Journal of
African Studies and Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Afr. Stud. Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2189
  • DOI: 10.5897/JASD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 218

JASD Articles

Power supply and environmental sustainabi-lity in the University of Uyo: An agenda for full-blown research in Nigeria

September 2010

  Power supply remains an important factor for socio-economic and technological development of every nation. Despite this reality, most countries especially from the developing world have not been able to solve the problem of power supply for the citizens. The seriousness of this problem vary from country to country. In Nigeria, power supply has become the most critical factor that has...

Author(s): Emmanuel M. Akpabio and Nseabasi S. Akpan

A gendered dress code and how it influences the choice of dress by women in Zimbabwe

September 2010

        The study examined how attitudes of middle-aged women towards a gendered dress code influence the choice of dress. The interpretive enquiry involved a case study.  In-depth face-to-face interviews and observations were the data collecting tools. Ten women aged between thirty and fifty were purposefully sampled from Southerton suburb of Harare, Zimbabwe. Qualitative data...

Author(s):       Lilian Manwa, Gamuchirai Tsitsi Ndamba and Lokadhia Manwa

Poverty and economic growth in Egypt, 1995 - 2000

September 2010

        In this paper we use the rich set of unit-level data from the most recent Egyptian household surveys (1995 – 1996 and 1999 – 2000) to assess changes in poverty and inequality between 1995 and 2000. The study analysis is based on the new methodology of constructing household-specific poverty lines that account for the differences in regional prices, as well as differences...

Author(s): Michael Lokshin, Heba El-laithy and Arup Banerji

Colonial effect or African cultural influence on corruption: A literary approach

August 2010

        Corruption, a serious bottleneck for developing countries, is gaining field worldwide. It has several names depending on the areas. Bribery is qualified as chin hanchi (bribes), gôro (cola nut), gaisuwa (greetings) or aza dutsi (to put a stone on…) among the Hausa people; bribes or gratification in French and dash in some West African English speaking countries such as...

Author(s): Labo Bouché Abdou

Institutional reforms and the development of Nigeria Prisons Service, 1999 - 2007

August 2010

        Nigeria as a country experienced over twenty nine years of military rule. Consequently, the Nigeria Prisons were nothing less than a concentration camp where democrats, civil rights activists and some social deviants suffered. The emergence of civilian rule in 1999 with promises both to restore human rights and the rule of law and to reform the justice system of which the prisons are...

Author(s):   Eze Malachy Chukwuemeka  

Poverty and growth in Cameroon during the post-devaluation period (1996-2001)

May 2010

        According to macroeconomic data, Cameroon recovered economic growth during the period between 1996 and 2001 following the devaluation of the CFA franc relative to the French franc which took place in January 1994. However, there is cause for concern across the country about the question as to whether the economic growth recorded in official statistics has trickled down to the various...

Author(s):   Samuel Fambon

Determining rural farmers’ income: A rural Nigeria experience

May 2010

        This paper describes the earning activities of farmers in Afon district, a rural area in Kwara State, Nigeria with a view to assess factors determining rural farmers’ income. 268 farmers were interviewed through questionnaire administration, and the results show that a large number of rural farmers depend on family labour, local inputs and personal instincts to earn productive...

Author(s): R. A. Olawepo

Population aging in Botswana: Trends and implications

April 2010

        In 2001, Botswana had 36.6% of the total population below 15 years while the 65+ population is only 5%. The proportion of the economically active age group stood at 58%. The median age of the population has increased from 15.7 years in 1971 to 20.1 in 2001. However, the tempo1 of aging is rather slow. Botswana is favourably placed in terms of the so-called ‘demographic...

Author(s): P. Sadasivan Nair

Governance and communal conflicts in a post-democratic Nigeria: A case of the oil-producing Niger Delta Region

April 2010

        The Niger Delta Region of Nigeria is the store of Nigeria’s crude oil, which accounts for a substantial part of Nigeria’s revenue and exports. Despite this, the people remain poor, marginalized and restive. Resort to conflicts is the only way of expressing grievances in oil-rich communities in the Region. The conflict situation has been alarming since the present...

Author(s): Nseabasi S. Akpan

Upscaling community-arranged preparedness for preventing maternal mortality in Ghana: A case study of Keta and Akatsi districts of the Volta Region

April 2010

        The main objective of the study is to assess maternal health in Ghana using empirical evidence from Akatsi and Keta districts of the Volta Region. Interviews were conducted from a sample size of 6,250 respondents within the reproductive age group of 15 - 49 years drawn from both districts in 2007. The results show that most of the women had only basic education and were generally...

Author(s): J. Chuks Mba and K. Irene Aboh

Peri-urban dynamics and regional planning in Africa: Implications for building healthy cities

March 2010

  Much as peri-urban zones in Africa are places of possible disaster outbreaks in terms of disease outbreaks and other social hazards due to their general lack of planning and institutional integration, they can act as cradles for building health cities. This is so for many practical reasons poised in the sustainable development framework – the prevalence of horticultural activities; their attractiveness...

Author(s):   Innocent Chirisa        

A review of environmental entrepreneurship as an agenda for rural development: The case for Ghana

March 2010

  The idea of “environmental entrepreneurship” exists in both the developed and the developing world, and the challenges and opportunities faced by this new industry are similar everywhere. This paper is designed to review and carefully synthesize some of the existing research about the characteristics of environmental entrepreneurs or green entrepreneurs that distinguishes them from regular...

Author(s):         Patrick Tandoh-Offin        

Sustainable renewable energy resources, their development and applications

March 2010

  People rely upon oil and this will continue for a few more decades. Other conventional sources may be more enduring, but are not without serious disadvantages. Power from natural resources has always had great appeal. Coal is plentiful, though there is concern about despoliation in winning it and pollution in burning it. Nuclear power has been developed with remarkable timeliness, but is not universally...

Author(s):       Abdeen Mustafa Omer

An assessment of the effect of acceptance and adoption on policy implementation: Case of Nigeria’s information technology policy

January 2010

  Realizing the need for improvement in Nigeria by 2020 requires the introduction of reforms in all sectors. This reform can be achieved with good and efficient policies as well as strengthening and enforcing the existing policies. The urge to evaluate the Information Technology (IT) Policy of Nigeria which is believed to be the ‘bedrock for national survival and development’ raises the question on:...

Author(s):       M. Hassan Omowunmi, T. O. Oyebisi and W. O. Siyanbola

An advocacy coalition approach to water policy change in Ghana: A look at belief systems and policy oriented learning

December 2009

  The Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) was developed by Sabatier and Jenkins Smith in 1993 to explain and predict policy change. Bloomquist and other scholars have referred to the ACF as one of the most promising theoretical frameworks for studying the policy process. The ACF has been applied widely to policy change in a plethora of substantive policy areas in the United States, as well as in Canada, the...

Author(s): Kweku Ainuson

Challenges of information and knowledge management in trade unions in Botswana within the context of millenium development goals

November 2009

  The attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is closely tied to the challenges of globalization in Africa. Under the globalization drive, issues that centre on privatization, trade liberalization and foreign direct investment now call for most non-state actors such as the labour organizations to advocate for human centred approaches that stipulate MDGs projections. Globalization has also meant...

Author(s): Trywell Kalusopa

Foreign aid and development in Africa: What the literature says and what the reality is

November 2009

  Evidence of ineffective foreign assistance is widespread in Africa. The debate on how aid can be effective and contribute to Africa’s development is, however, still ongoing without any clear way forward. This paper adopts a deductive approach to explaining aid and development in Africa. There is a high volume of literature on the impact of foreign aid on development in Africa, yet not many of them...

Author(s): Nathan Andrews

Matters arising: Polymorphous violence and state incapacitation in Nigeria’s fourth republic

January 2009

This paper critically examines the multifarious and multi-dimensional violence that have continuously threatened the Nigerian state, its democratization and the people’s well-being especially in the past ten years. The framework of analysis is eclectic in nature. It is a combination of Peter Ekeh's two publics, the different adaptations of Max Weber's patrimonialism, the World Bank's "state...

Author(s):   Dhikru Adewale Yagboyaju        

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