African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007

AJPS Articles in press

Article in Press

Predicting aflatoxin content in peanuts using ambient temperature, soil temperature and soil moisture content during pod development

Higher than acceptable aflatoxin levels in peanut kernels (Arachis hypogaea L.) and related products is a worldwide food safety concern. Strict regulatory standards by major importers of peanuts limit the marketability of peanuts for many developing tropical countries including Zambia. The incidence of pre-harvest aflatoxins is strongly linked to soil and weather conditions during pod-development. This study aimed to...

Author(s):Hendrix Muma Chalwe, Obed Isaac Lungu, Alice Mutiti Mweetwa, Elijah Phiri, Jones Yengwe, Samuel Muriu Christopher Njoroge, Rick Lynn Brandenburg, and David Jordan

Article in Press

Influence of combined application of P fertilizer and lime on Mucunaflagellipes nodulation, growth and yield

Field studies were carried out in theTeaching and Research farm of Cross River University of Technology, Obubra, Nigeria in 2016 and 2017 cropping seasons to determine the effects of lime and phosphorus on the nodulation ofMucunaflagellipes. The experimental design was a 3 x 4 factorial of three lime rates: 0, 1 and 2 t CaCO3/ha and four P rates: 0, 20, 40 and 60 kg P /ha laid out in a randomized complete block...

Author(s):Agba , O. A and Eze, S. C.

Article in Press

Genetic variability studies of some quantitative traits in cowpea (vigna unguiculata l. [walp]) under water stress

This research was conducted to study genetic variability of some quantitative traits in varieties of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. [Walp.]) under water stressed under Zaria Sudan Savannah, Nigeria. Seven varieties of cowpea (Sampea 1, Sampea 2, IAR1074, Sampea 7, Sampea 8, Sampea 10 and Sampea 12) collected from Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru, Zaria were screened for tolerance to water stress. The seeds were...

Author(s):Magashi A. I, Shawai R. S, Muhammad A and Ibrahim M. B

Article in Press

Integration Effect of Post-Emergence Herbicides and Hand Weeding on Yield and Yield Components of Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) in Assosa, Western Ethiopia

A field experiment was conducted during 2013 and 2015 with the goal of investigating the integration effect of hand weeding and post-emergence herbicides on yield and yield components of soybean at the research farm of Assosa Agricultural Research Center in Western Ethiopia. This study evaluated fourteen treatments: pre-emergence spray of Codal-Gold (or s-metolachlor 162.5 g L-1 + prometryn 250 g L-1) at 1.5 L ha-1 and 2.5...

Author(s):Minyahil Kebede, Assefa Gidesa

Article in Press

Evaluation of triticale (X. Triticosecale Wittmack) genotypes for adult plant resistance to stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici)

Stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici) is one of the three rust diseases that infect triticale (X. Triticosecale Wittmack). Twenty-six triticale genotypes were evaluated for adult plant resistance (APR) to stem rust (Sr) infection in the greenhouse in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). R-TR (resistant –trace or minimal uredinia) reactions were observed on 6 genotypes EUT046, EUT59, EUT090, EUT093, 118 and...

Author(s):Isaiah Aleri, James O. Owuoche, Pascal P. Okwiri Ojwang

Article in Press

Spatial Variation in Population Structure of Prunus africana (Hook. F) Kalkm. in Western Mau Forest, Kenya

Prunus africana (Hook. f) Kalkman, 1965 is a geographically widespread tree restricted to highland forest of Africa mainland and outlying islands. The species is commercially important for its bark, which is used in the treatment of prostate gland disorders. It also produces high quality timber used for building and furniture as well as fuel wood. Despite the fact that Mau forest is a protected area, it experiences illegal...

Author(s):Gladys Chebet, Paul K. Mbugua, and Rebecca N. Karanja

Article in Press

HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY IN AFRICAN EGGPLANT (Solanum aethiopicum L.)

The choice of breeding method for genetic improvement of a crop depends on the nature of gene action involved in the expression of its quantitative traits. Hybrid vigour has become a potential tool for genetic improvement of many crops. This study examined heterosis and gene action controlling yield and yield-related traits for selection among eggplant breeding lines. Four breeding lines of Solanum aethiopicum namely:...

Author(s):G.O. Ige, D.K. Ojo, O.A. Oduwaye, A.W. Salau, V.A. Chikaleke, O.A. Oyetunde

Article in Press

Conservation Tillage Based Annual Intercropping System: A means for Sustainable Crop Production: a review

The objective of this paper was to provide an inclusive view and evaluation of conservation tillage based annual intercropping, summarizing their main advantages and challenges to use as compared to conventional crop production system. Conservation tillage based intercropping (CTBI) controls soil erosion caused by conventional tillage based sole/mono-cropping as compared to conventional crop production system. Its long...

Author(s):Yayeh Bitew and Merkuz Abera

Article in Press

Molecular marker-assisted breeding advances and breeding options: Constrains to Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp (Cowpea) production

Application of molecular markers in the establishment of germplasm characteristics is a common development in the recent years. Molecular markers have been applied in a wide range of crops like maize, rice among others, including cowpeas. With regards to cowpea studies that have been carried out in the recent years, systematic literature on molecular markers used in cowpea is limited. This literature review presents an...

Author(s):Irene Akoth Onyango, Evans Nyaboga, Fred Wamnyokoli, Peter Kinyanjui

Article in Press

Adaptability and Performance evaluation of Recently Released Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. L.) Varieties at West and Kellem Wollega Zones under Supplementary Irrigation

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) is one of the most important edible and nutritious vegetable crops in the world. A field experiment was conducted at Meti and Kombolcha sub sites of Kellem Wollega, and Inango of West Wollega zones in Western Ethiopia, during the 2016/2017 and 2017/2018 cropping season under supplementary irrigation. A total of 11 tomato varieties collected from Melkasa Agricultural Research Center...

Author(s):Kibiru Kena, Zewdu Tegenu, Ashenafi Debela, Admasu Raga

Article in Press

ANATOMICAL ASPECTS OF FICUS HISPIDA LINN. (MORACEAE)

The present investigation was made on Ficus hispida linn to know anatomical study concerning leaf, stem and root structure. The aim was to highlight the anatomical features of Ficus hispida linn contribute with more information concerning the knowledge of anatomy. Ficus hispida linn Belongs to the family Moraceae, less reports was available on anatomical studies, hence present attempt was undertaken to investigate the ...

Author(s):Sneha Y. Ingle and K. V. Kothale

Article in Press

Traits Association and Path Coefficient Analysis of Yield and related Traits in Rainfed Lowland Rice (Oryza sativa L) Genotypes in North Western Ethiopia

The current study was conducted to assess the trait association and path analyses in thirty six rain fed lowland rice genotypes at two locations. The aim of this present study was to estimate the extent of association between pairs of characters at phenotypic and genotypic levels and thereby compare the direct and indirect effects of the characters. The field experiment was laid out in 6x6 simple lattice design with two...

Author(s):Tefera Abebe, Sentayehu Alamerew and Leta Tulu

Article in Press

Morphological Characterization of Blackberry (Rubus subgenus Rubus Watson) Genetic Resources in Kenya

The variation of morphological and physiological traits of blackberry (Rubus subgenus Rubus Watson) is vital for successful breeding of the fruit crop. The objective of this study was to characterize blackberry accessions in-situ using morphological descriptors in Kenya. Each blackberry accession was nested within its county of collection. A phylogenetic tree was then constructed using the Gower’s coefficient which...

Author(s):Jared A. Ochieng, Robert M. Gesimba, Maurice E. Oyoo, Paul C. Korir and James O. Owuoche and Miheso M

Article in Press

Growth, Yield Component and Yield Response of Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum L. Var. Durum) to Blended NPS Fertilizer supplemented with N rates at Arsi Negelle, Central Ethiopia

Proper type and amount of fertilizer application is the major factor that affects yield and yield components of durum wheat. Hence, field experiment was carried out on farmer’s field to determine the effect of blended NPS Fertilizer (19% Nitrogen, 38% P205 and 7% Sulfur) in combination with nitrogen on growth, yield components, and yield of durum wheat. Factorial combinations of three blended NPS levels (100, 150, and 200...

Author(s):Tilahun Abera Ishete,Tamado Tana

Article in Press

Optimization of in vitro protocol for mass propagation of V6-2-888 sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) variety using shoot-tip as explant

An efficient protocol for mass propagation of V6-2-888 sugarcane variety was optimized under this study. The shoot-tips used as an explant were surface sterilized with 0.3% (w/v) Kocide for an hour, 70% ethanol for 30 seconds and 5% Sodium hypochlorite solution for 25 minutes. Then sterilized shoot-tips were cultured on MS medium supplemented with 2mg/l BAP and 0.5mg/l IBA, 3% sucrose and 7g/l agar-agar powder. 0.5mg/l BAP...

Author(s):BEZA KINFE and BELAINESH Ararsa

Article in Press

Control of Fungal Pathogens of Postharvest Rot of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) using Aqueous and Ethanol Leaf Extracts of Mahogany (Khaya senegalensis) in Hong Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria

Fungi are associated with heavy losses of seeds, fruits, grains, vegetables and other plant products in transit and storage rendering them unfit for human consumption. The used of synthetic fungicide has a great effect on human consumption, hence the need for safer control. A research was conducted in Hong local government area of Adamawa State of Nigeria (the most prominent groundnut farming community in the state). The...

Author(s):Asama, P., Channya, F. K. and Anjili, S. M.

Article in Press

Effect of Nitrogen Application Rates on the Growth, Yield and Yield Attributes of Onion in Semi -Arid areas of Tigray, Ethiopia

An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of different levels of nitrogen (N) fertilizer on the bulb yield and yield components of onion grown on a clay soils of Wukro district, Tigray, Ethiopia under irrigation for two years. In this experiment six levels of N (i.e., 0, 23, 46, 69, 92, & 115 Kg/ha) were used. The experiment was arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The...

Author(s):Niguse Abebe, Tadesse Abadi, Asmamaw and Harnet Abreha

Article in Press

GROWTH AND YIELD OF HIGH PROTEIN CORN (Zea mays L.) AS INFLUENCED BY PLANT SPACING AND NPK LEVELS

In crop production, major production variables that a producer can manipulate to influence the production of a given crop are agronomic practices, fertilizer levels and plant spacing require special attention in the changing climatic condition. This study aimed to establish appropriate plant spacing and NPK levels. The following treatments were used: plant spacing (P1 70 cm x 20 cm; P2 60 cm x 25 cm; P3 60 cm x 20 cm)...

Author(s):Arnold V. Damaso and Mario B. Agustin

Article in Press

Genetic Variation for Grain Yield and Yield Related Traits of Released Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Varieties in Abergelle District, Northern Ethiopia

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) also known as monkey-nut, peanut, earthnut and goobers, is a major cash crop and widely grown in all the tropical and subtropical regions of the world for direct use as food, oil and high protein meal, and is the second most important lowland oilseed crop after sesame in Ethiopia. However, its production and productivity is considerably low in Abergelle areas, Northern Ethiopia due to...

Author(s):Fantaye Belay, Hintsa Meresa, Shambel Syum, Gebretnsae G, Berhane Girmay and Atsbha Gebreslasie

Article in Press

Effects of different rates of organic and in-organic fertiliser combinations on growth and yield of cuccumber (Cuccumis sativus L)

Organic manures are becoming important in the smallholder sector because of their ability to maintain ecosystem health and cheaply replenish nutrients that are lost due to soil erosion, leaching and crop removal. A field experiment was conducted in Mjinga communal area in Hurungwe District of Zimbabwe between July and October 2015, under irrigation to investigate the effects of organic manure application rates on the...

Author(s):Franc GOTOSA, Ezekia SVOTWA and Debra Rumbudzai KATSARUWARE

Article in Press

Introgression of adult plant resistance genes and marker assisted selection for leaf rust resistance in an F2 population of Kana, a released wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar in Zimbabwe

The incorporation of rust resistance genes into wheat cultivars is the most economic and effective approach of controlling rusts. The objective of this research was to incorporate adult plant resistance genes 'Lr34 and Lr68' into the rust susceptible commercial cultivar Kana+Sr2, Lr46'. Cultivar Parula+Sr2, Lr34' Lr46, Lr68' was used as the donor parent. Sequence tagged site markers, namely csLV34 and csGS were used to...

Author(s):Bruce Mutari, Sripada Mahabala Udupa, Peter Mavindidze, Charles Shelton Mutengwa

Article in Press

Screening sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. (Moench) genotypes for resistance to covered kernel smut disease under artificial field inoculation

Covered kernel smut, caused by Sporisorium sorghi is a major threat to sorghum (S. bicolor L. (Moench) production globally resulting in yield losses as high as 75% on susceptible sorghum in Zimbabwe. Twelve sorghum genotypes were screened to determine the incidence and severity of covered kernel smut under field conditions during the 2014/15 growing season. In addition, the trial was done under artificial field inoculation...

Author(s):Marco Mare, Lindsay Phiri, Busiso Olga Mavankeni and Brenda Manenji

Article in Press

Evaluation of early drought tolerant maize genotypes under low nitrogen conditions

One way to improve maize yields in drought prone small holder farming areas, where soils are mostly sandy with low organic matter and low cation exchange capacity is through breeding for drought tolerance and high nitrogen use efficiency. Low N tolerant cultivars have enhanced uptake capacity for nitrogen or have more efficient use of absorbed N in grain production hence are superior in the utilization of available N. An...

Author(s):Goredema, N. E., Svotwa, E., Soropa, G., Goredema, N., Musiyandaka, S. and Mashingaidze A. B.

Article in Press

Variation in chemical composition of Trigonella foenum-graecum L. essential oils with plant developmental stage and ploidy level

The present study was conducted to evaluate the variation in secondary metabolites production by diploid and mixoploid Trigonella foenum-graecum L. collected at vegetative, flowering and fruiting stages. Diploid and mixoploid plants were grown from, respectively, untreated and treated seeds with colchicine 0.05%. The essential oils composition was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The results...

Author(s):Faten Omezzine, Chokri Messaoud, Sameh Ben Jaballah and Rabiaa Haouala

Article in Press

Genetic diversity assessment of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes using SSR markers and morpho-agronomic traits

A narrow genetic base may lead to genetic vulnerability against biotic and abiotic stresses. In order to assess the level of diversity among 28 bread wheat genotypes, characterization was done using 21 Simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers alongside 27 morpho-agronomic traits. Based on morpho-agronomic data, the genotypes were grouped into three clusters. The first three principal components explained 23.92, 14.92 and...

Author(s):Bruce Mutari, Sripada Mahabala Udupa, Peter Mavindidze and Charles Shelton Mutengwa

Article in Press

Principal component analysis: A tool for multivariate analysis of genetic variability

A variable is a factor, quantity, character or symbol with values, which vary in contrast to a constant value that is fixed. Genetic variability refers to the differences inherent in the genomes of organisms. Multivariate analysis is a set of techniques dedicated to the analysis of data sets with more than one response variable. It involves a mathematical procedure, which transforms a number of correlated variables into...

Author(s):Ogwu, M. C. and Osawaru, M. E.

Article in Press

Traditional knowledge and economic importance of Ferula assa-foetida in the rural areas of southeastern Iran

Traditional knowledge is considered as knowledge, innovations, practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional life-styles; the wisdom developed over many generations, of holistic traditional scientific utilization of lands, natural resources and environment. Traditional knowledge is valid and necessary, and due to its relevance, it currently has wide application for human benefit. Many people in...

Author(s):Farhood Golmohammadi

Article in Press

Developing Kabuli Chickpea (Cicier arietinum L) Genotypes for Drought Prone Environment and Utilization and Nutritional Assessment in the Eastern Amahara

Chickpea has become an important legume, accounting for more than 15% of Ethiopian legumes with about one million households engaged in its production. The objective of this study was to develop and select high yielding, bold seeded chickpea that fulfilled the required standard for export and relatively early maturing genotype that can do well in the terminal moisture stress area of the region, from 2009/10 and 2011/12...

Author(s):Fikru Mekonnen

Article in Press

Response of some cabbage varieties to black rot (Xanthomonas campestris pv.campestris) in Southwest Ethiopia

Black rot disease caused by bacteria Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris is one of the destructive diseases that affect cabbage plant. However, host- pathogen interaction study is not yet documented in cabbage growing area of southwest Ethiopia. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to know host pathogen interaction of the pathogen strains collected from major cabbage growing areas of southwest Ethiopia. The study...

Author(s):Mulat Tsegaye, Girma Adugna and Fikre Lemessa

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