Journal of
African Studies and Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Afr. Stud. Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2189
  • DOI: 10.5897/JASD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 218

JASD Articles

The macroeconomic impact of monetization on the Nigerian economy

October 2012

  An important question is asked about the relationship between output and monetization of public servants wages and salaries structure: are variations in public servants wage and salaries plus monetization of fringe benefits transmitted to increase output, and do these variations in output constitute an important component of variations in monetization? Total recurrent expenditure is regressed on wages and...

Author(s): Abdulrasaki Saka

War legacy: A reflection on the effects of the Rhodesian Security Forces (RSF) in south eastern Zimbabwe during Zimbabwe’s war of liberation 1976 - 1980

October 2012

  As its central thesis, this paper discusses the effects of the Rhodesian Security Forces (RSF) operations during Zimbabwe’s liberation war on the Hlengwe/Shangaan (a minority group in the south eastern Zimbabwe) from 1976 to 1980. Their homeland was a deeply contested terrain (part of what was dubbed the Gaza province by ZANLA) between the RSF and the Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA)....

Author(s): Mediel Hove

The dilemma of adopting ethnic federal system in Africa in light of the perspectives from Ethiopian experience

September 2012

  This article aims to analyse the major challenges of adopting ethnic federal system in Africa with special focus on the context of Ethiopia’s ethnic federal system. It is argued that though the adoption of ethnic federal system in Ethiopia has created the opportunity for minority groups to exercise their cultural and linguistic rights, the ethnic federal experiment has faced enormous challenges. The...

Author(s): Semahagn Gashu Abebe

Curriculum governance and contestation in teacher education: The Zimbabwean experience

September 2012

  This study investigated factors which underlie controversies in the assessment of student teachers in teacher training colleges in Zimbabwe. A case study methodology was adopted. The results of the study indicate that student assessment activities in teacher education reflect ideological contests between external and internal assessors than professional judgments on students’ performance. Firstly, it...

Author(s): Jonathan L. Mswazi, Jeriphanos Makaye and Kudakwashe Mapetere

Tradition versus Modernity: A study on Emecheta’s The Bride Price

August 2012

  Buchi Emecheta’s (1976) in ‘The Bride Price’ shows the confrontation of tradition and modernity in African society, where the traditional tribes are looking for their own power and custom; but a young heroine- Aku-nna- decides to go beyond all those totalities and make a free play of the structure. She tends to create a new discourse that rejects the fundamental immobility of African...

Author(s): Ruzbeh Babaee and Siamak Babaee

Exogenous shocks and financial stability in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)

August 2012

  The search for financial stability remains a priority in every country today, mainly because of high costs incurred by financial crises and induced effects of financial stability on economic growth. The economies of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) countries are characterized by a strong dependence on the outside, especially with regard to the value of their currency, the CFA franc, and...

Author(s): Ibrahima Thiam

Ascending or descending the ladder? A View of Great Zimbabwe University students on higher education as a vehicle for vertical social mobility

July 2012

  The article was an attempt to unravel the assorted sentiments of Great Zimbabwe University students regarding higher education as a vehicle for upward social mobility. The researchers became enthusiastic to undertake this study after detecting a steady increase in the number of students enrolling for higher education amid a diversity of militating variables. A sample of 50 students comprising 20 males and 30...

Author(s): Kufakunesu Moses, Ganga Emily and Chinyoka Kudzai

Impact of foreign trade and investment on Nigeria’s textile industry: The case of China

July 2012

  The textile industry in Nigeria is the third largest in Africa after Egypt and South Africa. It is the largest employer of labour in the manufacturing sector. The industry is mainly controlled by large private-sector firms, often with substantial foreign participation. Low productivity levels limit Nigeria’s export possibilities. Nevertheless, the substantially liberated economic environment and the...

Author(s): Mathias Agri Eneji, Iwayanwu J. Onyinye, Drenkat N. Kennedy and Shi Li Rong

The practice of polygamy under the scheme of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa: a critical appraisal

July 2012

  Today the assertion that polygamy is a human rights issue admits of no demur. Polygamy and other cultural practices are as legitimately subject to criticism within the context and setting of human rights as is any other structural aspect of society. There is a movement that is rapidly gaining momentum to contest the legality and legitimacy of polygamy in a human rights context. In several parts of Africa,...

Author(s): Obonye Jonas

The enduring impact of the 1804 Fulani Jihad on Igbomina society

May 2012

  The Islamic revolution that swept through Western Sudan in the 19th century brought into existence the estwhile Sokoto Caliphate that dominated the political landscape of a considerable proportion of the area that later became Nigeria. While British Colonial intervention brought to an end the exercise of political power by this empire at the beginning of the 20th century, the socio-cultural and religious...

Author(s): E. O. Ibiloye

An evaluation of demonstration and industrial attachment as strategies in implementing clothing curriculum: A case of a Masvingo Polytechnic in Zimbabwe

May 2012

  This study examined demonstration and industrial attachment as strategies in implementing national certificate in clothing design and construction curriculum. A qualitative approach utilizing a case study of Masvingo Polytechnic in Zimbabwe was used. The population comprised of national certificate second year students, production managers in industry and clothing lecturers. The participants were drawn using...

Author(s): Isabel M. Mupfumira and Tennyson P. Mutsambi

Does dependency rate really impede savings? Some Sub-Saharan African evidence

April 2012

This study examines whether the age dependency ratio exerts a negative effect on the domestic savings rates. We test this issue for 16 African countries using annual data. The empirical analysis was conducted using the bounds test of cointegration of Pesaran et al. (2001) and the modified Granger causality test due to Toda and Yamamoto (1995). The advantage of using these two approaches is that they both avoid the...

Author(s): Yaya Keho

Impact of poverty on housing condition in Nigeria: A case study of Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos State

April 2012

  The poor in most developing countries are found among four identifiable economic groups, the rural landless, the small farmers, the urban underemployed and the unemployed. Generally, the poor are dis-proportionately located in rural areas and slums in urban areas. The urban poor in Sub-Saharan Africa especially the West Africa region experience difficult time. This research work examined the impact of poverty...

Author(s): Ola Aluko

A qualitative study of Chieftaincy and Local Government in Ghana

April 2012

  It is widely argued that chiefs do not play any meaningful role in local government in Ghana as they used to; since there is an existing structure which is responsible for local governance in Ghana. In recent times, this debate has been raging on ferociously to the extent that people want the chieftaincy institution to be abolished. This qualitative study uses the institutional framework to assess the role of...

Author(s): Kwame Asamoah

Is participatory forest management (PFM) an asset or liability to local community households adjacent to Arabuko Sokoke Forest, Kenya?

April 2012

  The study examined the impact of participatory forest management (PFM) on the wealth of households living adjacent to Arabuko–Sokoke Forest (ASF). The study question was “is PFM an asset or liability to local communities living adjacent to ASF”. The study hypothesized that PFM areas have higher household wealth than non-PFM zones. Between 2008 and 2009, questionnaires were used to collect...

Author(s): Matiku Paul, Mireri Caleb and Ogol Callistus

Gender income inequality and development in Africa: Analysis based on Kuznets’ inverted U curve

March 2012

  Africa is a continent which faces important inequalities between men and women. In this connection, this article aims to analyze the evolution process of gender income inequality, in the light of Kuznets’ theory of the inverted U curve. The analysis is undertaken from a panel data with the estimation of a reduced model first and then an extended model afterwards. The results suggest that income...

Author(s): Mathias Marie Adrien Ndinga

Effects of agricultural reforms on the agricultural sector in Nigeria

March 2012

  The various economic reform strategies undertaken by governments over a period of about three decades on the agricultural sector in Nigeria were the exploitative strategy, agricultural project strategy, direct production strategy and integrated rural development strategy. Overall, these economic reform strategies were geared toward the achievement of food self-sufficiency and food security, generation of...

Author(s): Daniel S. Ugwu, and Ihechituru O. Kanu

Impact of fiscal policies aimed at increasing aggregate investments on employment and household incomes in Senegal

March 2012

  This study explores the impact of budgetary policies, aimed at an increase in aggregate investments in Senegal on employment and household incomes. The analysis is based on a computable general equilibrium framework, which allows us to capture the multi-faceted microeconomic implications of the chosen macroeconomic policies and uses very interesting recent macro and micro-level data sources. Our results...

Author(s): Latif Dramani and Ralitza Dimova

Spatial planning, legislation and the historical and contemporary challenges in Zimbabwe: A conjectural approach

February 2012

  This paper seeks to unravel the spatial planning system in Zimbabwe in cognisance of its potential role to addressing some of the skewed phenomena of planning in the country. Some of the contemporary planning challenges are rooted in the colonial footprints, emanating from the Rhodesian segregationist policies and repressive legislation that have continued to exist into the ‘free Zimbabwean’ era...

Author(s): Innocent Chirisa and Smart Dumba

African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) regional trade: Challenges and prospects

February 2012

  The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) is a US trade act that has significantly enhances US trade with about 39 Sub-Saharan (SSA) countries. However, despite the opportunities in the trade program ECOWAS countries have not benefitted much from the available opportunities in the program. The mission of this paper is to look at why ECOWAS countries have not been able to capture the opportunities of AGOA...

Author(s): Edun Adetunji Oluwafemi, Khikmatullo Kudratov, Bah Abdoulaye Oury, Oji-Okoro Izuchukwu and Abba Abubakar Shehu

The global political agreement (GPA) and the persistent political conflict arising there from: Is this another manifestation of the council of Jerusalem?

November 2011

  The global political agreement (GPA) and the council of Jerusalem (CJ) manifested in different times and geographical locations. The GPA is purely a political agreement signed by three political parties namely the movement for democratic change-Tsvangirai (MDC-T) led by Morgan Tsvangirai, the movement for democratic change-Mutambara (MDC-M) led by Arthur Mutambara and the Zimbabwe African National Union...

Author(s): Liveson Tatira and Tobias Marevesa

Patterns of marital instability among married couples in Lagos, Nigeria

November 2011

This study investigates the patterns of marriage instability in modern African society, especially Lagos metropolis, and the implications on marriage counselling. Two hundred and fifty married men and women were selected in Lagos metropolis, using purposive and convenience sampling technique. Among the participants were: one hundred and eleven married men (44.4%) and one hundred and thirty nine married women (55.6%)...

Author(s): R. A. Animasahun and E. A. Femi Fatile

A Don Quizote fighting windmills: A study of teachers’ imagined stress in the teaching profession

September 2011

  The present study investigated the prevalence of teacher occupational stress among primary school teachers in Matebeleland North Region. A survey method was used to collect data for the study. A sample of 10 schools was randomly selected from primary schools in the Region. A total of 120 teachers drawn from the 10 schools participated in the study. A survey questionnaire (the adapted version of Kyriacou and...

Author(s): Denhere Chris

Intelligence operations as terrorism: Emerging state terrorism in Botswana

September 2011

Botswana is considered one of Africa’s credible democracies. Its economic performance and good governance over the years distinguished its statehood from its African counterparts. The stable political landscape backdating to independence also made it a regional security exception. However, the security landscape has changed over the last three years. Using a historical procedure, the article illustrates how the...

Author(s): Tshepo T. Gwatiwa

The attitudes, knowledge and skills of district literacy coordinators in three regions of Zimbabwe

August 2011

  This study was conducted to investigate the attitudes, knowledge and skills of District Literacy Coordinators (DLCs) in Mashonaland East, Mashonaland Central and Manicaland Provinces of Zimbabwe, with a view to determining their training needs. A descriptive survey design using data collection instruments involving face-to-face interviews and questionnaires was adopted. Thirty conveniently sampled DLCs...

Author(s): Simeon Chandirekera Marango and Gamuchirai Tsitsi Ndamba

Impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on millennium development goals (MDGs): Context for diffusion and adoption of ICT innovations in East and Southern Africa

August 2011

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) impact all the millennium development goals (MDGs), especially in eradicating extreme poverty and hunger. The correlation between ICTs and high economic growth has not been well researched in most African countries. The specific objectives of the research are: to assess the impact of ICTs on MDGs, to ascertain the ICT impact on economic growth, and...

Author(s): Gabriel Kabanda

Using computer in science class: The interactive effect of gender

July 2011

  The advantage of “computer-assisted instruction” is weakened by factors such as gender stereotyping. Therefore, this study was an attempt to investigate the effect of gender on the use of computer in science class and its effect on the students’ academic performance. It was a quasi-experimental design that used pre-test, treatment-control, and post-test. Using computers, the experimental...

Author(s): Keziah, A. Achuonye

Integrating early childhood development (ECD) into mainstream primary school education in Zimbabwe: Implications to water, sanitation and hygiene delivery

July 2011

  The study sought to investigate implementation of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) deliverables by rural primary schools in Bikita District. Four school heads and eight early childhood development (ECD) teachers from four schools were interviewed. An observation checklist was used to assess the adequacy and age-appropriateness of WASH facilities. The research analyzed the capacity of WASH policies to...

Author(s): Gunhu M. Rwatirera, Mugweni M. Rose and Dhlomo Thelma

To what extent are regional trade arrangements in Africa fulfilling the conditions for successful RTAs?

June 2011

  Almost all African countries have embraced RTAs since attaining independence in 1950s and 1960s as means of enhancing policy credibility and accelerating trade to overcome the economic disadvantages of fragmentation of many small-nation economies on the continent. Today, there is no country in Africa that is not a member of at least one regional economic group. As reflected in the 13 RTAs operating in Africa,...

Author(s): Babatunde Omilola

What happened to post-imperial development in Africa during the last fifty years? Re-thinking the post-colonial turn in creative art, social ‘writings’ and films

June 2011

  This paper argues that post-colonial theory in its classical usage is limited. However, when its premises are employed as a point of understanding, they can be very useful for comprehending the situation of contemporary developments in Africa. From this light, it contends that, after the fiftieth anniversary of Africa’s independence, the continent’s development could not really take off the ground...

Author(s): Alfred Ndi

Religion as a tool in strengthening the democratic process in Ghana

June 2011

  Recent elections in Ghana bear witness to the extraordinary power of religion to affect social and political change. This paper illustrates a few varieties of this power through case studies which examine the role of religious leaders in promoting peaceful elections, the way inter-faith dialogue enhances civic duties and fosters peace by bolstering values of justice, forgiveness and cooperation, and the...

Author(s): Michael Perry Kweku Okyerefo, Daniel Yaw Fiaveh and Kofi Takyi Asante

Hopes and hiccups expressed: Barriers to university female lecturers’ promotion

May 2011

  The study explored barriers to promotion for university female lecturers to leadership positions. In Zimbabwe, women have gained legal rights through government pronounced policies such as the Gender policy and Affirmative Action policy (Government of Zimbabwe, 2004; Chabaya et al., 2009). The theoretical framework used is critical feminism which deals with issues that marginalize women from leadership roles...

Author(s): Rose M. Mugweni, Tafara Mufanechiya and Thelma Dhlomo

Motivating Zimbabwean secondary school students to learn: A challenge

May 2011

  Motivating Zimbabwean secondary school students to learn has been a daunting task for both parents and teachers. The economic and social situation obtaining in Zimbabwe has not encouraged secondary school students to take education seriously and prepare themselves for service and contribution to nation building and self- development. Thus the study sought to understand factors that militate against student...

Author(s): Tafara Mufanechiya and Albert Mufanechiya

“India and China’s growing economic involvement in sub-Saharan Africa”

April 2011

  India and China have dramatically increased their economic and commercial ties with sub-Saharan Africa during the past decade and a half, centered on mineral exploitation, although this is slowly changing. Many of the natural resource-rich states in sub-Saharan Africa suffer from the resource curse – the failure of resource-abundant countries to benefit from their natural endowments. China and...

Author(s): Donald L. Sparks

Art and societal dialectics in sub-Saharan Africa: A critique of Wa Thiong’o and Osofisan as dramatists

April 2011

  Art, indeed, remains an effective means of representing reality. It has undoubtedly become instrumental in understanding and interpreting aspects of society – its inherent dialectics – its realities. Drama, therefore, as the most social of art forms invariably predisposes the dramatist/artist as invaluable in the solemn task of mirroring these realities. This paper surveys the socio-political...

Author(s): Samuel Okoronkwo Chukwu-Okoronkwo

Impact of land tenure change on subsistence agriculture: Implication on farm productivity of the farming system in Bukoba district, Tanzania

March 2011

  Discussions on land tenure change in Africa often lack an appreciation of farming systems and their structure. This disconnection is remarkable because tenure change is often seen as means to enhance the productivity of African agriculture. In this article, we examine the structure of the agro-ecological system and its productivity in relation to land tenure arrangements in the banana-based farming system in...

Author(s): Amos Mwijage, Jens Andersson, Nico de Ridder, Frederick Baijukya, Cesare Pacini and Ken Giller

Can capitalist ‘core’ survive the history driving development in the African ‘periphery’? Re-evaluating Immanuel Wallerstein’s world systems analysis

February 2011

  This paper in interdisciplinary studies investigated the discursive effects of African development in the face of western capitalism and its hegemonic altruism [1] with close reference to insights from selected African creative art and social ‘writings’. It found out that I.Wallerstein’s world systems and its analysis are limited in spatial scope and explanatory power because of...

Author(s): Alfred Ndi

Prostitution in selected colonial and post - colonial Shona novels

February 2011

  This paper comparatively analyses the portrayal of prostitution in Garandichauya (1964), Pafunge (1972), Mapenzi (1999) and Ndozviudza Aniko? (2006). It mainly focuses on the causes of prostitution as well as the images given to the prostitutes. The first two novels are set in colonial Zimbabwe whilst the other two in the post-colonial era. In Garandichauya, the author fails to put prostitution in its proper...

Author(s): Wellington Wasosa

In search of aid-free Africa: An eye on Tandon’s exit strategy

February 2011

  Life during pre-colonial Africa was determined by nature, during the colonial times it was miserable and in post-colonial Africa it has remained horrible in many African countries. The source of this state of the art remains controversial thus leaving contending views such as civilization, exploitation and absence of democracy to dominate the center stage of the development discourse. The same ambivalence is...

Author(s): Edwin Babeiya

ECD policies in South Africa – What about children with disabilities?

January 2011

  The importance of the young child in South African policy has been recognised through the inclusion of early childhood development (ECD) planning in documents relating to the National Departments of Health, Education and Social Development. However, despite the inclusion of the ECD sector in these three key departments there has been no indication of how policy will be implemented, nor how the young child...

Author(s): Claudine Storbeck and Selvarani Moodley

Views of parents on the inclusion of children with special needs in physical education in Masvingo, Zimbabwe

January 2011

  The aim of this study was to investigate the views of parents on the inclusion of children with special needs (CSN) in physical education at primary school level in Masvingo, Zimbabwe. A survey involving parents was conducted with the questionnaire used as a data collection instrument. The questionnaire was administered to 40 parents of both the children without disabilities and those whose children had...

Author(s): Jenet Mudekunye and Gamuchirai Tsitsi Ndamba

The force of charms in Elechi Amadi's “The concubine” and “The great ponds”

December 2010

        Most often when people speak of fetish, enchantment or spell in traditional African societies, they refer to the inexplicable side of religious beliefs inherited from forebears. There are two kinds of fetishes: negative and positive. The first is a preparation destined to harm the enemy, while the second is concocted in order to heighten the merit of someone or his destiny. The...

Author(s):   Labo Bouche Abdou        

The changing philosophy of African marriage: The relevance of the Shona customary marriage practice of Kukumbira

December 2010

        This paper is a philosophical examination of African forms of marriage, particularly the customary marriage practice of Kukumbira (asking for a bride/woman’s hand in marriage from her parents, but with her informed consent) and adopts the Shona ethnic group of Zimbabwe as a case study. It investigates the perception of the Shona people towards the practice of the customary...

Author(s): Munyaradzi Mawere and Annastacia Mbindi Mawere

Amnesty and human capital development agenda for the Niger Delta

November 2010

        The Niger Delta of Nigeria has become increasingly famous due to massive oil deposits and escalation of violence in the region. The emergence of deadly militant groups embodied oil pipeline vandalisation, hostage taking, massacre, and assassination. Unfortunately, the Nigerian government’s top-down measures for alleviating the spate of violence in the region have not yielded...

Author(s): Akeem Ayofe Akinwale

Community involvement in urban water and sanitation provision: The missing link in partnerships for improved service delivery in Ghana

November 2010

  This paper examined how partnerships with communities can complement government’s efforts at improving access to adequate water supply and improved sanitation in urban areas of Ghana, using a descriptive cross-sectional study of the experiences of four communities selected from three regions in the country. The paper concludes that an active involvement of the user community in the planning and...

Author(s): Issaka Kanton Osumanu

Public administration: Local government and decentralization in Ghana

October 2010

        Public administration as an art is defined in the Ghanaian context regarding decentralization and public officials’ accountability.  It examines decentralization, local elections and empowerment. While the paper advocates for regional and district level elections, it uses the literature to argue that local representatives are more accessible to their locals. It questions...

Author(s):         Kwame Badu Antwi-Boasiako        

May be more intricate than you think: Making rural toilet facilities possible using the demand responsive approach

October 2010

  This study determined whether and how the demand responsive approach (DRA) of the Volta Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project has changed access to toilet facilities in the Ho Municipality of Ghana. Community development theory and interpretivism drove the research. Focus group discussions, structured and semi-structured interview questions, and observation were used to collect the data. Findings show...

Author(s):         Frank S. Arku        

Revisiting the place of punishment in Zimbabwe’s primary and secondary school formal education system

October 2010

        The paper examines the issue of punishment in the process of education within the Zimbabwean context, especially as it applies to primary and secondary school formal education. It addresses the problem as to whether punishment as a tool of educating should be part of the process of education, which is by and large a worthwhile activity. In essence, it addresses the issue of whether...

Author(s): Munamato Chemhuru

‘Aluta continua’: A critical reflection on the chimurenga-within-Third Chimurenga among the Ndau people in Chipinge district, Southeastern Zimbabwe

October 2010

  The contemporary land reform programme, which is anchored in the framework of national struggles, and popularly known as the Third Chimurenga, is a contentious issue in Zimbabwe and has send shockwaves across the world. Many weird happenings have taken place in the history of the country on account of it and have only managed to put Zimbabwe on the international spotlight. This study argues that the history...

Author(s):   Richard S. Maposa, James Hlongwana and Daniel Gamira        

Why economic growth theories became a fiction of development in postcolonial Africa: Critiquing foreign aid policy as discourse

September 2010

This paper argued that, for the past fifty years, economic growth theories implemented as aid policy did not materialize into elevated GDPs, high per capita incomes and social progress for Africans as had been promised, but rather translated into underdevelopment through new discourses of dependency, power and ideology. Drawing insights from selected works of creative and film art, it maintains that the humanitarianism...

Author(s): Alfred Ndi

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