Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 356

JENE Articles

October 2011

Organochlorine and organophosphorus pesticide residues in water and sediment from Yala/Nzoia River within Lake Victoria Basin, Kenya

This study set out to survey pesticide usage and concentrations of their residues in lowerYala/Nzoia catchment areas of Lake Victoria, Kenya during the dry and rainy seasons of 2009. Water and sediment samples were analyzed for selected organochlorine and organophosphorus pesticide residues using gas chromatography equipped with electron capture detector. The findings of the survey showed that the banned...

Author(s): Safina Musa, John Wageni Gichuki, Phillip Okoth Raburu and Christopher Mulanda Aura,

  • Article Number: 451094910191

September 2011

Bacterial and fungal endophytes associated with grains and roots of maize

The study was carried out to determine the microbes of maize grains sourced from five markets in Akungba and Ikare-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. Bacterial and fungal microbes from roots of two maize cultivars DMR-LSR-Y and TZMSR-W were also investigated using the pour plate method. Results showed that grains from Oja Oba had the highest bacterial population of 4.8 × 105 cfu/g, while, the highest fungal load of...

Author(s): Orole, O. O. and Adejumo, T. O.

  • Article Number: 2342BEB10067

September 2011

Credit characteristics of forest based entrepreneurs in Iseyin Local Government Area, South West Nigeria

This study was carried out to assess the credit characteristics of forest based entrepreneurs in South West Nigeria. Structured questionnaire were employed in obtaining primary data for this study. Average interest charges were 11% which exceeded the single digit interest rate recorded. The collateral and non-collateral credit sources were almost equal, 51 and 49% respectively. Descriptive statistics and Logit model...

Author(s): F. A. Azeez, F. Awe, A. O. Ajibola and M. A. Amoo

  • Article Number: F43BAC910073

September 2011

Vascular flora on coal mine spoils of Singrauli coalfields, India

A field study was conducted to analyze the floristic composition of coal mine spoils of Singrauli coalfields, India, spreading over an area of about 2200 km2. A total of 197 plant species were reported representing 45 families. Herbaceous flora dominates the floristic composition of coal mine spoils. The Poaceae, Fabaceae and Asteraceae are the dominant families of the flora on coal mine spoils of Singrauli coal...

Author(s): Arvind Singh

  • Article Number: C257E0C10081

September 2011

Growth and physiological responses of Solanum lycopersicum to atonik and benzyl adenine under vernalized conditions

A foliar application of Atonik (250, 500 and 1000 ppm) and benzyl adenine (25, 50 and 100 ppm) under vernalization was investigated on Solanum lycopersicum (var. Beto 86) plant. All determined growth parameters (root length, root fresh and weights, shoot length, number of leaves, number of nodes, total leaf area, shoot fresh and dry weights and relative water content) were inhibited in response to...

Author(s): Samia Ali Haroun, Wafaa Mohamed Shukry­, Mohamed Ali Abbas and Amr Mohamed Mowafy

  • Article Number: 70A76C910084

September 2011

Wood craft enterprises participation and return analysis in Oyo State

The focus of this study is to examine the factors that enhance participation in wood craft enterprises, as well as estimating the return (profit) to such enterprises in Oyo State. A total of one hundred and fifty (150) copies of well structured questionnaires were administered in three Local Government Areas of Oyo States (Iseyin, Ibarapa Central and Akinyele Local Government Areas) with 50 copies of such questionnaires...

Author(s): Azeez F. A., Ojo O. B., Onajobi A. A., Ajibola A. O. and Amoo M. A.

  • Article Number: 9AEB17210092

September 2011

Exotic flora of the Banaras Hindu University Main Campus, India

The exotic flora of the main campus of Banaras Hindu University, India, spreading over 1,300 acres of land area, was analyzed. A total of 183 exotic plant species are reported from the university campus, represented by 149 genera and 58 families. The flora of American origin dominates the exotic floristic composition of the university. The Fabaceae, Asteraceae and Poaceae are the dominant families of the exotic flora of...

Author(s): Arvind Singh

  • Article Number: 87AD2E610097

September 2011

Abundance of mouth brooding tilapiines in the Kafue floodplains, Zambia

Chikopela Sikazwe Theresa1*, Katongo Cyprian2 and Hangoma Gordon Mudenda2

Author(s): Chikopela Sikazwe Theresa, Katongo Cyprian and Hangoma Gordon Mudenda

  • Article Number: A37C17110102

August 2011

The effects of climate and edaphic factors on plant colonisation of lava flows on Mount Cameroon

Tropical ecosystems exhibit several ecological characteristics that make their sustainable management a very difficult task. Surveys were conducted from December 2000 to December 2002 to study the influence of climate and edaphic factors on vegetation cover, species diversity and distribution on three lava flows of Mount Cameroon.  On each of the lava flows, thirteen plots in the centre...

Author(s): Fonge B. A., Focho D. A., Egbe  E. A., Tening A. S., Fongod A. N., Neba G. A.and Mvondo Ze A.

  • Article Number: 095396110000

August 2011

Anthropological influence in coastal water and its impact on olive ridley turtle: A case study at Rushikulya mass nesting site

The olive ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) is known for its spectacular mass nesting behavior. The Rushikulya river mouth has emerged as one of the major mass nesting site in the world. To study the status of hydrological characteristics viz. depth, air and water temperature, salinity, conductivity, pH, total suspended solid, turbidity, dissolve oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, nutrients (NO2-N, NO3-N,...

Author(s): S. N. Bramha, U. C. Panda, P. Rath, P. K. Mohanty and K. K. Satpathy

  • Article Number: D87933510008

August 2011

Human - induced impact to the environment and changes in the geomorphology: Some examples of inland and coastal environments in Greece

It has been observed that human activity in the form of engineering works, such as channelization (drainage pits and drainage dams, deepening and creation of canals), dam construction (hydroelectric power dams, irrigation dams and water supply dams), diversion and culverting (arrangement and redirection of river channels), as well as other human interventions and activities (intensification and development of...

Author(s): Αristeidis Mertzanis, Αndreas Papadopoulos, Gerasimos Goudelis, Anastasia Pantera and George Efthimiou

  • Article Number: B92E27F10022

July 2011

Effects of humic compounds and phosphate-solubilizing bacteria on phosphorus availability in an acid soil

This study aims at elucidating the combined effects of humic compounds and phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (Pseudomonas putida) to improve characteristics of ultisol and to increase the yields of soybean conducted in a glasshouse. The humic compounds are extracted from rice-straw compost, the phosphate-solubilizing bacteria obtained from Bogor Agricultural University, and the soil (Typic paleudult) collected from...

Author(s): Sugeng Winarso, Didik Sulistyanto and Eko Handayanto

  • Article Number: DAA1F0A9933

July 2011

Contribution to the knowledge of non wood forest products of the far north region of Cameroon: Medicinal plants sold in the Kousséri market

An ethnobotanical survey was conducted in June 2005 among sellers of non wood forest products settled at the Kousséri market, Kousséri sub-division, Logone et Chari division, far north region of Cameroon. A total of 29 medicinal plants were recorded comprising 26 genera and 21 families. Malaria, diarrhoea, jaundice, fever, and hernia were the major ailments in terms of the number of references made by...

Author(s): Jean Lagarde BETTI, Serge Rostand MEBERE YEMEFA’A and Francis NCHEMBITARLA

  • Article Number: 352110F9939

June 2011

Comparative assessment of edaphic features and herbaceous diversity in lower Dachigam national park, Kashmir, Himalaya

Assessment of edaphic features and herbaceous diversity was evaluated in two different sites (Site I, forest) and (Site II, pastureland) in the lower Dachigam National Park of Kashmir, Himalaya. The study was done on seasonal basis and the results revealed higher trend for edaphic factors at Site I (moisture content, 31.22%; organic carbon, 4.33% and total nitrogen, 0.33%). However, soil temperature varied from (6 to...

Author(s): S. A. Shameem, N. Irfana  Kangroo and G. A. Bhat

  • Article Number: D697CCD9823

June 2011

Evaluation of the antifungal effects of rosemary oil and comparison with synthetic borneol and fungicide on the growth of Aspergillus flavus

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) with more than 240 active pharmacological and nutritional compounds is important from the botanical point of view. Pharmacological studies show the antifungal properties of Rosemary plant. The essential oil analyses of the aerial parts of rosemary collected from Kerman province were obtained using gas chromatography and gas chromatography mass spectrometry. The study of...

Author(s): M. Moghtader, H. Salari and A. Farahmand

  • Article Number: 7FE3B079864

June 2011

A preliminary study of arthropod associated with carrion in Yaounde, Cameroon: A first step in forensic entomology in Central Africa

The first investigation of arthropods associated with carrion in Cameroon was carried out within the campus of the University of Yaounde I (Cameroon) from 17thJanuary, to 3rd April, 2006. Carcasses of rats (Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout, 1769 var WISTAR)were exposed for colonization by the local fauna of arthropods. The visiting and colonizing arthropods were collected daily during the study periods. 1980...

Author(s): Feugang Youmessi Francis Dupont, Djieto-Lordon Champlain, Ateba  Awona  Jean Cyrille and Bilong Bilong Charles Félix

  • Article Number: 98742FA9877

May 2011

Microbiological quality of an edible caterpillar of an emperor moth, Bunaea alcinoe

An investigation into the microbiological status of processed caterpillar of a lepidopteran,Bunaea alcinoe revealed the presence of six genera of bacteria and three genera of moulds including one species of yeast. The microbial population of 4.49 × 107 (bacteria) and 9.5 × 106 (fungi) indicates contamination of the product. Pseudomonas aeruginosaand Proteus mirabilis are food...

Author(s): W. Braide., S. Oranusi, L. I. Udegbunam, C. Akobondu and R. N. Nwaoguikpe

  • Article Number: A565CDE9753

May 2011

Ecological estimation of forest soils in Azerbaijan

While afforestation is relevant in the study of the ecological state of forest soil, analyses of the soil samples and valuation of the soil types to obtain final yield class is important. Within the National State Afforestation Program, as the research object, the south-east slope of the big Caucasus has been chosen for checking up soils under woodland and woodless areas. After having taken soil samples in this zone,...

Author(s): Ulviyya Mammadova

  • Article Number: 0DE5F459761

May 2011

The influence of grass biomass production on hippopotamus population density distribution along the Luangwa River in Zambia

Hippopotamus is a selective nocturnal grazer consuming 50 kg of grass. Due to its large body size, it requires large areas of grass often exceeding 5 hectares within 2-5 km of the water body to maintain good body condition. In this study, hippo population size and density, grass biomass and grazing capacity were assessed in March 2008 along a 165 km stretch of the Luangwa River. The study area was subdivided into study...

Author(s): Wilbroad Chansa, Ramadhan Senzota, Harry Chabwela and Vincent Nyirenda

  • Article Number: 3B1B73D9771

May 2011

Relationship between the status of arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization in the roots and heavy metal and flavonoid contents in the leaves of Juniperus procera

In the southern region of Saudi Arabia, junipers forest faces the risk of deterioration because of their low regeneration capacity. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are known to confer some protection against the various environmental stresses that may affect the regeneration process. This field study was carried out in the junipers forest to evaluate the relationship between the presence of AMF in the roots and the...

Author(s): Amal Ahmed Mohammed AL-Ghamdi, Hasnah Mohd. Jais and Aisha Khogali

April 2011

Threats and conservation strategies for the African cherry (Prunus africana) in its natural range- A review

The world’s Prunus africana bark demand used to be satisfied by exports, approximately 4000 tonnes per year from a few African countries, led by Cameroon exporting 62%, Madagascar, 20% and Uganda and Equatorial Guinea, 7% each. This coupled with unsustainable bark harvesting methods created pressure on the natural resource which suffered population decline and resulted in the species listing in Appendix...

Author(s): Luke Jimu

  • Article Number: 0BA55AA9620

April 2011

Sustainable land management in Zaria using Remote Sensing and GIS techniques

The need for effective planning and disaster prevention is the main reason for real time data generation   provided by Remote Sensing and GIS. Zaria is fast becoming more unplanned due to increase in population and the consequent human influence leading to high rate of land use-land cover change. This study therefore looks into changes in land use-land cover between 1985 and 2005 with a view to providing...

Author(s): I. I. Abbas and Y. A. Arigbede

  • Article Number: 9550CD49636

April 2011

Nutrients movement characteristic in terrace sawah occupied by cascade irrigation system in West Sumatra, Indonesia

West Sumatra is one of Indonesian rice bowl. The landscape of this province dominated by mountainous area with beautiful terrace sawah lied from the middle slope to the lowland. The most common rice cultivation management in this area is application of cascade irrigation system with blanked amount of chemical fertilizer application. This study intends to figure out, whether this kind of sawah management sustains are...

Author(s): Darmawan Darma, Syafrimen Yasin and Tsugiyuki Masunaga

  • Article Number: 4F565629666

March 2011

Preliminary study of the changes in water temperature at pond Cibuntu

Water temperature is one of the important parameters in the aquatic systems, and it remains an interesting subject of world-wide environmental research. The objective of this study is to identify the parameters of hydrological, meteorological and topological that influence water temperature and its change at pond Cibuntu based on data from April 2008 to April 2009. In addition, the analysis of changes in water...

Author(s): Luki Subehi and M. Fakhrudin

  • Article Number: 4A3AB606014

March 2011

Composting certain agricultural residues to potting soils

Four agricultural residues namely, sheath of peanut pods, flax shivers, red sawdust and white sawdust, were composted with different amendments for four months under greenhouse and field conditions. Results emphasized that composting proceeded at different rates and was principally influenced by the type of residues and/or added amendments. Initial bio-fortification of residues with cellulose decomposing microorganisms,...

Author(s): M. Saber, Z. Mohammed, S. Badr-el-Din and N. Awad

  • Article Number: 51D3B126023

March 2011

Distribution and abundance of the cyanobacterium Richelia intracellularis in the coastal waters of Tanzania

The filamentous heterocystous cyanobacterium, Richelia intracellularis Schmidt have been suggested to be among the most important nitrogen fixing cyanobacteria in tropical and subtropical waters, but they are less studied in the tropical Western Indian Ocean waters. The spatial and temporal distribution of this cyanobacterium was studied in the coastal waters of Zanzibar and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania....

Author(s): Lyimo, Thomas J.

  • Article Number: 706FFB16047

March 2011

Structural characterization of the woody plants in restinga of Brazil

The structure of the woody component of in restinga (tropical coastal vegetation) of Brazil was surveyed in order to describe and examine the relationship between community structure, water table, and soil nutrients. The survey was undertaken between January and March 2005 in an area with a forest physiognomy, employing the point-center quarter method with 100 sampling points. Soil samples were collected for...

Author(s): Eduardo Bezerra de Almeida Jr, Francisco Soares Santos-Filho, Elcida de Lima Araújo and Carmen Sílvia Zickel

  • Article Number: 1C5F0B46054

March 2011

Medicinal plants used in traditional treatment of malaria in Cameroon

In order to fight against malaria in Cameroon, an ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants was conducted in the town of Maroua, Far North Region of Cameroon from 5th to 30th December 2009 with 800 persons. The survey results revealed that 49 medicinal plants species belonging to 27 families were identified in the fight against malaria. The Cesalpiniaceae family is the most exploited for treatment of malaria. The locals...

Author(s): Saotoing Pierre, VroumsiaToua, Tchobsala, Tchuenguem Fohouo Fernand-N, Njan Nloga Alexandre-Michel and Messi Jean

  • Article Number: 5E8F71C6080

February 2011

Ecologically important and life supporting plants of little Rann of Kachchh, Gujarat

Since historic times, human beings were basically in need of plants for satisfying their daily requirements like food, shelter, clothes and medicine. Due to close relationship with environment they established a distinctive system of knowledge concerning the utilization of plants. The human and animal life depends on the life supporting plant species surrounding the area. It has now become a concern of the modern world...

Author(s): Kalpesh Ishnava, V. Ramarao, J. S. S. Mohan and I. L. Kothari

  • Article Number: 266D99D5947

February 2011

Macroinvertebrates’ community structure in Rivers Kipkaren and Sosiani, River Nzoia basin, Kenya

Benthic macroinvertebrates from Rivers Kipkaren and Sosiani in the upper reaches of River Nzoia basin, Kenya, were sampled semi-quantitatively monthly from December 2006 to May 2007 using a 0.5 mm mesh size scoop net in the riffles, pools and runs. Seven sampling sites were selected on the areas of the rivers along a longitudinal gradient in relation to anthropogenic impact. Physico-chemical parameters were...

Author(s): Christopher Mulanda Aura,  Phillip Okoth  Raburu and Jan Herrmann

  • Article Number: 71CA50F5952

February 2011

Physicochemical gradients and in situ yields in pelagial primary production of the middle reaches of Imo River in Etche, South-eastern Nigeria

We investigated seasonal variations and influences of some physicochemical attributes of the Southeastern-Nigeria Imo River on the primary productivity at its middle course between March 2007 and February 2008. In situ determinations of water temperature, pH, turbidity, and dissolved oxygen (DO) were made with HORIBA U-10 water quality checker at 7 sampling locations and water samples collected in 500 mL...

Author(s): Dike Henry Ogbuagu, Ngozi A. C. Chukwuocha, Chidiogo Grace Okoli and Roseline Feechi Njoku-Tony

  • Article Number: F3EC2A65964

February 2011

Concentrations of heavy metals in soil and water receiving used engine oil in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

The concentrations of heavy metals (Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) in soils and water receiving used engine oil were investigated. Soil and water samples were collected at discharge and control points at each study site. The heavy metals were analyzed using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The results show that about 80% of used engine oil was disposed of directly into the environment and 20% was recycled via use in civil works....

Author(s): A. G. Warmate, T. J. K. Ideriah, I. T. Tamunobereton A. R. I., U. E. Udonam Inyang and T. Ibaraye

  • Article Number: F3D49E45971

January 2011

Urban expansion and vegetal cover loss in and around Nigeria’s Federal Capital City

Since Abuja became Nigeria’s Federal Capital Territory in 1976; it has been experiencing rapid expansion, urbanization and significant changes in its physical landscape. This study used Remote sensing and GIS techniques to identify, mark and measure the extent of change in the various land uses from the Landsat imageries of 1987 and 2001, and Nigeriasat-1 imagery of 2006. The study...

Author(s): Ujoh Fanan, Kwabe Isa Dlama and Ifatimehin Olarewaju Oluseyi

  • Article Number: CE94A3B5892

January 2011

Impact of Lantana camara L. invasion on riparian vegetation of Nayar region in Garhwal Himalayas (Uttarakhand, India)

Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae), an exotic from tropical America, has invaded vast areas of forests surrounding Nayar River in Garhwal Himalayas (Uttarakhand, India). Several factors like high reproductive potential, absence of preferred predators, evergreen nature and sufficient moisture provided by river water favour extraordinary growth of L. camara in this area. In this study, the impact of L....

Author(s): Parveen Kumar Dobhal, Ravinder Kumar Kohli and Daizy Rani Batish

  • Article Number: 0CFC2845902

January 2011

Insecticidal action of hexane extracts of three plants against bean weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) and maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais motsch

A study was conducted to evaluate the insecticidal action of hexane extracts of three locally available plants namely: Lantana camara (Verbenaceae), African nutmeg [Monodora myristica (Gaerth) Dunal] and Enuopiri [Euphorbia lateriflora, Schum and Thonner] against bean weevil Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) and maize weevil,Sitophilus zeamais) Motsch with response to the...

Author(s): O. O. Ogunsina, M. O. Oladimeji and L. Lajide

  • Article Number: CDE3F495910

January 2011

Soil micro-arthropods in a secondary rainforest, Rivers State, Nigeria: Ecosystem health indicators of oil pollution

Comparisons were made of the species richness and densities of soil micro-arthropods- (mites, collembolans) from a relatively undisturbed secondary forest and a nearby area, where there had been an oil spill, approximately 1 year before the commencement of the 2 year study, May, 2007 to April, 2009. Soil samples were taken monthly with an 8.5 cm diameter bucket-type auger. Extraction was by the Berlese-Tullgren funnel....

Author(s): Samuel Okiwelu , Gbarakoro Tambeke and Badejo Adetola

  • Article Number: B1C3CE55928

January 2011

Estimation of conidial concentration of freshwater Hyphomycetes in two streams flowing at different altitudes of Kumaun Himalaya

Freshwater Hyphomycetes commonly occurs in all types of natural freshwater streams and form one of the most important components of freshwater ecosystem as decomposers. They produce tremendous conidia in submerged condition. In the present study, concentration of these fungi in per unit volume of water in two freshwater streams situated at different altitudes viz., Ratighat (1200 m asl) and Vinayak (1500 m asl) was...

Author(s): Pratibha Arya and S. C. Sati

  • Article Number: D2EEA9110407

January 2011

Spatial assessment of farmers’ cooperative organizations in agricultural development in Gurara area of Niger State, Nigeria

The cooperative organizations among farmers are viewed as contributory forces towards growth and development of Agricultural production in recent times. The cardinal objective was to assess such elements that enhance their performance. Both primary and secondary data were used for the study. The primary data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire administered among 60 different registered farmers’...

Author(s): Adefila, J. O.

December 2010

The role of the Miombo Woodlands of the Southern Highlands of Tanzania as carbon sink

Inventory and monitoring of existing carbon pools in ecosystems is important for establishment of baselines for Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) as well as understanding the global carbon budget. We used tree dimensions to quantify the carbon pools of two sites in Miombo woodlands of the Southern Highlands of Tanzania. Mean above ground carbon density of the Miombo ecosystem was 19.2t...

Author(s): P. K. T. Munishi, S. Mringi, D. D. Shirima and S. K. Linda

  • Article Number: FA09DAC3873

December 2010

When ecological functions are more important than richness: A conservation approach

In this work, we utilize the assessment of functional groups (FG) and functional diversity (FD) to evaluate and compare the ecological functions of two types of dry forest of South Eastern Brazil. Hence, we hypothesized that forests with different species richness could have similar FD and FG, but distinct ecological functions. The floristic composition from two physiognomies (deciduous and semideciduous forests) of six...

Author(s): Vagner Santiago do Vale, Ivan Schiavini, Ana Paula de Oliveira and André Eduardo Gusson

  • Article Number: 1923DB73903

December 2010

New report from presence and distribution of Allactaga firouzi in Iran

The Iranian jerboa Allactaga firouzi (Womochel, 1978) is one of the rarest rodent species in the world and it has been reported exclusively from a single site in central Iran. Due to the lack of enough information on the ecology of this species, its conservation status was changed to “Data Deficient” category in late 2008. No additional data on A. firouzi was published since its first...

Author(s): Saeed Mohammadi and Gholamreza Naderi

  • Article Number: F7AAB313912

November 2010

Resuspension of sediment as a method for managing shallow eutrophic lagoons

The article sets out to demonstrate that resuspension of sediment could be used to counteract the consequences of eutrophication and to manage degraded coastal lagoons subject to frequent periodic dystrophic processes.  This is done by a general review of the literature on resuspension of sediment, focusing on its effects in shallow eutrophic lagoons and the results of specific research recently conducted by the...

Author(s): Mauro Lenzi

  • Article Number: 180F4563819

November 2010

Impact of wood cuts on the structure and floristic diversity of vegetation in the peri-urban zone of Ngaoundere, Cameroon

The main objective of this paper was to study the impact of various wood cuts on the structure and the floristic diversity of the savannas, and to seek for durable solutions against deforestation during a four year investigation. An inventory of the woody layer on 120 sites areas of 50 × 50 m showed that savannas have structures in "L". This structure translate the state of the degradation of...

Author(s): Tchobsala  , Amougou Akoa and Mbolo Marie

  • Article Number: 394A11E3835

November 2010

Adaptive success index: A criterion for identifying most important species

This article introduces the Adaptive Success Index (ASI) as a criterion for deciding which species are actually important in a given list of species either based on the Importance Value Index (IVI) or on the Cover Value Index (CVI).   Key words: Adaptive Success Index (ASI), Importance Value Index (IVI), Cover Value Index (CVI).

Author(s): Diogo S. B. Rocha, Leilton S. Damascena and Flávio França

  • Article Number: 62AEF973848

October 2010

History of river channel modifications - A review

Many river basins have witnessed episodes of modifications and shifts in its courses in the geological past. The study of these aspects can be regarded as part of a trend towards the understanding and explanation rather than depiction of how rivers adjust, under varied terrains of landform behaviour. The methodological appraisals that arise from such intensive research are illustrated in this paper using a detailed...

Author(s): Mohammed-Aslam M. A and A. Balasubramanian

  • Article Number: D1392983771

October 2010

Towards sustainable management of natural resources in the Mara river basin XE "Mara River Basin" in Northeast Tanzania

Lack of coordination among sectors and institutions is among factors that results in ineffective management of natural resources in most basins in east Africa including Tanzania XE "natural resources" . In many cases, this has reported to be the most factor contributing  to natural resources degradation and conflicts between societies. This paper presents findings on different factors affecting...

Author(s): Majule, A. E.

  • Article Number: 28801D43790

October 2010

Effect of cement dust pollution on the vascular cambium of Juglans regia (L.)

Woody trees increase in girth by the activity of meristematic tissue called vascular cambium. The vascular cambium comprises fusiform and ray initials, which give rise to vertically oriented elements that is, vessels, fibers, tracheids etc. and horizontally oriented elements that is, rays. The present study reveals that there is reduction in dimensions and proportions of fusiform and ray initials in Juglans...

Author(s): Bilal Ahmad Wani and Amina Khan

  • Article Number: 53770133801

September 2010

Alien plant invasion and their impact on indigenous species diversity at global scale: A review

Plant invasion is a potent threat to the species diversity around the world during the 21stcentury after habitat loss. Plant invasions are human introduced or of natural means like winds, birds, animals, water. It affects indigenous species diversity, soil ecology and dynamics and economics of agricultural ecosystem throughout the world.  If this process of biological invasion is remained continuous for years to...

Author(s): Kuldip S. Dogra, Sarvesh K. Sood, Parveen K. Dobhal and Seema Sharma

  • Article Number: 052AE4C3677

September 2010

Harvesting and marketing of Gnetum species (Engl) in Cameroon and Nigeria

The harvesting and marketing of Gnetum africanum and Gnetum bucholzianum (Engl), a major Non-Timber Forest Product (NTFP) in West and Central Africa, was carried out between 2002 - 2008, with the objective of examining the production and marketing ofGnetum species and their economic contributions to the economies of Cameroon and Nigeria and that of West and Central Africa at large. Besides...

Author(s): Nkwatoh Athanasius Fuashi, Labode Popoola, Iyassa Sabastine Mosua, Nkwatoh Ferdinand Wehmbazeyi, Ndumbe Njie Louis and Ewane Marcus Elah  

  • Article Number: 1D63BC03715

September 2010

Ecology and behavior of the estuarine dolphin, Sotalia guianensis (Cetacea: Delphinidae), in Sepetiba Bay, South-eastern Brazil

The dynamics of habitat utilization by Sotalia guianensis has been investigated. Between January 1997 and May 1998, 145 h of direct observations were made from a fixed location at Ponta do Zumbi on Marambaia Island, and 249 groups of dolphins were sighted. Initial and final times of the observation, approximate location, presence of calves, activities performed by the dolphins and prevailing weather conditions were...

Author(s): Mariana Freitas Nery, Sheila Marino Simão and Tereza Pereira

  • Article Number: A7D4EDE3731

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