Journal of
Languages and Culture

  • Abbreviation: J. Lang. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6540
  • DOI: 10.5897/JLC
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 132

JLC Articles

Analysis of the prospects and challenges of subtitling as a mode of audiovisual translation in Cameroon

August 2015

This article aims to evaluate the prospects and challenges of subtitling in Cameroon and its positive impacts based on the perceptions of a cross-section of respondents (students) of the University of Buea. The purpose is to assess the effectiveness and the relevance of this mode of audiovisual translation in improving the rate of literacy, its contribution to social development and the level of its use by the most...

Author(s): Ayonghe Lum Suzanne and Carlos Djomo Tiokou

Effective teaching from An-Najah National University M.A. Students’ perspectives

July 2015

This study aimed at exploring effective teaching from An-Najah National University M.A. students’ perspectives.  It also aimed at determining the role of the study variables (gender, accumulative average in BA and the school stage where they teach) in effective teaching from the same perspectives. To achieve these aims, the researchers used structured questionnaire of 21 items which were distributed among 30...

Author(s): Ahmed Awad Amin Mahmoud Raba and Husam Tawfeeq Mohammad Herzallah

The ignored Dardic culture of Swat

June 2015

The Greek historian Herodotus of the fifth century BC used the term “Dadikai” for people now known as Dards or Dardic. He placed the land between Kashmir and Afghanistan as Darada. “Darada” is the Sanskrit term used for the inhabitants of the region. In Pakistan the region is rarely called Dardistan or the people Dard, a Persian word derived from the Sanskrit “darada.” A linguistic...

Author(s): Zubair Torwali

How Green are our Stories? Explorations of ecological subjectivities in Ethiopian children’s literature

June 2015

This study explores the place given to ecological crises in Ethiopian children’s literature. Through examining ecological subject positions in the works, it attempts to investigate values ascribed to nature. More than fifty narratives in fifteen children’s literature books published in Amharic have been considered for the investigation. An Ecocritical approach has been used as a framework to analyze the...

Author(s): Ashenafi Belay Adugna

The effects of cultural knowledge on Iranian EFL students’ reading comprehension across male and female learners

May 2015

Reading comprehension is the most important skill in the absence of oral communication opportunities in foreign language teaching situation. So, the effect of different factors on reading comprehension has been studied. One of these factors is "cultural familiarity" of a text. Is readers' comprehension influenced by "cultural familiarity" of a text? What is the difference between different gender...

Author(s): Danial Shirzadi

Back in the U.S.S.R: A Case Study of English/Russian bilingualism using the model of a flexible bilingual spectrum

April 2015

The fields of Second Language Acquisition (SLA) and bilingualism are combined in this study to describe language experience using a flexible bilingual spectrum model in which political, economic and social factors are used to analyze levels of bilingualism. A native Russian speaker who learned English in the U.S.S.R. is interviewed and the results are analyzed in a case study, showing the language experience analysis...

Author(s): Audrey Burns

Ethiopian sign language and educational accessibility for the deaf community: A case study on Jimma, Nekemte, Addis Ababa and Hawasa towns

March 2015

In comparison with the large number of population they have, the deaf community have not been given due attention in terms of education in Ethiopia. This was the main problem that initiated the researcher to conduct research on this area. The general objective of this study is to assess the educational accessibility of Ethiopian Sign Language for the deaf community. The research is a qualitative one and it was based on...

Author(s): Chimdi Wakuma

Perception and practice of self-assessment in EFL writing classrooms

January 2015

This study investigates the perception and practice of EFL learners and students towards self-assessment. The study was conducted taking 50 second year English major students, who were selected by simple random method, as a representative sample. The study also included 10 EFL writing teachers who were selected by comprehensive sampling method. From the study, it was found that both teachers and students had positive...

Author(s): Medhanit Belachew, Meseret Getinet and  Akililu Gashaye

Shawl industry in Kashmir under the Mughals (1586-1752 A.D)-A critical note

November 2014

Kashmir is known throughout the world for its crafts, above all for shawls. The art of weaving was known to the people of Kashmir even during the ancient times. However, it emerged as a flourishing industry under Sultan Zain-ul-Abidin, though he cannot be credited as its founding father as is believed in popular Kashmiri tradition. The industry received a great impetus during the rule of Mughals. It became a royal...

Author(s): Sulakhan Singh and Showkat Ahmad Dar

Surname change among some Yorùbá Christians

November 2014

In this paper, we react to the claim that surname modification or change by some Yorùbá Christians is a violation of God’s law or a recent development among the Yorùbá people and that it encourages semantic ambiguity in language use or word formation. The data collected include data drawn from previous studies on Yorùbá personal names, the lists of staff of three Nigerian...

Author(s): Reuben O. Ìkọ̀tún and  á»Œmọ́bọ́lá A. Aládésanmí

Concept of family among Kyrgyz and Native American tribes

September 2014

The growth of technology in the world is the highest achievement of present-day civilization, but it is bringing us into a type of life and unifying our style of living, clothes, behavior and even language. Technology has replaced live communication, and this seems to be marring the borderline between diverse cultures as people become more and more technologically dependent. Smaller nations in this globalized world are...

Author(s): Saltanat Mambaeva

Writing both difference and similarity: towards a more unifying and adequate orthography for the newly written languages of Ethiopia: the case of Wolaitta, Gamo, Gofa and Dawuro

September 2014

Among the most important linguistic developments in Ethiopia since 1991, the development of written forms for many languages that did not have orthographies before has been one. By far the most diverse region in terms of the number of languages spoken is the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State (SNNPRS).  This paper deals with the pan-dialectal orthography designed for Wolaitta, Gamo, Gofa and...

Author(s): Hirut Woldemariam

Sociolinguistic challenges of the post-1991 Ethiopian Language Policy

June 2014

Ethiopia has witnessed a history of language policies ranging from pre-1991 linguistic assimilation to the post-1991 official multilingualism. Though many articles have been written on Ethiopia’s current language policy, little attention has been given to the current policy’s challenges and future consequences. Hence, the intention of this article is to reflect upon challenges and future consequences of the...

Author(s): Mesfin Wodajo

Exploring Environmental Discourses in oral literature: Ecocritical analysis of Oromo proverbs

June 2014

This study explored environmental discourses inscribed in Oromo proverbial lore. Its specific concern was with the analysis of place accorded to nature and the role of human’s relation with the physical environment. Oral literature carries values long held in the society, and divulging into folk-ideas reveals the people’s definition of self in relation to nature and their accountability towards it. To this...

Author(s): Ashenafi Belay Adugna

Linguistic sexism as religious offense among the Oromo

April 2014

Linguistic sexism is an act of patronizing one sex in a discourteous way, usually female. Studies show that human languages exhibit some form of linguistic sexism. However, the current discourses about its source and its sociopolitical purposes lack universality. To indicate this gap, as a case in point, this paper tried to unravel the cultural experiences of the Oromo regarding the matter which contradicted with the...

Author(s): Amanuel Raga and Hirut Woldemariam

The language of instruction issue in Tanzania: Pertinent determining factors and perceptions of education stakeholders

April 2014

The purpose of this study was to explore how education stakeholders in Tanzania express their perceptions and concerns regarding the use of English or Kiswahili as language of instruction in Tanzanian schools. The qualitative study was conducted in Tanzania between November 2011 and March 2012. 27 education stakeholders (13 females and 14 males) in five districts across Tanzania were interviewed. It was found out in the...

Author(s): Telli, Godfrey

Narrative prose and its different types

October 2013

In general, prose is a written word which is near to an ordinary, colloquial and oral speech and lack of a literary explanation; for example, the prose of several inscriptions which is in a form of Dari language and literary expla-nation in them that indicates the aim of creating a work in the form of Persian Prose is not clear (Zarin Koob, 1986). In particular, prose is a word, although it is not a usual thing in...

Author(s): Zahra Iranmanesh

Intertextuality of Deor

October 2013

The Deor is a poem found in the Exeter Book and included in the Old English elegies. The main purpose of this contribution is to highlight the possible intertextual links of the poem. After an outline of the old English elegies and a brief review of the most significant passages from the elegies, this short poem will be analyzed stanza by stanza. An attempt will be made to demonstrate that the...

Author(s): Raimondo Murgia

A correlated analysis of students’ SSCE grade and performance in first year Use-of-English: A case study of Fountain University, Osogbo

October 2013

As a result of globalization, there has been need for people of varying backgrounds to interact at both the official and unofficial levels and certain languages such as English, French, German and Arabic have become second languages in many communities of the world, where they serve as languages of communication, interaction and relationships. Nigeria, being a British colony, adopted the English Language as its...

Author(s): Labo-Popoola and S. Olubunmi

The effects of the verbal language on the performance of children with hearing impairments in mathematics in Zimbabwe

October 2013

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of the verbal language (English) on children with Hearing impairments in their performance in mathematics. The study emerged from observation of practice, personal experiences and discussion with fellow teachers. Children under study were drawn from Bulawayo the second largest city and Gweru the third biggest city of Zimbabwe. Questionnaires were completed by a sample...

Author(s): Gloria Charema and John Charema

Survey of research terms used in Afan Oromo: With special reference to three universities in Ethiopia

September 2013

  This study intends to investigate the status of research terms used in Afan Oromo in terms of their standardized level. From the researchers’ observation, it was found that students were using different terms when they write a proposal or the report of their thesis. Having this, the major objective of this research is to survey the research terms used in doing both action and basic research in Afan...

Author(s): Tariku Sime, Teshome Belayneh and Alemayehu Fekede

Perception of Night- A psychodynamically oriented study on Datta and Tagore

September 2013

Poetry and psychoanalysis often intersect; great writers intuitively know things that psychoanalysis can clinically prove. A study of these two domains would likely foster their unity. Keeping this in mind, two poems, Michael Madhusudan Datta’s Night and Tagore’s Night, were psychodynamically analysed. Freud and Jung’s psychoanalytical approach and Kris and Bellak’s theoretical assumptions of ego...

Author(s): Tinni Dutta

Verb Inflection in Xїmt’äŋa (Awwi)

August 2013

  This study was conducted to assess the inflectional forms of verbs in [XÑ—mt’äÅ‹a][i]. It was a descriptive analysis which focused on the specific parts of the structure of verb inflections. The study used theoretical frameworks on verb inflections and qualitative method which were used to gather data from the informants. The central theme of the study was description and discussion of the...

Author(s): Eba Teresa Garoma

Students’ first language writing skills and their English language proficiency as predictors of their English language writing performance

August 2013

This study endeavored to find out whether or not grade 11 students’ L1 (Amharic, in this case) writing and their L2 (English) proficiency could significantly predict their L2 writing. It also investigated whether or not the students’ L2 reading, grammar and vocabulary knowledge could significantly determine their L2 writing. To this end, students’ first semester final English...

Author(s): Abiy Yigzaw

The role of localized materials in learning of FFL students

July 2013

Investigating the role of localized materials in foreign language learning contexts is far from comprehension. This research was an attempt to investigate the effects of localized materials on students’ comprehension in a French foreign language context. 30 male and female Iranian learners of French were asked to read stories written by a native French author, Anna Gavalda and an originally Iranian story by...

Author(s): Sara Mahabadi

The meaning of the Chinese cultural keyword xin

July 2013

In China, the word, xin 心 (often translated as ‘heart’) is frequently used and its concept is central to Chinese culture. However, its meaning is not exactly the same as ‘heart’ in English. Using qigong as the context, this article aims to explore the meaning of xin as a cultural keyword in order to gain an in-depth understanding of Chinese culture and knowledge within that cultural system....

Author(s): Jing Li, Christer Ericsson and Mikael Quennerstedt

In defense of Nigerian pidgin

July 2013

This paper attempts to argue that Nigerian Pidgin is a fully developed language with its own rich lexico-semantics and syntax, which have evolved like any other language through contact and modification. It argues that the semantic and lexical veracity of Nigerian Pidgin cannot be vitiated in spite of its serious marginalization.This position is established based on the outcome of an empirical study carried out on the...

Author(s): Temitope Abiodun Balogun

Cross-cultural communication barriers between staff in overseas-funded enterprises and management strategies for overcoming them

June 2013

The issue of staff management in overseas-funded enterprises is a serious challenge faced by every manager. Because of different personnel management system, different organizational system and different supervision system, lots of troubles have emerged in these enterprises. In view of this, a sound overseas-funded enterprise should build up an effective system to promote healthy development, such as language...

Author(s): Yajun Xie

Culture knowledge and its availability in language teaching and learning in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) contexts

June 2013

  It is a platitude that language teaching is nothing but teaching culture. This study is also another evidence for this saying. In other words, the aim of this study is, in fact, to highlight the role of teaching foreign language culture in language learning and teaching. To achieve this aim, two questionnaires were distributed among the students and teachers who participated in the study in Shiraz, Iran. The...

Author(s): Kamal Heidari Soureshjani

A cross-linguistic investigation of language apology speech act: A case of Persian and Kurdish Children

May 2013

This study aims at exploring the similarities and differences among strategies used in performing speech act of apologizing in Southern Kurdish (Kermanshahi Kurdish) and Persian children. The first goal is to find out whether Kurdish and Persian apologies are formulaic in pragmatic structure as in English apologies or not. The second goal of this study is to investigate the effect of the values assigned to the two...

Author(s): Mohammad Reza Sadeghi

Input enhancement and connected discourse: A case of EFL academic context

May 2013

  This study was an attempt to explore the effect of input enhancement (through interaction and explanation) on EFL (English and Foreign Languages) university language learners’ connected discourse. Participants consisted of 54 EFL junior university language learners randomly divided into two experimental and one control group. Two input enhancement instructions, namely, input enhancement through...

Author(s): Mohammad Reza Sadeghi

Arranged marriage practices of the Vhavenda community of the Vhembe district, Limpopo province, South Africa

April 2013

  The Vhavenḓa groups in the Vhembe district are related to each other. What is not known is how they come to be related. The reason is that they get married to their relatives. The other question is how family are involved in such marriages? Does any person arrange for someone to marry someone else? This paper seeks to investigate arranged marriage practices within the Vhavenḓa community. In particular, it...

Author(s): T. D. Raphalalani and N. M. Musehane

On idiomaticity in English and Arabic: A cross - linguistic study

April 2013

The phenomenon of idiomaticity constitutes a common factor in all living languages and its appreciation is considered the cornerstone of learning and mastering any given language. The semantic, syntactic and pragmatic complexity of idiomatic expressions, in any language, poses a great deal of challenges to learners of that language, and also to translators translating from and/or into it. The main purpose of this paper...

Author(s): Ali Yunis Aldahesh

Analysis of creativity and creative context in oral poetry

March 2013

This study aims to analyse creativity in oral poetry. The focal points are mainly three: the way oral created and /or poetry is produced, the purpose it serves and the research methods employed to diagnose these. It begins with brief introductory analysis of the study of oral poetry in general and proceeds to a descriptive analysis of a sub-genre of Oromoo Oral Poetry. The analysis is...

Author(s): Dereje Fufa Bidu

Exploration and evaluation of the mathematical values inculcation instrument

March 2013

The concept of a values system in education including mathematics education cannot be over emphasized. This is because value based education stands to be the rudiment of classical successes in the attainment of beneficial knowledge, that is the knowledge which is cognizant of the material and spiritual needs of the individual and the society. This study aims at investigating and understanding the underlying factors of...

Author(s): Mukhtar Alhaji Liman, Mohd Burhan Ibrahim and Yusuf Isma’il

‘Can I get an amen?’ The Black gospel church as discourse community and pedagogical model

December 2012

  Too often times, educators assume that Standard English is static, that it is prone to infection from non-school discursive practices, and subsequently take on the role of "language police" by banning non-standard English from the classroom. This narrow view of 'what counts' as academic discourse ignores the organic nature of language, alienates increasing numbers of linguistically diverse...

Author(s): John W. White

The use of first language in developing ideas in second language writing according to Siti Hamin Stapa and Abdul Hameed Abdul Majid

December 2012

  The role of the student’s native language (L1) in second language (L2) instruction has changed over time in significance and scope. It has also been a matter of contention among teachers. While some teachers believe that L1 plays a facilitative role in L2 learning and confidently translate their belief into classroom action, others stand contrary to this view and practice. And, a third group of teachers...

Author(s): Tekle Ferede Metaferia

Phonology of Yem: Phonological processes

December 2012

  This study attempted to analyze phonological processes in Yem, the language under Western Proto-Omotic. It was a descriptive analysis which focused on the specific points of the phonological processes including some descriptions of the segmental phonemes. Hence, the central theme of the study was to provide a descriptive explanation of properties of the phonemes in the target language. The data used in the...

Author(s): Eba Teresa Garoma

Colonialism and the recreation of identity: The Irish Theatre as case study

November 2012

  This study aims at highlighting the role of the Irish theatre in reviving Irish culture and establishing a dependent Irish identity. It also seeks to prove that theatre is used as means of resistance to English colonialism; it presents W. B. Yeats as an example of the Irish dramatists who played a significant role in the recreation of Irish national identity as an independent distinct identity. Actually,...

Author(s): Amal Riyadh Kitishat

The teaching of English in Iran: The place of culture

November 2012

  The present study is an attempt to reveal the attitudes of the Iranian high school and university learners towards the way culture is addressed in ELT (English language teaching) in Iran. Although, research of a similar nature has been done in other countries, the present study complements others by following 300 university and high school learners and it provides another avenue for examining the...

Author(s): Hamid Reza Mahboudi and Farzane Javdani

Between tradition and the requirements of modern life: Hlonipha in Southern Bantu societies, with special reference to Lesotho

October 2012

  Linguistic taboos are still quite widespread in Southern Africa, confronting women with the dilemma of either contravening tradition or agreeing to a radical self-censorship in their communication. This paper, which is exploratory in nature, examines possible rationales for hlonipha and discusses the linguistic, social and ethical implications of hlonipha. It sketches the dilemma young...

Author(s): Ingrid Fandrych

Cases of domestication and foreignization in the translation of Indonesian poetry into English: A preliminary inquiry

October 2012

  When translators are faced with a text that contains culturally sensitive elements, there are different strategies that they can use in translating the text. The strategy being chosen depends on a host of factors that include, among others, the purpose of the translation, the publisher’s power to dictate the translation, the translator’s own ‘power’ and mandate endowed to him/her, as...

Author(s): Rochayah Machali

Using blogs to promote reflective language learning

July 2012

  Education is meant to bring about durable behavioral changes in the learner in terms of knowledge, skills and attitude. In addition to learning specific contents and acquiring skills that are pertinent to certain fields of study, students need to be able to get, from their school experiences, the methods and techniques that help them become life-long learners. Learning how to learn is a vital skill in the...

Author(s): Tekle Ferede Metaferia

Intervention through metacognitive development: A case study of a student with dyslexia and comorbid attention deficit disorder (ADD)

July 2012

  Metacognition can be defined as taking control of and directing one's own thinking processes, and being aware of one's own cognitive strengths and limitations. It is the ability to understand, monitor and self-regulate cognition and is inseparable from intellectual functioning and learning. An important aspect of metacognition is the ability to show reflective awareness about the self, and knowledge...

Author(s): Carol Goldfus

Homonymy as a barrier to mutual intelligibility among speakers of various dialects of Afan Oromo

February 2012

  This study intended to scrutinize how homonymous lexical items in Afan Oromo result in misunderstandings and confusions among speakers from differing dialect areas. The data for this study were collected from two groups of informants. The first category of informants consisted of twenty high school Afan Oromo teachers who have acquaintance with the media and people...

Author(s): Amanuel Raga and Samuel Adola

Learners of medical English as problem posers/solvers tackling real-life concerns

February 2012

  To come to a critical understanding of personal experiences and existing knowledge, and to actively engage in knowledge production, an education based on problem posing and problem solving activities can open up the space to focus on people’s real life concerns and come to local solutions for personal problems. The present study is an account of how centralizing themes and concerns from learners’...

Author(s): Sue-san Ghahremani-Ghajar and Masoumeh Shabanzadeh

Strategies used in the translation of allusions in Hafiz Shirazi's poetry

January 2012

  A translator who examines a text with a view to translate it will have a number of concerns. Among them, allusions are likely to become puzzles when they cross a cultural divide. Translating allusions can be a demanding task due to the fact that they simultaneously activate two texts and have specific meanings in the culture and language in which they arise but not _ necessarily in others. However, the use of...

Author(s): Naeimeh Bahrami

Language use in the Islamic faith in Cameroon: The case of a Mosque in the city of Maroua

January 2012

  This paper examines language use and religion, paying special attention to the languages of religious practices and the factors that determine the choice of these languages in a given polity. The data are drawn from a series of Friday congregational prayers in the main Mosque of the city of Maroua, the headquarters of the Far North region of Cameroon, an area where the Islamic faith has a high concentration...

Author(s): Jean-Paul Kouega and François G. Baimada

Malaysian educational policy for national integration: Contested terrain of multiple aspirations in a multicultural nation

January 2012

  This article discusses multiple perceptions and views about policy in Malaysian education policy which aims for achieving national integration in a multicultural setting. The discussion in this article is based on the policy research about Malaysian education policy and ethnicity issues that continue to be an important aspect in Malaysian education policy process aimed at achieving integration through the...

Author(s): Hazri Jamil and Santhiram R. Raman

The bridegroom’s companion in Odia: A study in socio-cultural semantics

December 2011

A few Odia (earlier Oriya) lexicographers have accepted /ma:rkuNDi/ as a native word with the following meaning: ‘a boy accompanying the bridegroom to the bride’s house for marriage.’ But interestingly this boy cannot be just any boy; but either the bridegroom’s brother or cousin. Thus, /ma:rkuNDi/ represents a special role in the Odia society. I intend to discuss the socio-semantic aspects of...

Author(s): Panchanan Mohanty

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