Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009

JENE Articles

November 2018

Gadzama ecological preference by Anopheles gambiae complex (Diptera: Culicidae) in small natural microcosms in Maiduguri, Borno State, Arid Zone of North-E astern Nigeria

A study on ecological preference of breeding sites of Anopheles gambiae compared to other mosquito species were carried out in small natural microcosms. A total of sixteen small ponds, four each from North, South, East and West of Maiduguri Metropolitan were surveyed for the breeding and non-breeding sites for mosquitoes. In each pond mosquito larvae samples were collected by dip method after identifying species by...

Author(s): Usman N. Gadzama, Zakariya Dauda, Bitrus Duhu, Comfort B. Thliza and Shamsiyya S. Mahammad  

November 2018

Influence of land use and land cover changes on ecosystem services in the Bilate Alaba Sub-watershed, Southern Ethiopia

Human well-being was obsessed with the natural scheme that provides various functions vital to support management at various levels. Land use/ land cover (LULC) dynamics over 45 years within four intervals (1972, 1986, 2008, and 2017) to evaluate its influence on ecosystem services. Geographic information system (GIS) and global value of coefficients’ database together with LULC dynamics were used to determine...

Author(s): Markos Mathewos Godebo, Mihret Dananto Ulsido, Teklu Erkossa Jijo and Getachew Mulugeta Geleto

November 2018

Floristic and structural traits of tree vegetation in three sites with different level of disturbance in dense humid forest of Cameroon

This study characterizes the floristic and structural traits of trees in three sites of rainforest of Cameroon. The sites were exposed to different intensities of disturbances: Mangombe, highly and frequently disturbed; Bidou, moderately disturbed and Campo, undisturbed. Data collection were carried in a disposive comprising 65 plots of 20 m × 20 m randomly installed in each site for inventory, identification and...

Author(s): Jules Romain Ngueguim, Marie Caroline Momo Solefack and Jean Lagarde Betti

October 2018

Vulnerability assessment of Gnidia glauca (Thymelaeaceae) exploitation, traditional uses and domestication potential in the community forest of Kilum-Ijim, North Western Cameroon

A study was conducted in the western highland region of Cameroon with the aim to assess sustainability of Gnidia glauca exploitation in its natural habitat. In 33 plots of 40 x 40 m, the unexploited, exploited and dead trees were evaluated for vitality using a multi-criteria vulnerability assessment method. An ethnobotanical survey was conducted with 60 respondents in six villages around Mount Oku area. Data were...

Author(s): Marie Louise AVANA-TIENTCHEU, Marie Caroline MOMO SOLEFACK,  Yanick Borel KAMGA and Victor Francois NGUETSOP  

October 2018

Understorey birds’ nests predation in afrotropical forest ecosystem: A case study of Korup area, Cameroon

Worldwide understorey nesting bird species such as bulbuls can also be highly vulnerable to nest predation in disturbed landscapes because they breed mainly on the lower stage of the forest. We test the following hypotheses: the transformation of forests into alternative land use systems and the vegetation’s variables at the nesting sites will affect the understorey nest predation rates. The nests of 12...

Author(s): Jean Tonleu, Kadiri Serge Bobo, Wamba Ducelier Djoumessi and Mpoame Mbida

October 2018

Litterfall, litter standing crops and nutrient dynamics as influenced by selective logging in tropical rainforest of Ebom, Southwest Cameroon

Litterfall, litter standing crops, nutrient dynamics and their turnover were studied in Ebom tropical rainforest of Cameroon six years after selective logging practices. Two sample sites, one in the logging part of the forest (disturbed site) and the other in the part of forest not affected by selective logging (undisturbed site) were used for the study. After two years of field experiment, the mean annual of litterfall...

Author(s): A. Ibrahima, J. C. Ntonga and A. D. Mvondo Ze

September 2018

Land cover changes and their determinants in the coral rag ecosystem of the South District of Unguja, Zanzibar

This paper presents the findings on the study on land cover changes and their determinants in the coral rag ecosystem of the South District of Unguja. The study is based on data extracted from the 1975, 2009, and 2014 satellite images using remote sensing and geographical information systems (GIS) techniques. Additional data were collected through structured interviews in a household survey, focus group discussions, key...

Author(s): Mohamed K. Said and Salome B. Misana  

September 2018

Governance of river basin: Gender dimension in framing issues at the local community level

Rivers are a vital part of the environment as they act as habitat for several life forms, of which the well-being of many livelihoods depends for survival. Yet, the misuse of river basins in most parts of the world particularly developing countries has intensified dramatically. Appling the concept of “framing” we attempted to understand how gendered perspectives play a role in the governance of a river basin...

Author(s): Agro, P. P. and Agyeman, Y. B.  

September 2018

Structure and natural regeneration of woody species at central highlands of Ethiopia

The management of regeneration plays a vital role in sustainable forest practice by ensuring the future growing carbon stock and serving as an indicator of the forest condition of an area. In premises of the above-mentioned facts, the current study was conducted to investigate the population structure and regeneration status of woody species as an indicator for forest condition and to provide information on...

Author(s): Mammo Siraj, and Kebin Zhang  

September 2018

Effect of cocoa farming intensification on biodiversity and ecosystem properties in southern Ghana

We investigated the effect of cocoa farming on biodiversity and ecosystem services under different cocoa management systems. The study was carried out in three cocoa producing districts in southwestern Ghana using Y-frame sampling scheme. Five 25 m × 25 m size plots were demarcated at 100 m intervals along in the cocoa farms and the natural forest reserves. Fifteen plots were demarcated in the cocoa farms per...

Author(s): Daniel A. Tetteh, Alex Asase , Kwesi Ofori-Frimpong and Daniel Attuquayefio  

August 2018

Wetland ecosystems in Ethiopia and their implications in ecotourism and biodiversity conservation

Wetlands are ecosystems in which water covers the land. They provide economical, ecological, societal and recreational benefits to humans. Although complete documentation is lacking, wetlands make a significant part of Ethiopia covering an area of 13,700 km2. Wetlands with a great potential for ecotourism development in the country include the rift valley lakes, the floodplains in Gambella, the Awash River Gorge with...

Author(s): Israel Petros Menbere and Timar Petros Menbere  

August 2018

The role of indigenous technical knowledge and geographical information systems (GIS) in sustainable natural resource management around the Teso Community in Kenya

There is a growing awareness on the importance of indigenous technical knowledge and the necessity of its integration into modern knowledge in order to address problems related to natural resource conservation. However, there is a lack of study that demonstrates clearly how the two types of knowledge systems could be successfully integrated together. This paper presents such a framework that has been developed through a...

Author(s): Dominics Dan Ayaa and John Kapoi Kipterer  

August 2018

Patterns of short- and long-term responses of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colony to changes in its internal environment

Management of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colony for honey production and pollination of crops includes the manipulation of its internal environment. It is not yet understood how the colony might respond to such manipulations in the short- (within four or five days post-treatment) and long-term (after 21 days post-treatment) and whether the once generated short-term response persists into the long-term. Five...

Author(s): Ram Chander Sihag and  Gurminder Kaur  

July 2018

Population status, feeding ecology and activity pattern of common bushbuck (Tragelaphus Scriptus decula) in Sekele Mariam Forest, West Gojjam, Ethiopia

A study on the population status, feeding ecology and activity pattern of common bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus decula) was carried out in the Sekele Mariam Forest from December 2016 to August 2017 including wet and dry seasons. Data were collected using total count and direct observation method. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and compared with Chi-square test and one way ANOVA. Average...

Author(s): Wubie Bayih and Mesele Yihune  

May 2018

Woody species composition and structure of Amoro Forest in West Gojjam Zone, North Western Ethiopia

Ethiopia is one of the biodiversity reach areas in the world. A study was conducted at Amoro Forest to determine the woody species composition, vegetation and population structure. Vegetation data were collected from 36 plots (900 m2) systematically laid along transects. A hierarchical cluster analysis with R software was used to identify plant communities. Structural analysis of the forest was performed based on...

Author(s): Liyew Birhanu, Tamrat Bekele and Sebsebe Demissew

May 2018

Identification of the alternate host plants of the groundnut sucking bug (Rhyparochromus littoralis Dist.) in the Sudan savannah agro-ecological zone of Nigeria

To identify the alternate host plants of the groundnut sucking bug (Rhyparochromus littoralis Dist.) an emerging field insect pest of groundnut in the Sudan Savannah Agro-ecological zone of Nigeria, field experiment was carried out over a period of five (5) years (2011 to 2016) in order to investigate the behavior of R. littoralis with the aim of developing a strategic control method for this insect pest.  The...

Author(s): Samaila, A. E., Malgwi, A. M. and Degri, M. M.

April 2018

Mycorrhizal status of some indigenous tree species in the Takamanda rainforest, South West Region, Cameroon

A survey was carried out to determine the type of mycorrhizal association formed by trees within the different habitat types of the disturbed and undisturbed sites of the Takamanda rainforest. Forty-eight tree species of commercial and cultural importance were selected from the two sites for this study. Root samples were collected from a total of 327 individual trees belonging to the 48 species; they were cleared,...

Author(s): Eneke Esoeyang Tambe Bechem, Njoh Roland Ndah, and Egbe Enow Andrew  

February 2018

Vegetation studies of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) at three sites with varying levels of anthropogenic disturbances in the Southern Bakundu Forest Reserve, Cameroon

A study was carried out to evaluate the distribution, abundance and diversity of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) in the Southern Bakundu Forest Reserve at the northern (Diffa), western (Bai Manya) and eastern (Mbalangi) parts of the reserve. NTFPs can be used as source of food, medicine, fuel wood and other socio-economic and cultural uses. Six belt-transects were use at each site to assess the distribution,...

Author(s): Egbe E. A. and Tsamoh T. T.  

February 2018

Species composition and relative abundance of medium and large mammals in Mengaza communal forest, East Gojjam, Ethiopia

Studies on the species composition, relative abundance and distribution of medium and large mammals were carried out from August 2015 to July 2016 in Mengaza communal forest. Data were collected using line transect technique. A total of twelve species of medium and large mammals were identified and recorded in the study area. Rock hyrax (Procavia capensis), porcupine (Hystrix cristata), honey badger (Mellivera...

Author(s): Getachew Atnafu and Mesele Yihune  

January 2018

Determinants of vegetation type patch dieback in a semi-arid area, Tutume Sub-District, Botswana

Patch dieback of Colophospermum mopane (Kirk ex Benth.) Kirk ex J. Léonard, which was attributed to drought, soil surface condition and soil chemistry has been reported in South Africa. In Botswana, dieback of C. mopane and other species were noticed in 2012 in the North east part of the country (North West of Francistown). The causes of the noticed dieback were not known. The objective of this study was to...

Author(s): Rabson Nthata and Shimane W. Makhabu

January 2018

Litterfall dynamics in Boter-Becho Forest: Moist evergreen montane forest of Southwestern Ethiopia

Litterfall in the forest is essential for balanced ecosystem processes. The present study determined seasonal variations of litterfall in the Boter-Becho forest, Southwestern Ethiopia. Based on forest disturbance level, two sites were selected: Low and high. Litterfall production in the high and low disturbed forest sites averaged 6.6 and 10.8 t ha-1 year-1, respectively. Significant differences (P<0.001) in...

Author(s): Talemos Seta, Sebsebe Demissew and Zerihun Woldu

December 2017

Assessing the impact of seasonality on Cross River Gorilla Nest Construction at Kagwene Gorilla Sanctuary, North-West Cameroon

The Cross River gorilla, one of the most endangered subspecies of western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) is endemic to 12 to 14 sites at the Cameroon-Nigeria border, where it is facing enormous threats from habitat loss, bush meat trade and minor climate changes (seasonal changes). In a strive to reduce the enormous stressors on this subspecies, this study assesses the impact of seasonality on nest construction by Cross...

Author(s): Nkwatoh Athanasius Fuashi, Akenji Lesly Nji, Melle Maurice Ekane, Andrew Fowler and Romanus Ikfuingei

November 2017

Socioeconomic Factors that determine community participation in forest management and conservation of adjacent ecosystems: A case of Aberdare forest, Kenya

Forest ecosystems are important to ecological, economic and social wellbeing, particularly for the adjacent communities who depend on it. Understanding the socioeconomic dynamics that make households choice to be involved in forest conservation is crucial for sustainable management of natural resources. This study therefore examined the socioeconomic factors that influenced households’ participation in forest...

Author(s): Elizabeth W. Wambugu, Gilbert Obati Obwoyere and Bernard K. Kirui

September 2017

Assessing and mapping ecosystem services of trees outside forest

The overall objective of the study was to map trees outside forest (TOF) in croplands, and their contribution to the supply of ecosystem services for local and national beneficiaries using participatory research, Google Earth and ArcMap in Ghana, as the case study area. A satellite image available from Google Earth was used to map croplands, and ArcMap was used to calculate the local and national ecosystem service...

Author(s): Tuemay Tassew

August 2017

Fuel wood utilization impacts on forest resources of Gechi District, South Western Ethiopia

Fuel wood remains the main energy source for the majority of the people in Gechi District of South Western Ethiopia. As compared to the situation in the past, the forest cover is now generally very sparse in the densely populated areas where rapid rates of deforestation and forest degradation have occurred due to the heavy demand on forest products, mainly fuel wood. Therefore, this study was conducted with the...

Author(s): Berhanu Niguse Feyisa, Debela Hunde Feyssa and Dereje Bekele Jiru

July 2017

Comparison of waterbird species composition and habitat characteristics of two different wetlands of Malaysia

Waterbird species composition and habitat characteristics at two ecologically different wetlands (Paya Indah and Putrajaya) were compared in order to determine the habitat suitability of each particular habitat for waterbird species. A total of 30 waterbird species representing 10 families were recorded through direct observation in both wetland habitats (26 waterbird species in Paya Indah and 22 species in Putrajaya...

Author(s): Abdoul Baset Hassen-Aboushiba

July 2017

Regional Glacier recession: An indicator of global warming, a study of Kolahoi Glacier (Liddar Valley), Western Himalayas

Since the beginning of twentieth century, mountain glaciers have generally experienced worldwide retreat and thinning in response to ~0.74°C increase in global mean surface temperature. Consequently, additional fresh water is released from glacier storage that modifies current stream flow regimes. Water resources play a key role in the sustainable development of human activities and for preserving the ecological...

Author(s): A. A. Shah, T. A. Kanth and H. Zahoor-Ul

June 2017

Deforestation, biodiversity and biomass losses in Kribi deep sea port area (Cameroon): Some mitigating measures

This study is part of the environmental impact assessment realised in the deep sea port area of Kribi. Floristic inventory and diversity assessments were necessary to understand the species composition and diversity status of forests, trees biomass and investigate the potential impact of the project. Floristic analysis shows a high Shannon diversity index (5.3), indicating a rich and diverse flora composed of 83...

Author(s): Ngueguim Jules Romain, Betti Jean Lagarde, Dicka Kwambe Emmanuel Momo Solefack Marie Caroline and Temgoua Lucie Félicité 

June 2017

Managing mangroves for coastal ecosystems change: A decade and beyond of conservation experiences and lessons for and from west-central Africa

Unsustainable human activities and climate change are threatening the sustainability of coastal ecosystems in countries of West-Central Africa. This paper advocates that focusing on mangrove ecosystem management can potentially mitigate these threats by pointing out clues on management orientations and opportunities for other coastal systems. This article elucidates this point by using evidence from informal interviews...

Author(s): Zebedee N. Feka and Isaac Morrison

May 2017

Environmental education and ecotourism using termitaria research findings: A case study of Pendjari reserve, Benin

 Findings are available on termitaria and their vegetation in the Pendjari Biosphere Reserve and other Sudanian regions in West Africa, but research without dissemination and impacts on communities seems not to be useful. This work aims at providing non-governmental organization (NGOs) and forestry advisers with useful data for environmental education projects and taking termitaria and their vegetation into account...

Author(s): Hubert Olivier Dossou-Yovo, Fifanou Gbelidji Vodouhe, Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo and Brice Sinsin

May 2017

Diversity and abundance of insect pests of corn (Zea mays Poaceae) grown in a rural environment in the city of M’Bahiakro (East Central Côte d’Ivoire)

Knowledge of the distribution of insect pests of corn at different stages of the plant is essential for the development of appropriate control strategies. This work was carried out in a rural environment in M’Bahiakro, in East Central Côte d’Ivoire. The study of dynamics, biodiversity and insect abundance on each plot was carried out. For this purpose, six plots, of which two were in the forest zone...

Author(s): OUALI-N’GORAN San-Whouly Mauricette, TRA Bi Crolaud Sylvain, MOUMOUNI Dan Mairo Adamou and TANO Yao,

April 2017

“Diet analysis of the African clawless otter (Aonyx capensis) in and around Lake Tana”

The diet composition of the African clawless otter (Aonyx capensis) was studied by analyzing of 440 spraint samples collected during January, 2014 and December, 2015 in both dry and wet seasons from eight sites in and around Lake Tana, North West Ethiopia. Percentage frequency of occurrence and relative percentage frequency of diet items in the spraint samples were calculated.The statistical analysis was conducted using...

Author(s): Engedasew Andarge, Tilaye Wube and Mundanthra Balakrishnan

April 2017

A survey on species diversity, abundance and community structure of woody plants in burial sites in Gobeya Rural Administrative of Tehuledere District, South Wollo, Ethiopia

Tropical forests generally host high biodiversity and are important sources of ecological, socio-cultural and economic services. There are also many sacred forests in many parts of the world, including burial sites in Gobeya rural administrative, having a significant ecological and socio-economic value. This study aims to quantify species diversity, abundance and vegetation structure, and also to determine the...

Author(s): Mohammed Adefa Seid and Giacomo Santini

March 2017

Ecological risk assessment of heavy metals and water bird distribution in rift valley lakes, Kenya

The study was carried out in six Kenyan rift valley lakes, Nakuru, Magadi, Oloiden, Crater (Sonachi), Bogoria and Elementaita with the aim  to determine the levels of heavy metals and other metal elements (Co, Mn, Zn, Cu, Cr, Cd, Pb, Ni, Hg and As) in water and sediment samples as well as assess its association with water bird distribution. High levels of Pb (42 ppm) above the Pb benchmark levels (36 ppm) as per...

Author(s): Barasa Mercy, James Mbaria, Gerald Muchemi, Francis Gakuya, Edward Kariuki and Wanyoike Wamiti

March 2017

Assessment of farmers’ perception towards soil and water conservation in Obi Koji Peasant Association, Woliso District, South West Shewa Ethiopia

The severity of erosion is one of the major factors which calls for various efforts to reduce unsustainable agricultural productivity. But the efforts were fails because of some factors like need of incentives, technology that needs too much labor, reduction of farm size and lack of awareness. The main purpose of this research was to determine the factors affecting farmer’s perception to make decision on soil and...

Author(s): Gebeyanesh Worku Zerssa, Bahilu Bezabih and Birhanu Dinkecha

February 2017

A review of Uganda and India’s freshwater aquaculture: Key practices and experience from each country

This paper reviews the current status of freshwater aquaculture in both India and Uganda. India has a long history of aquaculture, dating from the 4th century. Subsequently, the country has become a major contributor to global aquaculture and is believed to have more than 10% of the global fish diversity. Currently, India is the second largest aquaculture producer in the world with global contribution of 6.3% and the...

Author(s): N. kasozi, J. Rutaisire, S. Nandi and J. K. Sundaray

January 2017

Assessment of the abundance of Anubis baboons (Papio anubis) and conflict with humans in Trigni Forest of Gida Ayana District, Western Ethiopia

Among baboon species, Papio anu­bis is the most broadly dis­trib­uted species, rang­ing through most of cen­tral sub-Sa­ha­ran of Africa. Papio anubis live in troops but the size varies in different area. There are three troops of P. anubis in Trigni forest with 149 to 180 members in each troop. The objective was to assess the abundance of Anubis baboon (AB) and their conflict with humans...

Author(s): Tegegn Mosissa, Abebe Ameha and Tadesse Mosissa

December 2016

Ecological effects of oil spill on pelagic and bottom dwelling organisms in the riverine areas of Odidi and Egwa in Warri, Delta State

The ecological effects of oil spill on environmental media and organisms (pelagic, bottom dwelling organism) in the riverine areas of Odidi and Egwa in the Niger Delta ecological zone of Delta State was investigated approximately six months after the spill. The content of petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals (lead, copper, zinc, iron and chromium) in the water, sediment, fish (Clarias gariepinus) and snail...

Author(s): Doris Fovwe Ogeleka, Oghenekohwiroro Edjere, Angela Nwudu and Felix Ebodaghe Okieimen

November 2016

Avian species richness and diversity at the Dschang Municipal Lake, Cameroon: Implications of site management for conservation and ecotourism

This study was carried out to examine avian species richness and diversity at the Dschang Municipal Lake and to determine the effects of ecotourism infrastructural development on the avifauna distribution. The habitat around the lake was stratified into the undeveloped eastern part with natural/farm bush vegetation cover and the infrastructural developed western part with buildings and carpet grass lawns. A total of six...

Author(s): Simon A. Tamungang, Taku Awa II and Ngia G. Luchuo

October 2016

Population-based theories as an approach to natural resources management in developing countries: A narrative review of Machakos District in Kenya

Many human societies across the world have collapsed or almost gone into extinction because of the scarcity of natural resources. Others however, have survived by either migrating to seek for natural resources elsewhere or by transition and/or adaptation to new environmental conditions. This narrative review paper examines how a society of Machakos District in Kenya has managed to escape from a potential collapse driven...

Author(s): Ishmael Bobby Mphangwe Kosamu, Wouter T. de Groot , Ansley Kasambara, Chikumbusko Chiziwa Kaonga, Patrick S. Kambewa and Joseph Nagoli

October 2016

Comparison of plant communities between primary and secondary tropical forests of Mount Oku, Cameroon

Globally, human populations are rapidly converting large blocks of tropical old-growth forests into small forest patches, embedded within human-modified landscapes, consisting mostly of agricultural fields and pasture lands. Mount Oku commonly known as Kilum-Ijim, situated at the North-western Cameroon is recognized as a globally important center of endemism and a hotspot for biodiversity conservation but now undergoes...

Author(s): MOMO Solefack Marie Caroline, TEMGOUA Lucie Félicité, NGUEGUIM Jules Romain and NKONGMENECK Bernard-Aloys

October 2016

Floristic diversity of Vallikkaattu Kaavu, a sacred grove of Kozhikode, Kerala, India

Flora of Vallikkaattu Kaavu, a sacred grove of Kozhikode District, Kerala, India with their botanical name, family, conservation status, endemic status, medicinal status and habit has been presented in detail. This sacred grove associated with the Sree Vana Durga Bhagavathi Temple located 20 km north of Kozhikode at Edakkara in Thalakkalathur Panchayat, is the largest sacred grove in Kozhikode District with an extent of...

Author(s): Sreeja K. and Unni P. N.

September 2016

Effects of microhabitat and large-scale land use on stream salamander occupancy in the coalfields of Central Appalachia

Large-scale coal mining practices, particularly surface coal extraction and associated valley fills as well as residential wastewater discharge, are of ecological concern for aquatic systems in central Appalachia. Identifying and quantifying alterations to ecosystems along a gradient of spatial scales is a necessary first-step to aid in mitigation of negative consequences to aquatic biota. In central Appalachian...

Author(s): Sara E. Sweeten and W. Mark Ford

September 2016

Nest Characteristics for the Conservation of the Grey Parrot in Cameroon

The study was initiated to gather data on nest preferences of the Grey Parrot in Cameroon. Knowledge on nesting preferences of the parrot can be implemented in the field and captivity to improve on the breeding of Grey Parrots. The Kom National Park-Mengame Gorilla Sanctuary complex was chosen as a representative site in the country. A total of 40 sample plots of size 200 m x 200 m were randomly established and...

Author(s): Simon A. Tamungang, Ghislain P.  N. Kougoum and Alexis Teguia

August 2016

Implication of participatory forest management on Duru-Haitemba and Ufiome Forest reserves and community livelihoods

The fate of the forest is usually connected with forest management systems, societal demands as well as exposure to major disturbances such as wildfires, heavy browsing animals. Since the early 1990s, Tanzania have adopted participatory forest management (PFM) approaches, namely Community Based Forest Management (CBFM) and Joint forest management (JFM) to effectively and adequately protect the forests. In Manyara region...

Author(s): Naima A. M. Hersi and Richard Y. M. Kangalawe

July 2016

Phytoplankton diversity and abundance in water bodies as affected by anthropogenic activities within the Buea municipality, Cameroon

The importance of phytoplankton in fresh water environment cannot be over emphasized. This study was designed to determine the phytoplankton diversity and abundance in water bodies exposed to different anthropogenic pressures. Water samples were collected from 19 water sources in four categories: Car wash, Municipal wastes, Car wash + Municipal wastes and Drinking water. Phytoplankton species were determined following...

Author(s): Anyinkeng N., Afui M. Mih, Tening A. Suh and Che C. Awah

June 2016

Assessing contribution of local community in biodiversity conservation at Laharepauwa of Rasuwa, Nepal

The Tamang community is one of the poor groups living in Middle Mountain of Nepal. It pre-dominantly resides in Buffer Zone of Langtang National Park, located in north-central Nepal. The Buffer zones is areas of settlements and agriculture surrounding the core area set aside for wildlife habitats and rare flora. Access on buffer zone programs depends greatly on their representation on local institutions. There are three...

Author(s): R. Sherchan, K. Rijal and S. B. Bajracharya

May 2016

Bumpy road to improved mangrove resilience in the Douala Estuary, Cameroon

Mangrove stands in the Western and Central African countries especially that of Cameroon are declining due to diverse drivers. Actually, Rhizophora racemosa stands in the Cameroon Estuary have been degraded through over-exploitation for fish smoking, pole-wood extraction and fuel wood harvesting by local people in the midst where there is no specific law protecting this ecosystem. Recently, community-based mangrove...

Author(s): Jean-Hude, E. Moudingo, Gordon, N. Ajonina, Mbarga, A. Bindzi and Bertin N. Tchikangwa

May 2016

Assessment of types of damage and causes of human-wildlife conflict in Gera district, south western Ethiopia

Human-wildlife conflict (HWC) exists in different forms all over the world and is experienced more in developing countries. The conflict between human and wildlife ranks among the main threats to biodiversity conservation and has become frequent and severe in different parts of Africa. In the author s’ previous study, five species of wildlife were identified as the main crop raiding species in Gera, southwestern...

Author(s): Leta Gobosho Amaja, Debela Hunde Feyssa and Tariku Mekonnen Gutema

May 2016

Floristic composition and plant community types of Agama Forest, an “Afromontane Forest” in Southwest Ethiopia

Tropical Afromontane forests are among the most species-rich ecosystems on earth and comprise exceptional species richness and high concentrations of endemic species. The natural forest of Agama, an Afromontane forest, was studied with the objectives of determining its species composition, diversity and community types. Systematic sampling design was used to collect vegetation data. Soil samples were taken from each...

Author(s): Admassu Addi, Teshome Soromessa, Ensermu Kelbessa, Abyot Dibaba and Alemayehu Kefalew

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