Journal of
Clinical Pathology and Forensic Medicine

  • Abbreviation: J. Clin. Pathol. Forensic Med.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2405
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCPFM
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 30

JCPFM Articles

Postmortem diagnosis of massive gastrointestinal bleeding

December 2021

Giant peptic ulcers have a poor prognosis and are associated with more frequent bleeding, together with very high morbidity. The prognosis worsens if it also spreads to the duodenum, with probable involvement of adjacent organs such as the pancreas. The most serious complication of these is perforation, this being the first manifestation is up to a third cases. A 62-year-old male patient with a history of high blood...

Author(s): Galeano Reyes Silvio Antonio, Carmen Guerrero Márquez, Paloma Ramos Pontón and Belén Tristán Martín

Hyoid bone fracture and an elucidation of circumstances in a case of ligature strangulation by garroting

August 2021

Ligature strangulation is an important aspect of forensic practice and unless proven otherwise is considered to be a homicide. We report a case of a traveler, who was attending a political procession, but was later robbed and strangulated with a scarf by some anti-social elements. His body was subsequently abandoned in the wilderness to get decomposed leading to the diminution of valuable traumatic signatures over the...

Author(s): Prateek Karagwal, Pawan Mittal, Balraj Sharma and Gaurav Sharma

Isolated posterior inferior cerebellar artery stroke secondary to near-hanging: A case report

July 2017

Suicide is the eighth leading cause of death in males, while strangulation injuries account for approximately 2.5% of all traumatic deaths worldwide. Hanging or ‘self-suspension’ is a form of ligature strangulation where the pressure is produced by the weight of the body itself. It is easily accessible, comparatively painless, almost always suicidal and cheap method of committing suicide. These attributes...

Author(s): Abha Sharma, Shivendu Bhardwaj, Rajat Jhamb and S. V. Madhu

Role of mean platelet volume in individuals with type II diabetes mellitus

January 2016

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a global pandemic. Large platelets are highly thrombotic and thus put the patient at a higher risk. Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a determinant of platelet functionality and increased MPV are associated with increased risk for hyperglycemic complications. We aimed to investigate the association of MPV, a marker for platelet size and activity with fasting blood glucose (FBS), postprandial blood...

Author(s): Vaddatti Tejeswini, P. Premalatha and P. A. V. Krishnamacharyulu

Prevalent latent adenocarcinoma of the prostate in forensic autopsies

July 2015

In the aging society, elder people commonly suffer cancer, which is associated with increased rates of fractures due to osteoporosis from cancer. In the present study, the prevalence of prostatic cancer, so-called “latent adenocarcinoma”, is investigated among forensic autopsy cases. Retrospective histo-pathology was performed on 114 subjects (61.8 ± 13.3 years old). Forth-four specimens (38.6%)...

Author(s): Wei Tian, and Motoki Osawa

An autopsy case of Group A Streptococcus meningoencephalitis

June 2015

Group A Streptococcus (GAS), which frequently colonizes the oropharynx, causes significant morbidity worldwide due to invasive infections such as pneumonia, necrotizing fasciitis, bacteremia and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. However, this organism does not usually invade the central nervous system. Here, we report the autopsy of an adult Japanese patient who died from a fulminant infection, and examination of her...

Author(s): Yasuhiro Kakiuchi, Nozomi Idota, Mami Nakamura and Hiroshi Ikegaya

Sudden death due to intracranial colloid cyst: About three cases

April 2015

The colloid cyst is a rare and benign congenital intracranial tumor, commonly located in the anterior part of the third ventricle. It is a rare cause of sudden death whose mechanisms of occurrence are still been discussed. We report three cases of sudden death due to colloid cyst(s) discovered at autopsy. Death occurred in a man and two women, aged 45, 43 and 33 years, respectively. Pre-mortem symptoms were mainly...

Author(s): M. Belhadj, W. Thaljawi, Y. Chkirben, M. Jedidi, M. K Souguir, T. Masmoudi, M. T. Yaâcoubi and M. Ben Dhiab  

Left ventricular non-compaction of myocardium in forensic autopsy

March 2014

Left ventricular non-compaction of the myocardium is a rare cardiac disorder characterized by prominent meshwork formation and deep intertrabecular recesses of the left ventricle. Echocardiography provides clinical diagnosis of the non-compaction region, but it is sometimes difficult to distinguish this disorder from cardiomyopathies of other types. This report describes two autopsy cases of sudden death with suspicion...

Author(s): Fumiko Satoh, Toshihiko Nakamura, Kino Hayashi, Eriko Ochiai and Motoki Osawa

Histological characterization of wound healing of flank verses midline ovariohysterectomy in different age groups of cats

March 2014

The study was carried out to determine the histological characterizations of wound healing in cats. For the purpose, 24 feral/stray with mean age of 7 to 33 months and body weight between 1.72 to 4.02 kg cats were selected and divided in 4 subgroups. Ovariohysterectomy was performed in all the cats. The cats operated through flank approach healed earlier and histological characterization showed better wound healing...

Author(s): Faisal ayub kiani, Allah Bux Kachiwal, Muhammad Ghiasuddin Shah, Muhammad Shoaib Khan, Ghulam Murtaza Lochi, Abdul Manan, Israr ul HaQ and Faiz Muhammad khan.

Accidental hanging: A report of four cases and review of the literature

February 2014

Accidental hangings have far common characteristics that cause death in unsuspecting victim’s. It is a rare medico-legal aspect of death, raising difficulties of differential diagnosis with the suicide hanging and even with other causes of death. This study presents four observations of accidental hanging which occurred to three children and an adult, in strange circumstances sometimes. The medico-legal diagnosis...

Author(s): M. Ben Dhiab, M. Jdidi, Y. Nouma, N. Ben Mansour, M. Belhadj and M. K. Souguir

Neuronal alterations in the prefrontal cortex of rats with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatic damage

August 2013

In cirrhosis, some toxic substances accumulate in the brain and modify its functional integrity. In this study, we investigate the impacts of liver damage on the neuronal profile of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in a rat model of hepatic damage induced with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). This study also evaluated the possible role of liver dysfunction in the etiology of neurodegenerative characteristics associated with the...

Author(s): Adedayo Damilare Adekomi, Olusola Bolaji Adewale, Ola Adulrasheed Muhameed, Adedoyin Mojeed Agbaje and Tajudeen Oyesina Oyesomi

Delivery and death on railway track: A case report

August 2013

Injuries and deaths due to accidents are inescapable in the modern way of living. The accidental deaths are mostly due to the road traffic, but the deaths due to railway fatalities are also not negligible, especially in the areas where railway traffic is high. Southern railways are major mode of transportation of the passengers and goods; consequently, the incidences of railway fatalities and mishaps are also high in...

Author(s): N. T. Satish, Anitha S, S. Harish and Girish Chandra

Is there a role for ethanol assay using alcohol dehydrogenase in a basic drugs and alcohol screen of blood following routine autopsies?

December 2012

The external examination system of determining the cause of death as operated in Dundee, Scotland is controversial. The addition of a blood or urine specimen for drugs and alcohol processed by hospital autoanalysers will reduce error in death certification. This is even more convenient to organise with a shorter turn-around time than imaging by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These measures...

Author(s): William Tormey, and Tara Moore

Fatal meat aspiration: A report of three cases and review of the literature

December 2012

Acute respiratory obstruction can cause sudden death, but usually the cause is obvious. The one situation that stands out in this area has been called the "cafe coronary". In adults, cafe coronary deaths occur in individuals who are either clinically inebriated or have clinically significant neuro-muscular dysfunction. In this report, we will present the sudden unexpected death of three adults that were first...

Author(s): M. Ben Dhiab, M. Jdidi, N. Ben Mansour and M. K. Souguir

Pathological conditions and lesions observed in slaughtered cattle in Zaria abattoir

April 2012

Disease prevalence in ruminants constitutes a serious impediment to livestock production in Nigeria. Records of common cattle diseases prevalent in Zaria are pertinent for effective control programmes. Knowledge of the extent to which the public is exposed to zoonotic diseases through meat consumption is useful in preventive medicine. The slaughter house in Zango-Zaria was visited between January and September, 2008 to...

Author(s): M. A.  Raji, S. O. Salami and J. A. Ameh

Histopathologic patterns of malignant tumours of the oropharynx of the Jos University Teaching Hospital

February 2012

Malignant tumours of the oropharynx are usually insidious and potentially life threatening. With increased association with risk factors in our environment, its incidence is gradually increasing. This study aim to describe the histopathologic patterns of malignant Oropharygeal tumours as seen in our institution. This is a descriptive retrospective study of all histhologically diagnosed malignant orpharyngeal tumours...

Author(s): Silas, O. A., Adoga, A. A., Echejoh, G. O., Manasseh, A. N., Dauda A. M.and Vandi, B. K.

Acute renal failure as a result of rhabdomyolysis due to assault: A case report

September 2011

Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome caused by injury to skeletal muscle and involves leakage of large quantities of intracellular contents into plasma. This disorder may result in potential life-threatening complications such as acute myoglobinuric renal failure, hyperkalemia, cardiac arrest, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and compartment syndrome. A case of acute renal failure as a result of rhabdomyolysis due to...

Author(s): Manjunatha B., Pramod kumar G. N. and Nithin M. D.

Allele frequencies of 15 STR loci using AmpF/STR identifiler kit in Azerbaijan population

September 2011

Allele frequencies for 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci included in the AmpFlSTR® Identifiler® PCR Amplification Kit from Applied Biosystems (D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, TH01, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, vWA, TPOX, D18S51, D5S818 and FGA) and several statistical parameters were estimated from a sample of 224 unrelated individuals, mostly males, living in capital Baku...

Author(s): Elnur Nasibov, M. S. Shahzad, Mujgan Cengiz, Ozlem Bulbul, Muhammad Ilyas, Syyada Samra Jafri, Gonul Filoglu, Havva Altuncul and Gunduz Sadixov

Infratentorial subdural empyema following pyogenic meningitis in an adult: A case report

May 2011

Subdural empyema complicating meningitis is relatively common in infants, but is rare in adults. Further infratentorial subdural empyema represents only a small portion of all cases of subdural empyema. The overwhelming majority of infratentorial empyema cases follow a neglected otogenic sepsis, trauma or paranasal sinusitis. We describe a case of 26 years old male who was diagnosed as pyogenic meningitis and...

Author(s): Jhamb Rajat, Kumar Ashok, Ranga Gajender Singh and Bineeta kashyap.

Medicolegal notes in injuries, an emerging clinical importance

May 2011

Injuries should not be managed surgically or with the use of drugs only as studies show that a lot of injures are suicidal or homicidal rather than accidental and the skill of doctors in obtaining medicolegal notes will go a long way to stop attempted suicides and attempted homicides subsequently leading to death and assist the law to identify culprits as not all injuries are accidental.   Key...

Author(s): Silas O. A., Adoga A. A., Dauda A. M., Echejoh G. O., Menasseh M. N. and Olu-Silas R. A.

Road traffic accident deaths as seen in a Tertiary Health Centre Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH), Jos, North central, Nigeria

February 2011

World wide, road traffic accidents have contributed significantly to morbidity and mortality in all regions. With the increase in population, indulgence in alcohol and drug intoxication, increased civilization with consequent increase in the number of vehicles worldwide, road traffic accidents have increased enormously with developing nations worst hit. Several persons have lost their lives in an attempt to move from...

Author(s): Silas O. A, Adoga A. A, Isichei C., Echejoh G. O., Manasseh M. N. and Olu-Silas R. A.

Substance abuse and its medico-legal considerations

February 2011

Drug abuse and dependence ‘represents different ends’ the same disease processes. Over the long-term, this dependence results in physical harms, behavioural problems and association with people that have seen seems abused. The actions of drugs are misused in all fields. This misused is not limited to therapeutic purposes, but to terminate the frustrated lives as well. During the past few years, dramatic...

Author(s): Putul Mahanta

Investigation of concealed homicide and establishment of positive identification

January 2011

Investigation of homicide is very difficult, starting from pointing out the culprit to collection of positive evidences in favour of the case. More difficulties arise when the evidences are destroyed or the body of offence concealed, by throwing the body in the outskirts or burning or mutilating by the accused. A case is discussed here, having more or less same observations. Various aspects about cause of death,...

Author(s): Mohammed Iliyas Sheikh

Unusual findings in appendicectomy specimens: Local experience in Al-Ahsa region of Saudi Arabia

January 2011

Appendicitis is one of the commonest surgical emergencies. Appendix may appear normal at surgery, but the histo-pathological assessment of the specimens may reveal unusual pathology. Our aim was to review the histopathological reports of 1324 appendicectomy specimens and to document the unusual findings. The medical record and the histopathology report of 1324 patients who underwent appendicectomy (between January 2005...

Author(s): Abdulrahman Saleh Al-Mulhim

Fabrication of sexual assault: A case report

November 2010

Sexual assault is a heinous crime. Man commits the act to fulfill his sexual urge, to show his masculinity, to get control of the victim, to take revenge and various other reasons, out of abnormal mind, out of ignorance of the law of the land or out of opportunity. The mental trauma suffered by the victim may linger till end of her life. Number of reported sexual assault on female is said to be only a tip of iceberg in...

Author(s): S. K. Naik, D. K. Atal, A. Murari and J. K. Balwantray

Angiogenesis in thyroid malignant neoplasm: State of the art and advances of the modern digital pathology and nanotechnology

November 2010

It is well known that both radiation and genetic factors are interconnected and significantly impact the morbidity of thyroid cancer and that is why Belarus has the highest incidence of that malignancy. Author describes statistical data, classification of angiogenesis and thyroid cancer, typical pathological features of malignant thyroid diseases relating to the vascular network. Nanotechnology developed for molecular...

Author(s): Matvey Vladimir Sprindzuk

Assault on doctors

April 2010

Patient's attender assaulting the treating doctor is the commonest scenario. Nowadays this has been very much highlighted in the media. But still this problem is being continued in hospital. When patients consult a doctor for his problems, there is a healthy doctor patient relationship with mutual trust that is essential for successful management. Seldom senior doctors are also attacked even in their own private...

Author(s): V. Vijayanath, M. R. Anitha and G. M. Raju

Forensic DNA analysis in the identification of human remains in mass graves

March 2010

Routine techniques are often insufficient to address the identification of human remains in mass graves. The major complicating factors include delayed exhumation, commingling of skeletal remains, lack of ante-mortem information and attempts to conceal evidence of criminal activity. We have elaborated a study on two mass graves that contained partly fragmented commingled remains...

Author(s): Zlatko Jakovski, Ksenija Nikolova, Biljana Janeska, Zdravko Cakar, Aleksandar Stankov, Verica Poposka, Goran Palvovski and Aleksej Duma

Accidental neck injury by wood cutting machine: A case report

March 2010

Lacerated wounds of the neck can be of any origin- accidental, homicidal, or suicidal. In this case report, a case has been presented where a part of metallic saw of a wood cutting machine flied as a projectile and cut the throat of a middle aged male who was operating the machine inside metro construction area. Death occurred as result of exsanguination caused by the injuries to major blood vessels of the neck. In...

Author(s): D. K. Atal, S. K. Naik and A. Murari

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