Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 368

JENE Articles

A study on ecological distribution and community diversity of spiders in Gulmarg Wildlife Sanctuary of Kashmir Himalaya

March 2015

The present study was an attempt to assess and evaluate the distribution, diversity and occurrence of spider community in Gulmarg Wildlife Sanctuary. India has 59 of the 110 spider families and at least, 1442 formally described species of the 39,000 known worldwide. Documenting spider assemblages assumes greater importance in the context of current rate of loss and degradation of forests which is known to have...

Author(s): Mansoor Ahmad Lone, Idrees Yousuf Dar and G. A. Bhat

Vegetation regeneration in formerly degraded hilly areas of Rwampara, South Western Uganda

March 2015

Rwampara hills located in South Western Uganda have long been subjected to intensive degradation due to increased human activities. The hills have been left bare as a result of vegetation clearing for agricultural land, charcoal burning and grazing. In 1998, the National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) attempted to restore the degraded hilly areas with the aim of establishing the restoration potential. With...

Author(s): Juliet Kyayesimira and Julius B. Lejju

Effects of municipal and industrial discharges on the quality of Beressa river water, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia

February 2015

The problem of environmental pollution is not simple and easy to ignore because it affects the survival and normal functioning of an ecosystem by changing the overall healthy interaction between its components and after once it occurs, will be difficult to control. Fortunately, in the town of Debre Berhan (Tebasie), it is a common phenomenon due to the discharge of untreated liquid and solid wastes from industrial and...

Author(s): Haymanot Awgchew, Heluf Gebrekidan and Adamu Molla

Threat reduction assessment approach to evaluate impacts of landscape level conservation in Nepal

February 2015

Major challenges to the landscape level conservation intervention are to monitor and evaluate the conservation impacts in an accurate and cost-effective manner. Threat reduction assessment (TRA) has been proposed as a method to measure conservation success and as a proxy measurement of conservation impacts and monitoring threats. We conducted TRAs to evaluate the effectiveness of Nepal’s Terai Arc Landscape (TAL)...

Author(s): Ram Prasad Lamsal, Bikash Adhikari, Sanjay Nath Khanal and Khet Raj Dahal

Promoting tertiary education through ecotourism development

February 2015

In general, this study was to encourage students to pursue, environmental science, biology and tourism programmes at tertiary level by embarking on educational tour with tertiary students to the study area, while at the same time, the paper performs its functions such as finding out how residents were empowered in funding, capacity building and conflict resolution skills in tourism development. Specifically, the study...

Author(s): Thomas Yeboah

Assessment of land use/cover impacts on runoff and sediment yield using hydrologic models: A review

February 2015

Human activities have modified the environment over the years. Urbanization, agriculture lumbering, mining and other land uses have substantially altered the Earth’s surface. Land use and the resultant change in land cover have significant effects on ecological, environmental and hydrologic systems and processes. An understanding of past and present land-cover change, together with an analysis of potential future...

Author(s): Ndulue, E. L., Mbajiorgu, C.C., Ugwu, S. N., Ogwo, V. and Ogbu, K. N.

Abundance and diversity of major cultivable fungal flora of River Jhelum in Kashmir Himalaya

January 2015

The present work was carried out in the in river Jhelum of Kashmir Himalaya to assess the density and diversity of fungal flora, to isolate and identify the fungi from the water along with some physical parameters like pH and temperature which was carried out between June-November, 2011 at four sites differing from each other markedly in terms of biotic and abiotic factors. During the study, a variety of fungal strains...

Author(s): Furqana Fayaz, Azra N. Kamili, Bisma Zahoor Hafiz, Imran Khan, and Gowhar Hamid Dar,

Carbon stock in Adaba-Dodola community forest of Danaba District, West-Arsi zone of Oromia Region, Ethiopia: An implication for climate change mitigation

January 2015

Forests can capture and retain enormous amount of carbon over long period of time. Their role in carbon emission balance is also well documented. However, especially in developing country, wide spread deforestation and forest degradation is continuing unknowingly and deliberately. This study was conducted to estimate carbon stock in dry Afromontane forest type of Danaba community forest (CF) of Oromia Regional State of...

Author(s): Muluken Nega Bazezew, Teshome Soromessa and Eyale Bayable

Population structure of rodents in Alage, Southern Ethiopia

January 2015

An ecological study on population structure of rodents was conducted in Alage, Southern Ethiopia. Sherman live traps were used to capture rodents in four habitats and trapping sessions. A total of 684 rodents that represented 11 species were captured. Regarding population size and density, Mastomys natalensis was the dominant species followed by Arvicanthis dembeensis while the least was observed in Graphiurus murinus...

Author(s): Agerie Addisu and Afework Bekele

Ecological study on the impact of mariculture fish cage site on the physico-chemical characteristics of Lagos Lagoon, South Western Nigeria

December 2014

A six months investigation on the environmental impact of fish cage culture on surface water and sediment of the Lagos lagoon were studied monthly from February 2011 to July 2011. Samples were collected from three stations, 1 (upstream of cage culture site), 2 (cage culture site) and 3 (downstream of cage culture site) between 07:00 and 11:00 h. During this period, the surface water ranged between 23.34 ± 3.39...

Author(s): Olapoju, Oluwabukunola Ayokunmi and Edokpayi, Clement Aghatise

Primary conifer succession on a 1915 mudflow in Lassen Volcanic National Park, California

December 2014

Repeated observations of forest development using permanent plots can map pathways and rates of primary succession at the individual plant, the plot and the community level. This study re-measures the trees in 34 100 m2 plots that were first sampled in 1987 to document recent and to predict continued forest development for a mixed-conifer forest established on a volcanic mudflow formed at a 2000-m elevation in Lassen...

Author(s): Glenn Clinton Kroh, Rebecca Laura Upjohn, and John Edgar Pinder III,

Treatment test of oil mill effluents by a Pistia stratiotes L., 1753 (water lettuce) pond based system, in Maroua (Far-North, Cameroon)

November 2014

In the developing countries in general, industrial effluents are discharged into the rainwater evacuation channels, on the street, or in nature, without treatment, causing immense environmental damages. This work aimed to propose, at a pilot scale, a test treatment, based on a Pistia stratiotes L., 1753 pond system, to purify wastewater from the Cotton Development Company of Cameroon (CDCC) oil mill, in Maroua...

Author(s): Toua Vroumsia, Clémentine Elisée Manga Ndomo, Jean Mitanlé and Ghislain Wilfried Nangtong

Phytoplankton composition and water chemistry of a tidal creek (Ipa-Itako) part of Lagos Lagoon

November 2014

The composition and diversity of planktonic algae in a sluggish tidal freshwater/brackish mangrove dominated creek (Ipa Itako) part of the Lagos lagoon was investigated for twelve months (February 2010 - January 2011). The surface water pH varied between 6.5 (December 2010) and 8.6 (August 2010) indicating a slightly acidic to alkaline nature of the creek. The salinity was higher during the dry months (November- April)...

Author(s): Taofikat Abosede Adesalu, Tolulope Adesanya and Chinwe Jessica Ogwuzor

Biofuel potential and land availability: The case of Rufiji District, Tanzania

November 2014

Africa’s attractiveness to potential biofuel investors is based on the assumption that there is plenty of unused land available for investment in different countries of the continent. However, their postulations are not based on any concrete studies on land available at country, regional or local level. This study investigates land availability for potential biofuel investment at the local level, using Rufiji...

Author(s): Simon L. A. Mwansasu, and Lars Ove Westerberg,

Assessing the diversity and intensity of pesticide use in communal area cotton production in Zimbabwe

October 2014

A survey was conducted in Checheche, Nemangwe, Sanyati and Tafuna areas of Zimbabwe to assess the level of insecticide use and use of protective clothing in smallholder cotton production areas where the Cotton Research Institute conducted cotton experiments. Compliance with the closed season legislation, the Plant Pest and Diseases Act, Chapter 19, Section 8 of 1988 was checked because of its role in seasonal pest...

Author(s): W. Mubvekeri, J. Bare, Caston Makaka and F. Jimu

Regulation of usages and dependency on indigenous fruits (IFs) for livelihoods sustenance of rural households: A case study of the Ivindo National Park (INP), Gabon

October 2014

The dependency of many rural people on restricted access and use of natural resources of national parks for livelihoods sustenance is poorly acknowledged and detailed surveys clarifying usages and dependency on forest resources by local people are often lacking, especially for regulations and laws improvement purposes. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to six villages of 252 households (152) in close and...

Author(s): Mikolo Yobo Christian and Kasumi I. T. O.

Spatio-temporal variation of the zooplankton community in a tropical wetland (Bhoj Wetland), Bhopal, India

September 2014

Bhopal, the capital city of the state of Madhya Pradesh, India is famous for its numerous lakes. The Bhoj Wetland is a wetland of international importance (Ramsar Site). In the two years of study period, a total of 82 zooplankton species were recorded from February 2008-January 2010. Out of which 66 species were recorded in the 1st year (2008-2009), and 70 species documented during the 2nd year (2009-2010). The...

Author(s): Najeeb Ahmad Bhat, Ashwani Wanganeo and Rajni Raina

Macro invertebrates fauna group and their relationship with environmental variables in River Benue at Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

September 2014

Indiscriminate dumping of wastes into rivers without control measures is widely practiced in the developing nations of the World as it is observed in River Benue at Makurdi. To ascertain the health status and integrity of River Benue at Makurdi, water samples and sediments were collected monthly from five different locations on the shoreline of the river for a period of two years (July 2011-June 2013). The...

Author(s): Akaahan, T. J. A. Araoye, P. A. and Olabanji, Funke  Mary

Assessment of indigenous Bradyrhizobia spp. population levels in low phosphorus soils of southern Cameroon using cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) as trap crop

September 2014

This study used three cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) varieties, (DschMMBr, Vyuniebe and 58-77) as trap crops to estimate the population of indigenous Bradyrhizobia spp. Soil samples were collected in two sites (Nkoemvone and Nkometou) of Southern Cameroon known to accommodate acid soils with low phosphorus (P) levels, and the population of the indigenous rhizobia was determined using the most probable number (MPN)...

Author(s): ATEMKENG Maureen Fonji, and B. Aime Didier BEGOUDE

Impacts of different drains on the seawater quality of El-Mex bay (Alexandria, Egypt)

September 2014

El Mex Bay area received domestic, industrial and agricultural waste water from the surrounding area. The need to pay much attention to the potential effects of anthropogenic inputs upon the hydrochemical characteristics of the bay is an emergency. Several water samples have been analyzed for physico-chemical characteristics during 2010/2011: Seven samples from El Mex bay and 4 samples from drains. The study revealed...

Author(s): Mohamed A. Shreadah, Mamdouh S. Masoud, Abdel-Rhman M. Khattab and Gehan M. El Zokm

Characterization and classification of soils along the toposequence at the Wadla Delanta Massif, North Central Highlands of Ethiopia

September 2014

The knowledge of soil properties and availability of reliable soil data play vital role in understanding the soil environment and its services. This study was conducted with the objective of characterizing and classifying soils of Wadla Delanta Massif, North Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Twelve representative soil pedons (profile pits) were opened on various landscape positions, described in the field and horizon-wise...

Author(s): Nahusenay Abate, Kibebew Kibret, Heluf Gebrekidan and Abayneh Esayas

Floral hosts and pollen calendar of Asian giant honeybee, Apisdorsata Fabricius at Southern Karnataka, India

September 2014

Observations were made during 2011 and 2012 to record the floral hosts of Asian giant honeybee, Apisdorsata (Hymenoptera: Apidae) by following standard methods at arid, semi-arid and malnad regions of southern Karnataka, India. These regions are enriched with 252 foraging plant species which belong to 74 families with trees (49.3%), herbs (23.5%), shrubs (21.7%) and climbers (5.5%), supplying both pollen and nectar...

Author(s): K. S. Raghunandan and S. Basavarajappa

Density and distribution of bongos (Tragelaphuseurycerus) in a high forest zone in Ghana

September 2014

This research was undertaken at Kakum Conservation Area (KCA) in the Central Region of Ghana, from October 2011 to September 2012. The aim was to determine the population density and factors affecting distribution of bongos (Tragelaphuseurycerus) for management planning and conservation of the bongo as well as tourism promotion. The methodology involved a field study of sampled plots that represented three habitat...

Author(s): Kwaku Brako Dakwa, Kweku Ansah Monney and Daniel Attuquayefio

Restoration of spent oil degraded soil with bio and inorganic fertilizers using Manihot esculenta Crantz as a test crop

July 2014

This study was carried out on spent oil degraded soil using bio and inorganic fertilizers to attempt its restoration using Manihot esculenta Crantz., as test crop under Screen House conditions. Nine (9) kg of spent oil contaminated and uncontaminated soils were each crushed and weighed into 10 L plastic pots with Camry Premium Scale (Model J100/2839). All pots were perforated at the base to drain excess water. The pots...

Author(s): Chukwuka, K. S., Omogiade, S. and Uka, U. N.,

Comparison of the trees regeneration at different distances from Alang Dareh forest roads considering tourist pressure

July 2014

Natural regeneration is the most important factor in survival and sustaining forest parks. This study was conducted to compare the regeneration frequency of trees species at distances of 15, 40 and 80 mfrom roads considering tourist pressure in Alang Dareh forest park. Results show that number of high seedling in low tourist pressure area was more than that of area with severe tourist pressure. Moreover, total number of...

Author(s): Aidin Parsakhoo, Mohammad Hadi Moayeri and Majid Poursadeghi

Length-weight relationship and Fulton’s condition factor of Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel, 1843) in Hoor Al-azim wetland

July 2014

Length-weight relationship and Fulton’s condition factor of Hemeri (Carasobarbus luteus) in Hoor Al-azim wetland (Khuzestan provinces, Iran) were investigated. During this study, from 2012 to 2013 more than 460 specimens' of C. lutus were measured. Mean±S.D length values for this species were 228±15 respectively and maximum and minimum total length were 118 and 362 mm respectively. Mean...

Author(s): Afrooz Eydizadeh, Gholamreza Eskandary and Seyed Ahmad Reza Hashemi

Ethnic-based diversity and distribution of enset (Ensete ventricosum) clones in southern Ethiopia

July 2014

Enset cultivation in southern and south-western Ethiopia is practiced mainly in densely populated areas. A survey covering 280 farm households and seven districts was conducted in seven zones of southern Ethiopia with the main objective of assessing the diversity and distribution of enset clones. Interviews using structured and semi-structured questionnaires were conducted to generate data. A total of 218 enset clones...

Author(s): Z. Yemataw, H. Mohamed, M. Diro, T. Addis and G. Blomme

Study of the influence of environmental factors on the occurrence of Balantidium coli cysts in an urban aquatic system in Cameroon

June 2014

Balantidium coli is an enteropathogenic cosmopolitan ciliate which causes balantidiasis in humans. There is a high interest in studying it’s occurrence in developing countries because of the vulnerability of the population to infectious diseases. The present study was carried out in order to characterise the cysts of the parasite and to evaluate the influence of environmental variables on their dispersal in an...

Author(s): AJEAGAH Gideon A. and MOUSSIMA YAKA Diane A.

Land degradation assessment of agrarian soils in Ebonyin State for sustainable production

June 2014

The experiment was conducted to assess land degradation in agrarian soils of Ebonyin State. Ten farmers’ fields were selected based on land use and landscape positions across the three zones in the state. Physical and socio- economic information were obtained from the farmers and extension agents. Surface and sub-surface soil samples were collected for physical and chemical analysis. The soils at the upland were...

Author(s): Ande O. T and Senjobi B. A.

Community Structure of Montane forest along the Altitudinal Gradient in Garhwal Himalaya, India

June 2014

The present study was done in sub-tropical and temperate Himalayan Forest of Saikot Reserve Forest, Kedarnath forest division in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand to understand the community structure and effect of altitudinal variation on structure and composition of the vegetation and to record the floristic diversity of the plants in the study area. The study area was categorized into four forest types on the basis of...

Author(s): Minaxi Khali and V P Bhatt

Hybridization between non-indigenous Oreochromis niloticus and native Oreochromis species in the lower Kafue River and its potential impacts on fishery

June 2014

In the Kafue floodplains, Zambia, a study was done to determine whether meristic and/or other morphological metrics could distinguish putative hybrids (based on color patterns) between non-indigenous Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) and two native species of Oreochromis andersonii (three spot tilapia) and Oreochromis macrochir (green head tilapia) from the pure parental strains. We also surveyed local fishermen to...

Author(s): Ian Bbole, Cyprian Katongo, Andrew M. Deines, Overson Shumba and David M. Lodge,

Prospects and potentials of Kakum Conservation Area, Ghana

May 2014

The Kakum Conservation Area (KCA) is a protected remnant semi-deciduous forest of Ghana’s fast dwindling portion of the Upper Guinea Forest. The prospects and potentials for sustainable conservation and their challenges were the main concern of this study; that is whether there is the opportunity for KCA to increase tourism drive as a means of ensuring self-funding for sustainable conservation in the long term. In...

Author(s): Kweku A. Monney and Kwaku B. Dakwa

Recent limnological changes and their implication on fisheries in Lake Baringo, Kenya

May 2014

Water samples for physico-chemical analysis for this study were collected monthly for five years between April 2008 and March 2013. Conductivity, temperature, dissolved oxygen and pH was measured in situ using a Surveyor II model hydrolab. Chlorophyll-a concentration was determined using a Genesys 10S Vis spectrophotomer. Nutrients were determined using standard methods and procedures. Analysis of...

Author(s): Omondi, R, Kembenya, E., Nyamweya, C., Ouma, H., Machua, S.K. and Ogari, Z.

Exploration of climate influences on the abundance of galls on red willow (Salix laevigata) across two riparian communities in Southern California

May 2014

In Southern California, the red willow (Salix laevigata Bebb) hosts a variety of gall-inducing parasitic insects. However, little is known about the ecology of these parasites, particularly the characterization of their microclimate preferences. This study explores the relationship between microclimate and gall frequencies in S. laevigata in the Ballona Wetlands and Temescal Canyon, and gall count correlated with biotic...

Author(s): Tauras Vilgalys, Rachael Sears, Emily Hand, Sara Morledge-Hampton and Víctor D. Carmona-Galindo

Status of Hagenia forest in the Parc National des Volcans, Rwanda: A review of historical records

May 2014

Hagenia-shaped habitat is an important element in conservation of world’s only population of mountain gorillas surviving in the wild. In fact, in the Parc National des Volcans (henceforth PNV), gorillas spend most of their life time in the nutritious herbaceous habitats near or within the Hagenia-Hypericum zone. Unfortunately, populations of Hagenia abyssinica in this park have been reported to be ageing. Using...

Author(s): Seburanga J. L., Nsanzurwimo A. and Folega F.

Diversity of Vepris heterophylla (Engl.) Letouzey morphotypes in the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Cameroon

May 2014

Vepris heterophylla (Engl.) Letouzey (Rutaceae) is a useful and threatened plant of Sudano-Sahelian zone of Cameroon. However, its description is not clear. This study aims to evaluate morphological variations among ten populations to delimitating the V. heterophylla morphotypes in the zone. Two hundred and fifty (250) individuals belonging to 10 populations were assessed by morphological descriptors including eight...

Author(s): Y. Hamawa, and P. M. Mapongmetsem

Macroinvertebrates (oligochaetes) as indicators of pollution: A review

April 2014

Macroinvertebrates formed an important constituent of an aquatic ecosystem and had functional importance in assessing the trophic status as the abundance of benthic fauna mainly depends on physical and chemical properties of the substratum and thus the benthic communities respond to changes in the quality of water and available habitat. This review discussed the occurrence, compo-sition and distribution of...

Author(s): Rafia Rashid and Ashok K. Pandit

Molecular diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in Lake Victoria Basin of Kenya

April 2014

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) play a key role in land reclamation, sustaining soil fertility and cycling of nutrients, which in turn increases plant vigour and productivity. AMF differ in both structural characteristics and global distribution, which is strongly correlated with the respective functional role. This study investigated the molecular diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in selected...

Author(s): Othira J. O, J. O. Omolo, S. Kiruki, L. A. Onek and F. N. Wachira

Residues of diazinon in Ab-bandans supplied by Babolroud, Talar and Siaroud Rivers, Iran

April 2014

In this http://www.wessex.ac.uk/components/com_forme/uploads/ study, diazinon, as an organophosphorus pesticide, was measured in nine Abbandans (man-made wetland) in Mazandaran Province: Kharajisha, Ramenet, Esmaeelkola, Kordkola, Shrag-e-Larim, Anarmarz, Roshandan, Galeshkola and Langoor from April 2010 to March 2011. A total of 216 samples were taken from nine abbandans of the South Caspian lowland. Samples analyzed...

Author(s): Hassan Abbasian, Azim Ashayeri, Shamilla Hosseinmarzeh and Hamid G. Meigooni

Statistical analysis of hydrological properties and genetic toxicity of Maheshara Lake

April 2014

The purpose of this study was to assess the water qualities and genotoxicity of Maheshara Lake situated near Gorakhpur, India. The lake receives many types of pollutants from two industries, agricultural run-off and domestic sewages. A total of five sampling stations were established for measurement of water pollution and the measurement of cytogenetic alterations in vivo is considered an initial step in the risk...

Author(s): Pallavi Srivastava and Ajay Singh

Plankton diversity in Krishna River, Sangli, Maharashtra

April 2014

Quantitative assessment of plankton was carried out in distinct sites of the river Krishna, district Sangli during January 2011 to December 2012. Phytoplankton diversity was observed in five groups, that is, Cyanophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Hydrocharitaceae and Desmidiceae including 53 species. Among them, Chlorophyceae was dominating with 22 species. Diversity of zooplanktons included, Cladocera,...

Author(s): A. B. Sarwade and N. A. Kamble

Effect of rainfall season on the chemical properties of the soil of a Southern Guinea Savanna ecosystem in Nigeria

April 2014

Investigations were carried out on the effect of rainfall pattern on some soil chemical properties during 2011 in the Southern Guinea savanna ecosystem in Nigeria. The study was carried out in Oro Forest Reserve in Kwara State of Nigeria. Twenty plots were randomly selected for soil sampling at for different seasons namely: January (dry season), May (beginning of rains), September (peak of rains) and November (end of...

Author(s): Ayo Fatubarin and M. R. Olojugba

Carbon stocks of Hanang forest, Tanzania: An implication for climate mitigation

March 2014

The study assessed carbon stocks of Hanang mountain forest, Tanzania. Thirty-four sample plots (40 × 50 m) were established along an altitudinal gradient. All trees with diameter at breast height ≥10 cm were identified and measured, and herb species and soil were sampled from four 1 × 1 m quadrats within 10 × 10 m subplots. Mean carbon stock was 48.37 and 0.26 t C ha-1 for tree and herb species,...

Author(s): Godgift Swai, Henry J. Ndangalasi, Pantaleo K.T. Munishi and Deo D. Shirima

Species and breeding population of waterbirds on four islands in Kore Mosa in Persian Gulf in 2003 and 2012

March 2014

The research was conducted in Ghabre Nakhoda, Nedelghar, Dara and Boneh islands in Khore Mosa Ramsar site in the Persian Gulf from May to December 2003 and 2012. Total count method was used to obtain the census of the nests and breeding population of waterbirds on the Islands. Thirty three (34) species of waterbirds were identified, of which eight species were breeders. The maximum breeding population of Lesser Crested...

Author(s): Behrouz Behrouzi-Rad

Phytosociological features and threat categorization of A. heterophyllum Wall. ex Royle and A. ferox Wall. ex Ser. in Kumaun Himalaya

March 2014

Alpine and subalpine regions of Kumaun Himalaya were surveyed qualitatively and quantitatively for the population study to determine the status of Aconitum ferox and A. heterophyllum. Low population density across the surveyed populations and restricted distribution to specific pockets indicates poor availability of the species in the study area. Illegal and over exploitation of these species pose threat to their...

Author(s): Deepika Bhatt, G. C. Joshi, Ravi Kumar and L. M. Tewari

Impact of climate change in Bangladesh: Role of two governments

March 2014

Bangladesh is a very low energy consuming country; it is pursuing a low carbon growth path, while building its resilience to climate change, and reducing the risk of climate change, which represents national development. Bangladesh is one of the top 10 nations; mostly vulnerable to climate change and by the end of the century, Bangladesh is set to disappear under the waves. Both Bangladesh and India are parties to the...

Author(s): Shakeel Ahmed Ibne Mahmood

Visible near infra-red (VisNIR) spectroscopy for predicting soil organic carbon in Ethiopia

March 2014

Over the past few decades, the advantages of the visible-near infra-red (VisNIR) diffuse reflectance spectrometer (DRS) method have enabled prediction of soil organic carbon (SOC). In this study, SOC was predicted using regression models for samples taken from three sites (Gununo, Maybar and Anjeni) in Ethiopia. SOC was characterized in laboratory using conventional wet chemistry and VisNIR-DRS methods. Principal...

Author(s): Abebe Shiferaw, and Christian Hergarten

Effect of passive acoustic sampling methodology on detecting bats after declines from white nose syndrome

February 2014

Concomitant with the emergence and spread of white-nose syndrome (WNS) and precipitous decline of many bat species in North America, natural resource managers need modified and/or new techniques for bat inventory and monitoring that provide robust occupancy estimates. We used Anabat acoustic detectors to determine the most efficient passive acoustic sampling design for optimizing detection probabilities of multiple bat...

Author(s): Laci S. Coleman, W. Mark Ford, Chris A. Dobony and Eric R. Britzke

Endangering the endangered: Are protected areas save havens for threatened species in Cameroon? Case of Banyang-Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary, South Western Cameroon

February 2014

A hunting survey was conducted in the Banyang-Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary and support zones to estimate bushmeat off-take as a means to understand the current conservation status of protected species in that important area of biodiversity in Cameroon. A total of 756 protected animal carcasses with a total biomass of 6,815 kg, in six taxonomic groups constituted 24% of the total off-take of animals killed or captured by two...

Author(s): Ajonina S. A., Gerhard Wiegleb, Nkwatoh Athanasius Fuashi and Hofer Heribert

Overhead shading and growth of young longleaf pine

February 2014

A study to determine the effects of environmental conditions on the growth of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) was initiated in 1969 on the Escambia Experimental Forest near Brewton, Alabama, USA. This study sample consisted of forty young naturally regenerated, even aged longleaf pine seedlings evenly divided between two soil types. At the beginning of the study, the seedlings were 14 years from seed and ranged in...

Author(s): John C. Gilbert, John S. Kush, Ralph S. Meldahl, William D. Boyer and Dean H. Gjerstad

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