Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 368

JENE Articles

Fine-scale spatial distribution of biomass using satellite images

February 2014

Spatial information on the distribution of biomass is an important issue for monitoring and managing the environment. It is a prerequisite for successful forest fire management and for predicting fire intensity and fire behaviour, but estimates of biomass are time consuming and expensive and need to be done depending on size classes. We propose a method that takes into account the contemporary use of an allometric...

Author(s): E. Santi, C. Tarantino, V. Amici, G. Bacaro, P. Blonda, L. Borselli, M. Rossi, S. Tozzi and D. Torri

Differential Resource allocation of black mustard plants (Brassica nigra L.) with proximity to black walnut trees (Juglans californica L.) in a Southern California Riparian ecosystem

February 2014

The invasive forb Brassica nigra (black mustard) and the native tree Juglans californica (black walnut) are allelopathic species that suppress the growth of neighboring plants. This study evaluates how allocation to root, reproductive, and photosynthetic biomass in B. nigra was affected with proximity to J. californica.  We hypothesized that a joint suppressive effect would lead to lower root biomass allocation in...

Author(s): Matt Cronrod, Kellyanne Gold, and Víctor D. Carmona-Galindo

Assessment of water quality of traditionally protected and unprotected rivers, streams and ponds in the Niger Delta, Nigeria

January 2014

Water quality of some traditionally protected water bodies (Obi Pond, Abua Lake, Usede Lake, Atochi Stream and River Ethiope (Source) and unprotected water bodies (Ame-Oghene Pond, Oguta Lake, Omoku Pond, Tenmako Lake and Ikarama Lake) that commonly serve for domestic and drinking purposes in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria have been studied. The purpose of this study was to compare the water quality of traditionally...

Author(s): A. Rim-Rukeh and G. Irerhievwie

The impact of water quality on species diversity and richness of macroinvertebrates in small water bodies in Lake Victoria Basin, Kenya

January 2014

This study was carried out in small water bodies (SWBs) within Uasin-Gishu and Siaya Counties of Kenya to investigate the effects of water quality on species diversity and richness of macroinvertebrates in these areas. The water quality of the SWBs was assessed in two dams in Uasin-Gishu County (Kesses and Kerita) and the other two in Siaya County (Mauna and Yenga) within Lake Victoria Basin. Water samples for total...

Author(s): Steve Omari Ngodhe, Phillip Okoth Raburu and Alfred Achieng

Brick kiln emissions and its environmental impact: A Review

January 2014

Brick manufacturing is the fastest-growing industrial sector in many countries (like china, India, Bangladesh and Pakistan) and among the top three sectors, along with vehicle exhaust and resuspended road dust, contributing to the air pollution and health problems in Dhaka (Bangladesh). The total emissions from the brick manufacturing in the Greater Dhaka region, to produce 3.5 billion bricks per year has been estimated...

Author(s): Bhat Mohd Skinder, Afeefa Qayoom Sheikh, Ashok K. Pandit and Bashir Ahmad Ganai

Diel variations in limnological characteristics of Omkareshwar reservoir of Narmada river, India

January 2014

The present study was carried out to ascertain the magnitude of seasonal diel variations in physicochemical and biological variants with reference to phytoplankton, zooplankton and primary productivity at newly formed Omkareshwar reservoir on the river Narmada for the year 2012. Diel variations in physicochemical parameters such as temperatures, pH, transparency, total alkalinity, total hardness, chloride content,...

Author(s): Khwaja Salahuddin Manish Visavadia, Suresh Gor, Chirag Gosai, Virendra Kumar Soni and Mohammad Dilshad Hussain

The physiological mechanisms of calcium chloride application on broad bean plants grown under salinity stress

December 2013

Salinity stress decreases the dry mass of shoot and root, the percentage of this decrease varied between the two plant organs. Roots seemed to be more salt sensitive than shoots. This was accompanied with a lower Na+ content in the shoots than roots. The organic cytosolutes (soluble carbohydrates, soluble proteins and proline) were much higher in shoots than roots. Treatment plants with CaCl2 retarded the Na+ and...

Author(s): Hamdia M. Abd El-Samad and Nasser A.M. Barakat

Agroforestry typology of some cocoa based agroforests in the Mbam and Inoubou division: The importance for local population livelihoods

December 2013

In order to estimate agroforestry typology of concerned cocoa based agroforests, a study was carry out in the Mbam and Inoubou division, Centre region of Cameroon. It focalized on farmer’s agroforests diversity strategies and the relationship between these systems and associated fruit trees planted to raise the revenues. To achieve this goal, 26 sampling plots of 100 x 40 m has been establish in cocoa based...

Author(s): Jiofack, T., Guedje, N.M., Tchoundjeu, Z., Fokunang, C., Lejoly, J., and Kemeuze, V.

Physico-chemical behavior of three different water bodies of sub tropical Himalayan Region of India

December 2013

This research paper represents a brief analysis of physico-chemical characteristics of three different water bodies namely: earthen pond, cemented pond and lake located at Bhimtal, Nainital, Uttarakhand during winter season. Air temperature, water temperature, pH, DO, free CO2, total alkalinity, total hardness, total nitrogen, nitrite, nitrate, phosphate, ammonium and silicate were the physico-chemical parameters...

Author(s): Anand Singh Bisht, Gulam Ali, D.S.Rawat and N. N. Pandey

Fish-habitat relationships in the Tonawanda and Johnson Creek Watersheds of Western New York State, USA

December 2013

Warm water stream fish assemblages (2005) and habitat variables (2004 and 2005) were examined from May to September at 108 sites in the Tonawanda and Johnson Creek Watersheds of Western New York. Seventy species and > 27,500 fishes were identified; ~98% were from Families Cyprinidae, Centrarchidae, Catostomidae and Percidae. Data were analyzed at 16 spatial scales using best subsets and backward stepwise multiple...

Author(s): Scott M. Wells and James M. Haynes

Phytosociology of some weeds of wheat communities around Kotli fields, Western Himalaya

November 2013

There were ten plant communities of weeds in wheat fields of Kotli. The communities were Euphorbia-Desmostachya-Coronopus, Parthenium-Galium-Taraxacum, Zanthium-Bidens-Bothriochloa, Silybum – Amaranthus-Avena, Ranunculus-Silybum-Imperata, Oxalis-Cannabis–Vicia, Calendula-Fimbristylis-Desmodium, Taraxacum-Geranium-Poa, Phalaris-Geranium-Cynoglossum and Themeda-Cardus-Urtica. The soil texture differs from loam...

Author(s): Zahid Hussain Malik, Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Sidra Rafique and Nafeesa Zahid Malik

Plant nutrient release composition in vermicompost as influenced by Eudrilus eugenae using different organic diets

November 2013

Sub-adult earthworms, Eudrilus, Eugenae were cultured for 100 days in rubber containers made from old tyres to determine the plant nutrient release composition in vermicompost using different organic diets. The diets are Andropogon grass + Pig manure (AGPM) Andropogon grass (AG), Bracharia grass + pig manure (BGPM) and Bracharia grass (BG). Result of the study show that the produced vermicompost in each diet consisted...

Author(s): Nweke I. A

Assessment of biomass carbon stock in an Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. plantation Uttarakhand, India

November 2013

The article presents biomass carbon stock for an Ailanthus excelsa plantation in Dehradun Forest Division, Uttarakhand, India. Destructive sampling was used to calculate the biomass of A. excelsa and undergrowth vegetation (shrubs and herbs); volumetric equations were used for estimating the biomass of associated tree species. The total biomass of A. excelsa was calculated as 126.07 t ha-1 with above ground biomass...

Author(s): Nishita Giri and Laxmi Rawat

Abundance and diversity of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (AMF) communities associated with cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) rhizosphere in Abengourou, East Côte d’Ivoire

November 2013

Soils from four different cassava cropping fields (Aniansué 1, Aniansué 2, Dramanekro 1, Dramanekro 2) were analyzed to evaluate abundance and diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi associated with cassava rhizosphere in Abengourou, East Côte d’Ivoire. It was shown that the soils in the cassava cropping fields were all acidic with low levels of available phosphorus (P). A total of 29 species...

Author(s): Don-Rodrigue Rosin Bi VOKO, Jacob NANDJUI, Jean-Marc Drolet SERY, Beaulys FOTSO, Jesus Amoua AMOA, Marie-Stephanie  Aka Kouadio, Seydou COULIBALY, Sebastien NIAMKE and Adolphe ZEZE

Characterization and impact of wood logging on plant formations in Ngaoundéré District, Adamawa Region, Cameroon

October 2013

This study was conducted to characterize the different plant formations (shrubby, arborescent and woody savanna) and to ascertain the impact of wood logging on the floral diversity in the guinea savanna zone of Ngaoundéré District, Adamawa Region, Cameroon. The “Point-Centered Quarter (PCQ) Method” was used on 120 sites measuring 50 × 50 m. Results showed that...

Author(s): Tchobsala and Mbolo, M.

Composition of understory vegetation in tree species of Cholistan desert, Pakistan

October 2013

In the present study the understory vegetation or communities under the canopy of tree species of Cholistan desert (27° 42’ and 29° 45’ North and longitudes 69° 52’ and 75° 24’East) and the effect of canopy cover on the soil chemistry were studied. Quadrats of 1 m2were laid to record the different plant species underside the canopy cover of tree species and...

Author(s): Muhammad Farrukh Nisar, Farrukh Jaleel, Muhammad Waseem, Sajil Ismail and Muhammad Arfan

A preliminary simulation model of individual and synergistic impacts of elephants and fire on the structure of semi-arid miombo woodlands in northwestern Zimbabwe

October 2013

Sustainable management of plant-herbivore systems requires an understanding of their long-term dynamics through modeling approaches. A preliminary simulation model was developed using STELLA to predict the impacts of elephants and fire on the structure of semi-arid miombo woodlands of north-western Zimbabwe. Elephants alone at a density of 0.27 km-2 will convert the woodland into coppice in 120 years due to...

Author(s): Isaac Mapaure

Snow leopard (Panthera uncia) surveys in the Western Himalayas, India

October 2013

We conducted surveys above 3000 m elevation in eight protected areas of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. These surveys provide new information on snow leopard in Uttarakhand on the basis of indirect evidence such as pugmark and scat. Snow leopard evidence (n = 13) were found between 3190 and 4115 m elevation. On an average, scats (n = 09) of snow leopard were found for every 56 km walked and pugmarks (n = 04) for every...

Author(s): Aishwarya Maheshwari, Diwakar Sharma and S. Sathyakumar

Invasion of the Mozambique tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus (Pisces: Cichlidae; Peters, 1852) in the Yamuna river, Uttar Pradesh, India

October 2013

Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852) is a highly successful invader of aquatic ecosystems due to its adaptable life history, tropic flexibility, ability to tolerate extreme and often unfavourable environmental conditions, rapid reproduction and maternal care of offsprings. Upon introduction to areas outside its natural range, these characteristics ofte give O. mossambicus a competitive advantage over indigenous...

Author(s): Mushtaq Ahmad Ganie, Mehraj Din Bhat , Mohd Iqbal Khan, Muni Parveen, M. H Balkhi  and Muneer Ahmad Malla

Diversity and distribution of macrofungi (mushrooms) in the Mount Cameroon Region

October 2013

This study was carried out to document the diversity and distribution of macrofungi in the Mount Cameroon Region. These were assessed at low and high altitudinal ranges in the four flanks of the mountain during the rainy and early dry seasons of 2010 and 2011. A total of 177 macrofungal species belonging to 83 genera and 38 families were recorded. Species richness was higher in the rainy seasons (134 species) than...

Author(s):   Egbe Enow Andrew, Tonjock Rosemary. Kinge , Ebai Maureen Tabi, Nji Thiobaland Afui Mathias Mih

Spatial relations of migratory birds and water quality management of Ramsagar reservoir, Datia, Madhya Pradesh, India

October 2013

Ramsagar reservoir is constructed over Nichroli nallah, in the Basin of Sindh River in district Datia, Madhya Pradesh, India. The present study has been carried out from April, 2003 to March, 2005. Eighteen species of birds belonging to 5 different orders and 11 families were recorded. Out of these, family Ardeidae with 4 species was dominant followed by Charadridae, Anatidae, Rallidae, Palacrocoracidae, Sturnidae,...

Author(s): R.K. Garg, R.J. Rao and D.N. Saksena

Food and feeding habits of three main fish species in Lake Baringo, Kenya

September 2013

The diets of three fish species of commercial importance in Lake Baringo, Protopterus aethiopicus, Clarias gariepinus and Oreochromis niloticus, were determined using frequency of occurrence and volumetric methods between April 2008 and March 2010. Seine and gill nets were used to catch a total of 430 fish specimens. The diet of P. aethiopicus was 94.3% molluscs with a frequency of...

Author(s): Omondi, R., Yasindi A.W. and Magana A. M

Climatic niche of Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) H.J. Lam (Burseraceae), a semi-domesticated fruit tree native to Central Africa

September 2013

Dacryodes edulis is a fruit tree growing naturally in the rainforests of Central Africa. To provide data to scientists and forest managers for the habitat of D. edulis in the wild, the study of ecological niche and environmental adaptation was carried out. The geographical coordinates of 168 collections of wild individuals and...

Author(s): Gilbert TODOU, , , Geo COPPENS d’EECKENBRUGGE, Hélène I. JOLY,Amougou AKOA, Jean-Michel ONANA and Gaston ACHOUNDONG  

Study of flora of Miandasht Wildlife Refuge in Northern Khorassan Province, Iran (a)

September 2013

A wide area of Iran is covered by arid and semiarid regions. In this survey, flora of an area of the Miandasht Wildlife Refuge, out of the safe part, was studied. This region covers 84435 Ha, situated in the west of Khorassan province in Iran. The climate of the area according to de Martone system is semiarid. The mean annual precipitation is 275 mm and the altitude varies from 931 to 1021 m above sea level. Plants were...

Author(s): Rahimi A. and Atri M.

Predictive modelling of the distribution of two critically endangered Dipterocarp trees: Implications for conservation of riparian forests in Borneo

September 2013

Riparian forests of Malaysian Borneo exhibit high tree species diversity. However, many of the tree species found in these riparian forests are conservation dependant, with their current conservation status (sensu IUCN Red List) varying from vulnerable to critically endangered. The present study had two objectives. Firstly, to identify the environmental factors associated with the distribution of two critically...

Author(s): Minerva Singh

Reproductive aspects of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L, 1758) in a tropical reservoir (Amerti: Ethiopia)

September 2013

The reproductive aspect of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L, 1758) in the Amerti reservoir (9°.63’ N, 37°. 23’ E) was studied monthly between August 2011 and July 2012. A total of 496 specimens, comprising 231 males and 265 females were captured during the sampling period. There were no significant differences between the sex ratio (c2 = 2.33; P= 0.126). The mean ±...

Author(s): Mathewos Hailu

Ecophysiological influences of zeolite and selenium on water deficit stress tolerance in different rapeseed cultivars

September 2013

This experiment was carried out to study the ecophysiological influences of zeolite and selenium on water deficit stress tolerance in different rapeseed cultivars at Karaj, Iran using a factorial-split-plot design with three replications during 2009 - 2010. The main-plot factors included: irrigation regimes (control and irrigation interrupted during the flowering stage), zeolite (non-application and 10 ton/ha)...

Author(s): Sayed Alireza Valadabadi, Amir Hossein Shiranirad and Hossein Aliabadi Farahani

  • Article Number: DF96FD53596

Long-term changes in soil-based ecological services at three sites in Ethiopia

August 2013

Ethiopia faces land degradation as one of its major environmental problems. In response to the degradation, massive land rehabilitation and conservation activities have been undertaken since the mid-1970s. In spite of these efforts, the impacts of long-term land management have not been examined from soil-based ecological services perspective. This study assesses soil-based ecological services over the past 30 years...

Author(s): Abebe Shiferaw, Hans Hurni and Gete Zeleke

Status of the Sondu-Miriu River fish species diversity and fisheries: Sondu-Miriu Hydro-Power Project (SMHPP) operations

August 2013

The Sondu-Miriu Hydroelectric Power Project (SMHPP) is a run-of-the-river hydro-power project on the Sondu-Miriu River, Kenya. The part of the river studied: between the Sondu Bridge upstream, and Osodo Bay on L. Victoria, was divided into three zones; 1. Upstream of the dam, artificial lake approximately 5 km long; 15 – 2 km wide, 2. Depleted section and, 3. Lower section. SMHPP caused part of river below the dam...

Author(s): Dickson Otieno Owiti, Raphael Achola Kapiyo and Esna Kerubo Bosire

Seasonal change effects on phenology of Argania spinosa (L.) in the fields

August 2013

We investigated the relationship between shoot branching, shoot growth, leaf phenology and seasonal changes during three consecutive seasons in three natural populations of Argania spinosa ((L.) Skeels) in south west Morocco. Rainfall showed two peaks in autumn and winter but summer was dry. Locality, climatic season, genotype (tree/locality) and observation date influence...

Author(s): Zahidi A, Bani-Aameur F and EL Mousadik A

Land use and vegetation cover dynamics in and around Kagoma Forest Reserve in Tanzania

August 2013

Kagoma Forest Reserve (KFR) is found in Kagera Region, Tanzania and is comprised of a large area of Miombo woodland. The extent of land use and vegetation cover changes in and around Kagoma Forest Reserve was investigated. Remote sensing and GIS techniques were used to analyze land use and vegetation cover changes over the past 23 years which revealed the occurrence of significant land use and vegetation cover...

Author(s): Nanjiva G. Nzunda, Pantaleo K. T. Munishi, Japhet J. Kashaigili, Geofrey E. Sokaand Joel F. Monjare  

The woodland tree Brachystegia floribunda facilitates the encroachment of forest tree species into miombo woodlands in northern Malawi

August 2013

Although, human activities have caused major losses of tropical forest, there are also reports of forest encroachment and expansion into surrounding sparse vegetation types (savannah and woodland). Large savannah-woodland trees may promote forest encroachment into their surroundings by facilitating seed deposition and subsequent establishment of forest species. This work sought to determine whether large individuals of...

Author(s): Tomohiro Fujita

The first report of preliminary list of the insect fauna of the Elkharaga city, New Valley, Egypt

July 2013

The present paper gives a preliminary account of the entomofauna of the New Valley. It has a complex composition; the species are a heterogeneous group with diverse distribution patterns. The account does not lay to completeness. It is chiefly based on the insects collected in a short period of time; it comprised 111 species in 95 genera, belonging to 53 families and pertaining to 13 orders namely: Coleoptera,...

Author(s):   Mohamed Abd El-moez Mahbob and Hamdy Hussien Mahmoud

Assessing community participation in selected ecotourism projects in the Brong-Ahafo Region, Ghana

July 2013

The purpose of this study was to examine the extent of community participation in selected Community-Based Ecotourism Projects in the Brong-Ahafo Region. The sample for the study was 281 respondents including 14 opinion leaders. Data were collected using questionnaires and interviews. The findings showed that residents were involved in the decision-making, implementation and monitoring of the...

Author(s): Yeboah Thomas

Temporal variations in water chemistry and chlorophyll-a at the Tomaro creek Lagos, Nigeria

July 2013

Temporal variations of the water chemistry and chlorophyll-a dynamics at the Tomaro creek Lagos were investigated for six months (October, 2007 to March, 2008). Temperature remained high (>27°C) all through the sampled period while total suspended solids andtransparency increased in the dry months. Total dissolved solids were high (≥8160 mg/L) between...

Author(s): Nwankwo, D. I, Adesalu, T. A, Amako, C. C, Akagha, S.C and Keyede, J. D.

Use of macroinvertebrate assemblage to assess the ecological integrity of Nyando Wetlands, Kenya

July 2013

This study aimed to investigate changes in macroinvertebrate assemblage within Nyando wetlands and developed an index of biotic integrity for monitoring human disturbances. Triplicate macroinvertebrate samples were collected monthly for seven months using a scoop net. They were sorted live, counted and identified to genus level. Water samples for nutrients were collected and analyzed using standard methods....

Author(s): Patrick Oduor Orwa, Phillip Okoth Raburu, Julius Kipkemboi, Priscah Rongoei, Okeyo-Owuor J. B. and Steve Omari

Impacts of enclosures in rehabilitation of degraded rangelands of Turkana County, Kenya

July 2013

The role of enclosures in range rehabilitation was investigated through a case study at Kalatum in Turkana County where the use of enclosures and establishment of fodder species were demonstrated to the local communities in late 1980’s. However, documented information on the impact of enclosures is scanty. Rehabilitation impact was evaluated through ecological sampling in fenced and unfenced areas and...

Author(s): John N. Kigomo and Gabriel M. Muturi

Grazing management systems and their effects on savanna ecosystem dynamics: A review

June 2013

The savanna ecosystems support livestock production and livelihood of pastoral communities. The degradation of savanna ecosystems due to overgrazing had lead government commercializing communal grazing land to privately owned ranches. However, grazing policies in Southern Africa had recently been debated, and yet there are few studies comparing grazing management systems on ecological system. This article provides an...

Author(s): Olaotswe Ernest Kgosikoma, Witness Mojeremane and Barbra A. Harvie

Species composition and abundance of small mammals in Chebera-Churchura National Park, Ethiopia

June 2013

In this study, we investigated species composition and abundance of small mammals (rodents and insectivores) in the recently established Chebera Churchura National Park, in Ethiopia between 2010 and 2011. Two study grids were established in seven selected habitats. In each grid, forty-nine Sherman live traps were used to capture the small mammals. A total of 704 individuals were captured in 5488 trap-nights. Among them,...

Author(s): Demeke Datiko and Afework Bekele

Effect of crusher dust on floristic composition and biological spectrum in tropical grassland of Odisha, India

June 2013

An investigation was carried out to estimate the effect of crusher dust on floristic composition and biological spectrum in grassland of Odisha, India. The vegetation analysis was performed following standard procedures. The floristic survey of the study area, which includes natural as well as crusher unit affected sites, revealed the presence of 24 plant species distributed in 11 families representing a two storied...

Author(s): B. K. Tripathy, R. B. Mohanty, N. Mishra and T. Panda

Physico-chemical properties of soils in cool-temperate forests of the “Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve” in Uttarakhand (India)

June 2013

The study area is very diverse due to its protectness on one hand and thus there is a vast scope of scientific study on the other hand. The parent material of the study area represents crystalline rocks and comprises of garnetiferous mica, schists, garnet mica and mica quartzite. The soil bulk density varies from 1.14 to 1.91 gm cm-3 under various soil depths ranging from 0 to 15, 15 to 30 and 30 to 45 cm. Whereas,...

Author(s): Tiwari S. D., Joshi Ritesh and Rawat Arjun

Habitat structure of flat-headed cusimanse (Crossarchus platycephalus) in Futa Wildlife Park, Ondo state, Nigeria

June 2013

The study explored the habitat structure of flat-headed cusimanse (Crossarchus platycephalus) in Federal University of Technology, Akure (FUTA) Wildlife Park, Ondo State. It was undertaken during both wet and dry seasons of the year 2012. In assessing the habitat, ten plots (10 x 10 m2 each) were marked out of the total land area of the Park. A total of fifteen (15) different species were...

Author(s): Oguntuase B. G. and Agbelusi E. A.

Possibility of species extinction in the periodical forced prey-predator model

May 2013

The response of the Lotka-Volterra system forced by periodical modulation was numerically simulated in a wide frequency range. The main question is: how does the change of environment A parameter influence the behavior of such a system? The answer to this question is the main purpose of this paper. In the resonance region, the oscillation of the system fits to the forced frequency (or its harmonics) and shows...

Author(s): Aldona Krupska

Population studies, habitat assessment and threat categorization of Polygonatum verticillatum (L.) Allioni in Kumaun Himalaya

May 2013

Natural populations of Polygonatum verticillatum in Kumaun Himalaya were surveyed for population studies, habitat assessment and threat status. This research reveals density of individuals and area occupied were low as compared to other species of the region, indicating habitat loss and heavy exploitation. Status was determined on a site-to-site basisfor the entire Kumaun region. Based on...

Author(s): Nidhi Lohani, Lalit. M. Tewari, Ravi Kumar, G. C. Joshi, Jagdish Chandra, Kamal kshore, Sanjay Kumar and Brij Mohan Upreti

Distribution and abundance of small mammals in different habitat types in the Owabi Wildlife Sanctuary, Ghana

May 2013

Information on the small mammal communities of the Owabi Wildlife Sanctuary is virtually non-existent despite their role in forest ecosystems. A total of 1,500 trap-nights yielded 121 individuals of rodents and shrews, comprising five species: Praomys tullbergi, Lophuromys sikapusi, Hybomys trivirgatus, Malacomys edwardsi and Crocidura buettikoferi, captured in Sherman traps using 20...

Author(s): Reuben A. Garshong, Daniel K. Attuquayefio, Lars H. Holbech and James K. Adomako

Institutionalizing environmental hazards for ‘public needs’: Destruction of forest for drinking water supply in Kerala, India

April 2013

Natural resource exploitation is increasingly being considered as a technical issue with the assumption that it can be compensated for. The public concern shifts towards such destruction only when it affects the normal course of day to day life. Immediate needs often undermine the process of institutionalizing knowledge to ensure conservation of natural resources. The question of immediate needs often acts as...

Author(s): S. Mohammed Irshad

Does shore length influence population size and density distribution of hippopotamus?

April 2013

Population surveys of common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) in Zambia were carried out between 2005 and 2008 to estimate population size and density distribution patterns against shore length. River bank foot counts were used in the Luangwa River system while boat/canoe counts were used to collect population data from lakes, dams and rivers. Population estimate was 40,060 hippopotami distributed over...

Author(s): Chansa Chomba, Rhamadhani Senzota, Harry Chabwela and Vincent Nyirenda

Classification and ordination of vegetation in Tehsil Takht-e-Nasrati, District Karak, Khyber Pakhtunkhawa, Pakistan

March 2013

A survey of natural vegetation of semi arid area was undertaken in 2010-2011. The study was conducted within four distinct stands further divided into 22 sites for clear communities’ segregation. Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) and Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DCA) were used for the plant species and community analysis. Plant species of each community are presented together with the information...

Author(s): Musharaf Khan and Farrukh Hussain

Distribution, abundance and population status of Burchell’s zebra (Equus quagga) in Yabello Wildlife Sanctuary, Southern Ethiopia

March 2013

A study on the distribution, abundance and population status of Burchell’s zebra (Equus quagga, Gray 1824) was carried out in the Yabello Wildlife Sanctuary, Southern Ethiopia from October, 2009 to March, 2010 including wet and dry seasons. Distance sampling line-transect counting method was used to estimate the population status. A total of 5151 individuals were estimated with a population density of 6.5...

Author(s): Reta Regassa and Solomon Yirga

Forest disturbance and cropping mixtures influence crop raiding by red-tailed monkey and grey-cheeked mangabey around Mabira Forest Reserve, Uganda

February 2013

Communities around protected areas frequently complain of wild animals destroying already limited crop fields, with little or no assistance offered by conservation stewards towards the mitigation of crop raiding losses. The aim of this study was to find out whether forest disturbance gradient and crop mixtures influence the level of crop raiding by the red-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus ascanius larvatus) and the...

Author(s): Bernard Fungo, Gerald Eilu, Mnason Tweheyo and Deborah Baranga

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