African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007

AJPS Articles in press

Utilization and Management Practices of Highland Bamboo (Yushinia alpine) in Sheybench District, Southwestern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Bamboo is a multipurpose NTFP for day-to-day life of community and provides a cost-effective return in the short term. Even though Ethiopia is well endowed with bamboo resources, the existing utilization pattern, management practices and status of bamboo resource was not well explored. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess existing utilization, management and status of bamboo resources in Sheybench District. This...

Author(s):Fayera Bakala, Tirusew Teshale and Tewodros Girma

Frequency and spectrum of morphological mutants induced by gamma rays and EMS in M2 generation of chickpea

Article in Press

The present study was undertaken in order to find out the frequency and spectrum of morphological mutants induced by gamma rays and EMS in chickpea. The Co-4 variety of chickpea was treated with different doses/concentration of gamma rays and EMS to create genetic variability. The M2 progenies of these treatments were raised from M1 seeds. Various morphological mutations were carefully screened from M2 generation. The...

Author(s):Umavathi. S and L. Mullainathan

Evaluation of NPS Fertilizer on Yield and Economic Performance of New Variety of Hot Pepper (Capsicuaim annum) in Tanqua Abergelle, Central Tigray, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Hot pepper (Capsicum annum L.) is one of the major economically important horticultural crops in Tanqua-Abergelle district. However, its productivity is low mainly due to soil nutrient deficiency and the use of unappropriated rate of fertilizer Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and Sulphur (S) are the most deficient elements in the area. The experiments were designed to study the effect of NPS levels accompanied with one level...

Author(s):Hintsa Meresa, Fantay Belay, Atsbaha Gebreslase and Kassa Melese

Univariate stability analysis and relationship among parameters for grain yield and related agronomic traits of striga resistant sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] hybrids in Ethiopia

Article in Press

The procedures in the selection of good performing and stable genotypes are complicated by the phenomenon of genotype by environment interaction to recommend new sorghum genotypes for different environments. Therefore, 49 genotypes (hybrids + varieties) were tested at five locations in a simple lattice design with two replications during the 2016 main cropping season to estimate the magnitude and nature of GEI for yield...

Author(s):Fantaye Belay, Firew Mekbib and Taye Tadesse

Correlation and Path Coefficient Analyses of Grain Yield and Yield Components of Food Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Genotypes in East Shewa, Oromia

Article in Press

Evaluation of genotypes for association traits contributing to grain yield and generation of genetic information on complex traits were the key steps in plant breeding to develop varieties for the targeted area of production. Hence, this research was conducted at Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center in Mid Rift Valley of Ethiopia where twenty-five food barley genotypes were tested in 5 x 5 lattice design with three...

Author(s):Temesgen Dinsa, Firew Mekbib, Tesfaye Letta

Assessment of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Chocolate Spot (Botrytis fabae Sard.) in West Shoa, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The growing significance of faba bean as an export crop in Ethiopia has directed to a transformed interest by farmers to increase the area under production; however, its production is mainly inhibited by chocolate spot disease driven by the fungus Botrytis fabae. Disease survey was conducted in five districts (Ambo, Toke-kutaye, Dandi, Chelia and Diree-inchini) of West Shoa zone to assess the disease intensity of chocolate...

Author(s):Alemayehu Wendimu, Woubit Dawit, Netsanet Bacha

Nutrient composition and cultivation of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) using elephant grass leaf (Pennisetum purpureum ) supplemented with cotton seed waste

Article in Press

ABSTRACT The main aim of this study was to report the usability of P. purpureum leaf a major substrate for cultivation of oyster (P.ostreatus) mushroom with supplement of different proportion of cotton seed waste. The pure culture of the oyster mushroom was maintained on potato dextrose agar, and the spawn was prepared on yellow colored sorghum and sterilized substrate was inoculated with 10% of the spawn wet basis on...

Author(s):GURMESSA TESEMA, ASEFA KENENI

Genetic Variablity and Association of Traits in Ethiopian Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Genotypes at Holetta, Central Ethiopia

Article in Press

Ethiopia is the secondary centre of diversity of barley, and has large number accessions preserved in its gene bank. To determine the genetic variability and to assess the associations among morpho-agronomic characters, three hundred twenty Ethiopian barley genotypes were evaluated in 2017 main-season at Holeta Agricultural Research Centre using 20 x16 Alpha Lattice design. The analysis of variance showed that there were...

Author(s):Tigist Shiferaw, Berhanu Abate, Berhane Lakew

Biochemical Composition Based Enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw) cheesman) Diversity Study Using Multivariate Analysis in Sheka Zone, Southwest Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study on enset (E.ventricosum) diversity, based on its kocho and bulla proximate contents was done in major enset producing areas of Sheka zone in three agro-ecologies of the districts (Yaki (lowland), Andiracha (mid-land) and Masha (highland) Southwest Ethiopia. The result of the analysis revealed that there were variations among all concerned clones. Highest dry matters were recorded in bulla of all clones though...

Author(s):Neim Semman, Weyessa Garedew and Tewodros Mulualem

Phytochemical investigation on the roots of Withania somnifera

Article in Press

Withania somnifera Family Solanaccae has found various uses in ayurvedic and traditional system of medicine for treatment of various health effects such as nervous and sexual disorders, tumor, malaria, tuberculosis, stomaace and arthritis in many parts of the world including Ethiopia.The present study was carried out to investigate the phytochemical and structural elucidation of compounds from methanol extract of Withinia...

Author(s):Zinabwa Hailu Tadele, Eyasu Gebrie Ajebe and and Temesgen Nurlign

Investigations on the Performance of Potential Botanicals against Cashew Powdery Mildew Disease in Tanzania

Article in Press

Studies on five potential botanicals locally known as Kimbinga, Mnyaa, Mwarobaini, Lipangati, Kibamba against cashew powdery mildew disease caused by the fungus Oidium anacardii were conducted in the field and in vitro during the 2012/2013 cashew season. The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of botanicals against cashew powdery mildew disease in Tanzania. Field studies were carried out on six cashew...

Author(s):Dominic Menge and Shamte H. Shomari

Response of maize (Zea mays L.) varieties to various NPS fertilizer levels in West Shoa, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The experiment was carried out in Toke Kutaye, Ethiopia to enhance maize yield. Three hybrid varieties of maize and five NPS nutrients levels 1 were laid out in a randomized complete block design with factorial arrangement with three replications. Analysis of variance showed that the main effect of varieties and NPS levels had significant effect on days to tasseling (80%), silking (80%, physiological maturity (80%), grains...

Author(s):Reta Ajema Soboka, Thomas Abraham, Endale Bekele and Gudeta Nepir

Survey and Identification of Rice Diseases in South Gondar Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Disease surveys were conducted in rice grown districts of Libokemkem, Dera and Fogera in south Gondar zone in 2016 and 2017 cropping seasons. The study was designed to identify and record rice disease flora, their distribution in the districts, prioritize according to the importance and document for future use. Forty-six and 48 rice fields were assessed from nine Peasant Association (PA) in 2016 and 2017 cropping seasons,...

Author(s):Tekalign Zeleke Muluadam Birhan, Wubneh Ambachew

Category of Resistance, Antixenosis, Antibiosis, and Tolerance to Pea Aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Selected Lentil Genotypes (Lens Culinaris Medikus)

Article in Press

The pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris) is an economically important insect pest of lentil in Ethiopia. The current study was conducted to determine the mechanisms (antibiosis, antixenosis, and tolerance) of resistance in six lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus.) genotypes to pea aphid. Three released varieties (Alemaya, Chalew, and R-186), three accessions (ILL-2595 and ILL-4422, and ILL-7664) and one susceptible...

Author(s):Geteneh Mitku, Tebkew Damte and Mulatu Wakgari

Multivariate Analysis among Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L) Genotypes in Mid Rift Valley of Oromia, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Multivariate analysis techniques are suitable in identification plant traits separately and it helps breeders to genetic improvement of traits in bread wheat genotypes. This research was conducted at Adami Tulu, mid rift valley of Oromia, Ethiopia, with the objectives of studying the extent of clustering of bread wheat genotypes and identifying the important traits in distinguishing the genotypes. A total of 36 bread wheat...

Author(s):Urgaya Balcha, Firew Mekbib and Dagnachew Lule

PROXIMATE ANALYSIS OF SWEET POTATO (POMEA BATATASS L.) GROWN IN TWO DIFFERENT ZONES IN IMO STATE

Article in Press

Proximate analysis of Ipomea batatass L. grown in two different locations in Imo State were investigated. Standard soil analytical method was used to determine the physiochemical contents of the two soil sample collected from Mgbidi and Orji Ipomea batatass L. farm land. The soil sand from Ipomea batatass L. root in Orji farm recorded highest percentage value of 75.00% compared to the soil sand Ipomea batatass L. root in...

Author(s):Umeoka, N., Ogbonnaya, C. I. and Ohazurike, N. C.

Study of traditionally used ethnomedicinal plants in different parts of Anantnag District, Kashmir Himalaya.

Article in Press

Anantnag District is one of the districts of Kashmir with many remote areas where present day medicare facilities are lacking, and people generally depend on indigenous traditional plant based medicare system. The district has not been explored for its medicinal plants yet. The aim of this study was to document the medicinal plants used in the area to treat different human ailments. Personal observations of the utilization...

Author(s):Sabzar A Malik and Gowher A Wani

Evaluation of Improved Tomato Varieties (Lycopersicom esculentum Mill) Performance for Yield and Yield Components under irrigated Condition

Article in Press

Water is a scarce resource. Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) is grown in wet season and in dry season. For its dry season cultivation, alternative water sources are used for watering, but these sources are not sustainable in Burkina Faso. The aim of this study was to determine water deficit effect on okra’s behavior. Five genotypes of okra were subjected to three water regimes (i) T1: watering at 100% of soil field capacity...

Author(s):Gezahegn Fikre

Competitiveness and symbiotic effectiveness of rhizobial inoculants on field pea (Pisum sativum) under field condition

Article in Press

Field pea (Pisum sativum) is widely cultivated in Ethiopia as a source of protein and integrated in crop rotation to improve soil fertility for it fixes nitrogen with rhizobia. However, effectiveness in nitrogen fixation depends upon the selection of symbiotically effective rhizobia to enhance production. Thus, a study was conducted to evaluate the performance of three inoculants (isolates); FBR 11, FBR 15, FBR 23 on...

Author(s):Asrat Mekonnen and Fassil Assefa

Studies on Character Association and Path Coefficient Analysis in Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) for Tuber Yield and Its Attributes

Article in Press

Measurement of correlation coefficients helps to identify the relative contribution of component characters towards yield. The present study was conducted to estimate association among traits and direct and indirect effects of traits on tuber yield under the rain fed condition in 2017 in two locations of central Ethiopia. A total of 20 improved varieties and one local farmers` potato cultivar were field tested in a...

Author(s):Lemma Tessema, Wassu Mohammed, Tesfaye Abebe

Suppressive Effect of Grasses against Growth of Parthenium (Parthenium hysterephus L.)

Article in Press

Experiment was carried out to study the suppressive effect of some grasses on the growth and development of parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus L.). The experiment was consisted of three grasses (Cenchrus ciliaris L., Pennisetum perpureum, Panicum maximum Jacq) with their four mixture of sowing which was arranged in replacement series. From this experiment the effect of different grasses mixture significantly suppress the...

Author(s):Tesfay Amare

Distribution and Occurrence of Wheat Stem Rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici) in Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Wheat stem rust (black rust) is one of the most important airborne diseases of wheat (Triticum aestivum) caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici remains a constraint to the world’s wheat production. Because of the sudden changes in stem rust race patterns, commercial varieties tend to become vulnerable globally at large and particularly in Ethiopia. It was responsible to cause 6.2 million metric tonnes per year or...

Author(s):Gizachew Hirpa Regasa Girma Adugna Senbeta, Netsanet Bacha Hei

Spatial statistical modeling of Multi-Environment Trials (MET) data: the case of malt barley trial in Ethiopia

Article in Press

Selection of superior genotype is one of the basic objectives of the plant breeding. To aid with this objective, plant breeders grow their crops across target environments. Understanding the pattern of response across these environments is an integral component of selection of superior and stable genotypes. A set of multi-environment trials (MET) data from the national variety trial series grown over four years was taken...

Author(s):Diriba Tadese, Berhane Lakew, Girma Taye

Genotype x Environment Interaction and Yield Stability of Striga Resistant Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] Hybrids in Ethiopia

Article in Press

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) known as a Camel crop of cereals, is among the dominant staple food grains for the majority of Ethiopians. In spite of biotic and abiotic stress tolerance, the procedures in the selection of good performing and stable genotypes are complicated by the phenomenon of genotype by environment interaction; therefore, interaction is the major concern to plant breeders to develop improved...

Author(s):Fantaye Belay, Firew Mekbib and Taye Tadesse

Enhancing productivity of Teff through Demonstration of Improved Teff Variety Dz-Cr-387 (KQuncho): Case of Weri-Lekhe Wereda, Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Pre-extension popularization of Kuncho was conducted in Weri-Lekhe Wereda at Enda-Chewa and Ma’ekelawi kebelles. The study seeks to conduct demonstration of KQuncho (Dz-cr-387) varieties to the smallholder farmers and assess the performance of the varieties at farmers’ management practice. The 186 farmers (162 male and 24 female headed households) were selected purposively from the Productive Safety Net Program...

Author(s):Gebru Brhane, Fantaye Belay, Tsegay Gebreselassie, and Daniel Desta

Genetic Variability and Divergence of Drought Tolerant Open Pollinated Maize (Zea mays L.) Genotypes Grown Under Random Stress in Jigjiga, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Low-moisture availability is one of the major causes for grain yield reduction in dry land areas. Twenty-four open pollinated maize genotypes were evaluated in a randomized complete block design at the main research station of Jigjiga Pastoral and Agricultural Research Centre to assess performance, variability and heritabilities of important traits. The recorded range and mean performances as well as significant genotypic...

Author(s):Kibrom Fisseha, Firew Mekbib and Gezahegn Bogale

USE OF BOTANICAL EXTRACTS ON THE CONTROL OF THE COWPEA BLACK APHID (Aphis craccivora Koch)

Article in Press

Botanical extracts from brazilian caatinga plants have been pointed out as having potential insecticidal effect. It is supposed that the botanical extracts of Ziziphus joazeiro, Caesalpinia ferrea e Mimosa caesalpiniifolia present insecticidal activity against the cowpea black aphid. It was aimed to evaluate the action of different botanical extracts under two concentrations and two storage times, on the control of Aphis...

Author(s):Victor Emmanuel De Vasconcelos Gomes, Jefferson Auteliano Carvalho Dutra, Mirla Maria Mesquita Almeida

Response of Improved and Local Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Cultivars to Nitrogen Fertilizer at Haramaya, Eastern Ethiopia

Article in Press

A field experiment was conducted on a research field of Haramaya University during the 2012 main cropping season to determine the relative agronomic and tuber quality performances of potato varieties in response to nitrogen (N) application. The treatments consisted of four N rates (0, 55, 110 and 165 kg N ha-1), and two improved (Bubu and Zemen) and three local (Batte, Daddafa and Jarso) varieties. The experiment was laid...

Author(s):Hailu Duguma Muleta, Nigussie Dechassa and Jemal Abdulahi

Physiological responses of banana plantlets to salinity and potassium humate under in vitro growth system

Article in Press

Salt stress represent a significant problem for many agricultural crops which affecting growth and productivity. In banana, which act as a vital food crop globally, salt stress is one of the main constraints for growth and productivity. This study aims to increase the knowledge about physiological responses of banana to salt stress and investigate the effect of potassium humate in increasing salinity tolerance of banana...

Author(s): A. Refaiy, N. R. El-Sherbini, S. EL-Kosary, A. S. El-Khawaga, S. A. Hassan

Integration Effect of Post-Emergence Herbicides and Hand Weeding on Yield and Yield Components of Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) in Assosa, Western Ethiopia

Article in Press

A field experiment was conducted during 2013 and 2015 with the goal of investigating the integration effect of hand weeding and post-emergence herbicides on yield and yield components of soybean at the research farm of Assosa Agricultural Research Center in Western Ethiopia. This study evaluated fourteen treatments: pre-emergence spray of Codal-Gold (or s-metolachlor 162.5 g L-1 + prometryn 250 g L-1) at 1.5 L ha-1 and 2.5...

Author(s):Minyahil Kebede, Assefa Gidesa

Spatial Variation in Population Structure of Prunus africana (Hook. F) Kalkm. in Western Mau Forest, Kenya

Article in Press

Prunus africana (Hook. f) Kalkman, 1965 is a geographically widespread tree restricted to highland forest of Africa mainland and outlying islands. The species is commercially important for its bark, which is used in the treatment of prostate gland disorders. It also produces high quality timber used for building and furniture as well as fuel wood. Despite the fact that Mau forest is a protected area, it experiences illegal...

Author(s):Gladys Chebet, Paul K. Mbugua, and Rebecca N. Karanja

HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY IN AFRICAN EGGPLANT (Solanum aethiopicum L.)

Article in Press

The choice of breeding method for genetic improvement of a crop depends on the nature of gene action involved in the expression of its quantitative traits. Hybrid vigour has become a potential tool for genetic improvement of many crops. This study examined heterosis and gene action controlling yield and yield-related traits for selection among eggplant breeding lines. Four breeding lines of Solanum aethiopicum namely:...

Author(s):G.O. Ige, D.K. Ojo, O.A. Oduwaye, A.W. Salau, V.A. Chikaleke, O.A. Oyetunde

Conservation Tillage Based Annual Intercropping System: A means for Sustainable Crop Production: a review

Article in Press

The objective of this paper was to provide an inclusive view and evaluation of conservation tillage based annual intercropping, summarizing their main advantages and challenges to use as compared to conventional crop production system. Conservation tillage based intercropping (CTBI) controls soil erosion caused by conventional tillage based sole/mono-cropping as compared to conventional crop production system. Its long...

Author(s):Yayeh Bitew and Merkuz Abera

Molecular marker-assisted breeding advances and breeding options: Constrains to Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp (Cowpea) production

Article in Press

Application of molecular markers in the establishment of germplasm characteristics is a common development in the recent years. Molecular markers have been applied in a wide range of crops like maize, rice among others, including cowpeas. With regards to cowpea studies that have been carried out in the recent years, systematic literature on molecular markers used in cowpea is limited. This literature review presents an...

Author(s):Irene Akoth Onyango, Evans Nyaboga, Fred Wamnyokoli, Peter Kinyanjui

Adaptability and Performance evaluation of Recently Released Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. L.) Varieties at West and Kellem Wollega Zones under Supplementary Irrigation

Article in Press

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) is one of the most important edible and nutritious vegetable crops in the world. A field experiment was conducted at Meti and Kombolcha sub sites of Kellem Wollega, and Inango of West Wollega zones in Western Ethiopia, during the 2016/2017 and 2017/2018 cropping season under supplementary irrigation. A total of 11 tomato varieties collected from Melkasa Agricultural Research Center...

Author(s):Kibiru Kena, Zewdu Tegenu, Ashenafi Debela, Admasu Raga

ANATOMICAL ASPECTS OF FICUS HISPIDA LINN. (MORACEAE)

Article in Press

The present investigation was made on Ficus hispida linn to know anatomical study concerning leaf, stem and root structure. The aim was to highlight the anatomical features of Ficus hispida linn contribute with more information concerning the knowledge of anatomy. Ficus hispida linn Belongs to the family Moraceae, less reports was available on anatomical studies, hence present attempt was undertaken to investigate the ...

Author(s):Sneha Y. Ingle and K. V. Kothale

Optimization of in vitro protocol for mass propagation of V6-2-888 sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) variety using shoot-tip as explant

Article in Press

An efficient protocol for mass propagation of V6-2-888 sugarcane variety was optimized under this study. The shoot-tips used as an explant were surface sterilized with 0.3% (w/v) Kocide for an hour, 70% ethanol for 30 seconds and 5% Sodium hypochlorite solution for 25 minutes. Then sterilized shoot-tips were cultured on MS medium supplemented with 2mg/l BAP and 0.5mg/l IBA, 3% sucrose and 7g/l agar-agar powder. 0.5mg/l BAP...

Author(s):BEZA KINFE and BELAINESH Ararsa

Control of Fungal Pathogens of Postharvest Rot of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) using Aqueous and Ethanol Leaf Extracts of Mahogany (Khaya senegalensis) in Hong Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria

Article in Press

Fungi are associated with heavy losses of seeds, fruits, grains, vegetables and other plant products in transit and storage rendering them unfit for human consumption. The used of synthetic fungicide has a great effect on human consumption, hence the need for safer control. A research was conducted in Hong local government area of Adamawa State of Nigeria (the most prominent groundnut farming community in the state). The...

Author(s):Asama, P., Channya, F. K. and Anjili, S. M.

Effect of Nitrogen Application Rates on the Growth, Yield and Yield Attributes of Onion in Semi -Arid areas of Tigray, Ethiopia

Article in Press

An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of different levels of nitrogen (N) fertilizer on the bulb yield and yield components of onion grown on a clay soils of Wukro district, Tigray, Ethiopia under irrigation for two years. In this experiment six levels of N (i.e., 0, 23, 46, 69, 92, & 115 Kg/ha) were used. The experiment was arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The...

Author(s):Niguse Abebe, Tadesse Abadi, Asmamaw and Harnet Abreha

GROWTH AND YIELD OF HIGH PROTEIN CORN (Zea mays L.) AS INFLUENCED BY PLANT SPACING AND NPK LEVELS

Article in Press

In crop production, major production variables that a producer can manipulate to influence the production of a given crop are agronomic practices, fertilizer levels and plant spacing require special attention in the changing climatic condition. This study aimed to establish appropriate plant spacing and NPK levels. The following treatments were used: plant spacing (P1 70 cm x 20 cm; P2 60 cm x 25 cm; P3 60 cm x 20 cm)...

Author(s):Arnold V. Damaso and Mario B. Agustin

Genetic Variation for Grain Yield and Yield Related Traits of Released Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Varieties in Abergelle District, Northern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) also known as monkey-nut, peanut, earthnut and goobers, is a major cash crop and widely grown in all the tropical and subtropical regions of the world for direct use as food, oil and high protein meal, and is the second most important lowland oilseed crop after sesame in Ethiopia. However, its production and productivity is considerably low in Abergelle areas, Northern Ethiopia due to...

Author(s):Fantaye Belay, Hintsa Meresa, Shambel Syum, Gebretnsae G, Berhane Girmay and Atsbha Gebreslasie

Effects of different rates of organic and in-organic fertiliser combinations on growth and yield of cuccumber (Cuccumis sativus L)

Article in Press

Organic manures are becoming important in the smallholder sector because of their ability to maintain ecosystem health and cheaply replenish nutrients that are lost due to soil erosion, leaching and crop removal. A field experiment was conducted in Mjinga communal area in Hurungwe District of Zimbabwe between July and October 2015, under irrigation to investigate the effects of organic manure application rates on the...

Author(s):Franc GOTOSA, Ezekia SVOTWA and Debra Rumbudzai KATSARUWARE

Introgression of adult plant resistance genes and marker assisted selection for leaf rust resistance in an F2 population of Kana, a released wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar in Zimbabwe

Article in Press

The incorporation of rust resistance genes into wheat cultivars is the most economic and effective approach of controlling rusts. The objective of this research was to incorporate adult plant resistance genes 'Lr34 and Lr68' into the rust susceptible commercial cultivar Kana+Sr2, Lr46'. Cultivar Parula+Sr2, Lr34' Lr46, Lr68' was used as the donor parent. Sequence tagged site markers, namely csLV34 and csGS were used to...

Author(s):Bruce Mutari, Sripada Mahabala Udupa, Peter Mavindidze, Charles Shelton Mutengwa

Screening sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. (Moench) genotypes for resistance to covered kernel smut disease under artificial field inoculation

Article in Press

Covered kernel smut, caused by Sporisorium sorghi is a major threat to sorghum (S. bicolor L. (Moench) production globally resulting in yield losses as high as 75% on susceptible sorghum in Zimbabwe. Twelve sorghum genotypes were screened to determine the incidence and severity of covered kernel smut under field conditions during the 2014/15 growing season. In addition, the trial was done under artificial field inoculation...

Author(s):Marco Mare, Lindsay Phiri, Busiso Olga Mavankeni and Brenda Manenji

Evaluation of early drought tolerant maize genotypes under low nitrogen conditions

Article in Press

One way to improve maize yields in drought prone small holder farming areas, where soils are mostly sandy with low organic matter and low cation exchange capacity is through breeding for drought tolerance and high nitrogen use efficiency. Low N tolerant cultivars have enhanced uptake capacity for nitrogen or have more efficient use of absorbed N in grain production hence are superior in the utilization of available N. An...

Author(s):Goredema, N. E., Svotwa, E., Soropa, G., Goredema, N., Musiyandaka, S. and Mashingaidze A. B.

Variation in chemical composition of Trigonella foenum-graecum L. essential oils with plant developmental stage and ploidy level

Article in Press

The present study was conducted to evaluate the variation in secondary metabolites production by diploid and mixoploid Trigonella foenum-graecum L. collected at vegetative, flowering and fruiting stages. Diploid and mixoploid plants were grown from, respectively, untreated and treated seeds with colchicine 0.05%. The essential oils composition was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The results...

Author(s):Faten Omezzine, Chokri Messaoud, Sameh Ben Jaballah and Rabiaa Haouala

Genetic diversity assessment of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes using SSR markers and morpho-agronomic traits

Article in Press

A narrow genetic base may lead to genetic vulnerability against biotic and abiotic stresses. In order to assess the level of diversity among 28 bread wheat genotypes, characterization was done using 21 Simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers alongside 27 morpho-agronomic traits. Based on morpho-agronomic data, the genotypes were grouped into three clusters. The first three principal components explained 23.92, 14.92 and...

Author(s):Bruce Mutari, Sripada Mahabala Udupa, Peter Mavindidze and Charles Shelton Mutengwa

Principal component analysis: A tool for multivariate analysis of genetic variability

Article in Press

A variable is a factor, quantity, character or symbol with values, which vary in contrast to a constant value that is fixed. Genetic variability refers to the differences inherent in the genomes of organisms. Multivariate analysis is a set of techniques dedicated to the analysis of data sets with more than one response variable. It involves a mathematical procedure, which transforms a number of correlated variables into...

Author(s):Ogwu, M. C. and Osawaru, M. E.

Traditional knowledge and economic importance of Ferula assa-foetida in the rural areas of southeastern Iran

Article in Press

Traditional knowledge is considered as knowledge, innovations, practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional life-styles; the wisdom developed over many generations, of holistic traditional scientific utilization of lands, natural resources and environment. Traditional knowledge is valid and necessary, and due to its relevance, it currently has wide application for human benefit. Many people in...

Author(s):Farhood Golmohammadi

Developing Kabuli Chickpea (Cicier arietinum L) Genotypes for Drought Prone Environment and Utilization and Nutritional Assessment in the Eastern Amahara

Article in Press

Chickpea has become an important legume, accounting for more than 15% of Ethiopian legumes with about one million households engaged in its production. The objective of this study was to develop and select high yielding, bold seeded chickpea that fulfilled the required standard for export and relatively early maturing genotype that can do well in the terminal moisture stress area of the region, from 2009/10 and 2011/12...

Author(s):Fikru Mekonnen

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