ghana

November 2010

  This paper examined how partnerships with communities can complement government’s efforts at improving access to adequate water supply and improved sanitation in urban areas of Ghana, using a descriptive cross-sectional study of the experiences of four communities selected from three regions in the country. The paper concludes that an active involvement of the user community in the planning and...

Author(s): Issaka Kanton Osumanu

Public administration: Local government and decentralization in Ghana

October 2010

        Public administration as an art is defined in the Ghanaian context regarding decentralization and public officials’ accountability.  It examines decentralization, local elections and empowerment. While the paper advocates for regional and district level elections, it uses the literature to argue that local representatives are more accessible to their locals. It questions...

Author(s):         Kwame Badu Antwi-Boasiako        

May be more intricate than you think: Making rural toilet facilities possible using the demand responsive approach

October 2010

  This study determined whether and how the demand responsive approach (DRA) of the Volta Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project has changed access to toilet facilities in the Ho Municipality of Ghana. Community development theory and interpretivism drove the research. Focus group discussions, structured and semi-structured interview questions, and observation were used to collect the data. Findings show...

Author(s):         Frank S. Arku        

Revisiting the place of punishment in Zimbabwe’s primary and secondary school formal education system

October 2010

        The paper examines the issue of punishment in the process of education within the Zimbabwean context, especially as it applies to primary and secondary school formal education. It addresses the problem as to whether punishment as a tool of educating should be part of the process of education, which is by and large a worthwhile activity. In essence, it addresses the issue of whether...

Author(s): Munamato Chemhuru

‘Aluta continua’: A critical reflection on the chimurenga-within-Third Chimurenga among the Ndau people in Chipinge district, Southeastern Zimbabwe

October 2010

  The contemporary land reform programme, which is anchored in the framework of national struggles, and popularly known as the Third Chimurenga, is a contentious issue in Zimbabwe and has send shockwaves across the world. Many weird happenings have taken place in the history of the country on account of it and have only managed to put Zimbabwe on the international spotlight. This study argues that the history...

Author(s):   Richard S. Maposa, James Hlongwana and Daniel Gamira        

Why economic growth theories became a fiction of development in postcolonial Africa: Critiquing foreign aid policy as discourse

September 2010

This paper argued that, for the past fifty years, economic growth theories implemented as aid policy did not materialize into elevated GDPs, high per capita incomes and social progress for Africans as had been promised, but rather translated into underdevelopment through new discourses of dependency, power and ideology. Drawing insights from selected works of creative and film art, it maintains that the humanitarianism...

Author(s): Alfred Ndi

Power supply and environmental sustainabi-lity in the University of Uyo: An agenda for full-blown research in Nigeria

September 2010

  Power supply remains an important factor for socio-economic and technological development of every nation. Despite this reality, most countries especially from the developing world have not been able to solve the problem of power supply for the citizens. The seriousness of this problem vary from country to country. In Nigeria, power supply has become the most critical factor that has...

Author(s): Emmanuel M. Akpabio and Nseabasi S. Akpan

A gendered dress code and how it influences the choice of dress by women in Zimbabwe

September 2010

        The study examined how attitudes of middle-aged women towards a gendered dress code influence the choice of dress. The interpretive enquiry involved a case study.  In-depth face-to-face interviews and observations were the data collecting tools. Ten women aged between thirty and fifty were purposefully sampled from Southerton suburb of Harare, Zimbabwe. Qualitative data...

Author(s):       Lilian Manwa, Gamuchirai Tsitsi Ndamba and Lokadhia Manwa

Poverty and economic growth in Egypt, 1995 - 2000

September 2010

        In this paper we use the rich set of unit-level data from the most recent Egyptian household surveys (1995 – 1996 and 1999 – 2000) to assess changes in poverty and inequality between 1995 and 2000. The study analysis is based on the new methodology of constructing household-specific poverty lines that account for the differences in regional prices, as well as differences...

Author(s): Michael Lokshin, Heba El-laithy and Arup Banerji

Colonial effect or African cultural influence on corruption: A literary approach

August 2010

        Corruption, a serious bottleneck for developing countries, is gaining field worldwide. It has several names depending on the areas. Bribery is qualified as chin hanchi (bribes), gôro (cola nut), gaisuwa (greetings) or aza dutsi (to put a stone on…) among the Hausa people; bribes or gratification in French and dash in some West African English speaking countries such as...

Author(s): Labo Bouché Abdou

Institutional reforms and the development of Nigeria Prisons Service, 1999 - 2007

August 2010

        Nigeria as a country experienced over twenty nine years of military rule. Consequently, the Nigeria Prisons were nothing less than a concentration camp where democrats, civil rights activists and some social deviants suffered. The emergence of civilian rule in 1999 with promises both to restore human rights and the rule of law and to reform the justice system of which the prisons are...

Author(s):   Eze Malachy Chukwuemeka  

Poverty and growth in Cameroon during the post-devaluation period (1996-2001)

May 2010

        According to macroeconomic data, Cameroon recovered economic growth during the period between 1996 and 2001 following the devaluation of the CFA franc relative to the French franc which took place in January 1994. However, there is cause for concern across the country about the question as to whether the economic growth recorded in official statistics has trickled down to the various...

Author(s):   Samuel Fambon

Determining rural farmers’ income: A rural Nigeria experience

May 2010

        This paper describes the earning activities of farmers in Afon district, a rural area in Kwara State, Nigeria with a view to assess factors determining rural farmers’ income. 268 farmers were interviewed through questionnaire administration, and the results show that a large number of rural farmers depend on family labour, local inputs and personal instincts to earn productive...

Author(s): R. A. Olawepo

Population aging in Botswana: Trends and implications

April 2010

        In 2001, Botswana had 36.6% of the total population below 15 years while the 65+ population is only 5%. The proportion of the economically active age group stood at 58%. The median age of the population has increased from 15.7 years in 1971 to 20.1 in 2001. However, the tempo1 of aging is rather slow. Botswana is favourably placed in terms of the so-called ‘demographic...

Author(s): P. Sadasivan Nair

Governance and communal conflicts in a post-democratic Nigeria: A case of the oil-producing Niger Delta Region

April 2010

        The Niger Delta Region of Nigeria is the store of Nigeria’s crude oil, which accounts for a substantial part of Nigeria’s revenue and exports. Despite this, the people remain poor, marginalized and restive. Resort to conflicts is the only way of expressing grievances in oil-rich communities in the Region. The conflict situation has been alarming since the present...

Author(s): Nseabasi S. Akpan

Upscaling community-arranged preparedness for preventing maternal mortality in Ghana: A case study of Keta and Akatsi districts of the Volta Region

April 2010

        The main objective of the study is to assess maternal health in Ghana using empirical evidence from Akatsi and Keta districts of the Volta Region. Interviews were conducted from a sample size of 6,250 respondents within the reproductive age group of 15 - 49 years drawn from both districts in 2007. The results show that most of the women had only basic education and were generally...

Author(s): J. Chuks Mba and K. Irene Aboh

Peri-urban dynamics and regional planning in Africa: Implications for building healthy cities

March 2010

  Much as peri-urban zones in Africa are places of possible disaster outbreaks in terms of disease outbreaks and other social hazards due to their general lack of planning and institutional integration, they can act as cradles for building health cities. This is so for many practical reasons poised in the sustainable development framework – the prevalence of horticultural activities; their attractiveness...

Author(s):   Innocent Chirisa        

A review of environmental entrepreneurship as an agenda for rural development: The case for Ghana

March 2010

  The idea of “environmental entrepreneurship” exists in both the developed and the developing world, and the challenges and opportunities faced by this new industry are similar everywhere. This paper is designed to review and carefully synthesize some of the existing research about the characteristics of environmental entrepreneurs or green entrepreneurs that distinguishes them from regular...

Author(s):         Patrick Tandoh-Offin        

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