African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Responses of biofortified common bean varieties to di-ammonium phosphate fertilizer under climate variability conditions in South-Kivu, DR Congo

Nachigera Gustave MUSHAGALUSA*
  • Nachigera Gustave MUSHAGALUSA*
  • Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Université Evangélique en Afrique (UEA/Bukavu), The Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Google Scholar
Arsene KASHEMWA
  • Arsene KASHEMWA
  • IITA-Youth Agripreneurs, The Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Google Scholar
Christelle Bonane SINZA
  • Christelle Bonane SINZA
  • Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Université Evangélique en Afrique (UEA/Bukavu), The Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Google Scholar
Laurent Chimanuka BIGIRIMWAMI
  • Laurent Chimanuka BIGIRIMWAMI
  • Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Université Evangélique en Afrique (UEA/Bukavu), The Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Google Scholar
katcho kARUME
  • katcho kARUME
  • Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Université Evangélique en Afrique (UEA/Bukavu), The Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Google Scholar
Antoine Kanyenga LUBOBO
  • Antoine Kanyenga LUBOBO
  • CIAT-HarvesPlus. The Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 03 June 2016
  •  Accepted: 07 September 2016
  •  Published: 22 September 2016

Abstract

Two trials with the combined effects of seeding density and application of DAP fertilizer on the yield of four biofortified bean varieties were carried out in Kashusha on the experimental site of the Université Evangélique en Afrique during the 2013-2014 agricultural long rains season (September-January) and short rains season (March-May). The overall objective was to investigate the response of biofortified common bean and its response to seeding density, mineral fertilizer application, and good agricultural practices. Four bean varieties were used (RWK-10, HM 21-7, CODMLB001 and RWR2245) and the experimental design was split-split plot whose main plot was occupied by varieties and sub-plots had DAP fertilizer crossed with two seeding spacing. Two seeding densities were considered, 250,000 plants ha-1 and 500,000 plants ha-1 respectively corresponding to the spacing between plants 40 cm x 20 cm (commonly used) and 20 cm x 20 cm. The plot was divided into 3 blocks (or repetitions), distant of 2 m and each comprising two sub-blocks separated by 1 m. A sub-block was treated with fertilizer (DAP) and the other was kept as control. The yield of bean seeds has varied from one season to another independently of varieties, which had no effect. It was better in long rains season (1725 kg ha-1) than in short rains season (1087.4 kg ha-1). The effect of fertilizer was also dependent on the season, no effect was observed in short rains season, with huge poorly distributed rains. However, in long rains season, the application of DAP has produced a high number of pods per plant and large grains leading to a higher yield of 1368.6 kg ha-1 when the fertilizer was applied compared to control which produced only 806.1 kg ha-1. During the same season, doubling the density, a yield of 1842.9 kg ha-1 was obtained compared to the density of 250,000 plants ha-1 that produced 1607.1 kg ha-1. The agronomic efficiency of fertilizer was low, ranging from 1.53 for the CODMLB001 variety to 5.64 for HM21-7 variety. Multi-local trials, in contrasting environments are needed to better understand the influence of the season on the bean behaviour in dissemination in South Kivu. It is also interesting to test other seeding densities, fertilizer types and doses for adequate recommendation of fertilization of this crop in Kabare territory. Due to low soil pH, it should be important for example to apply lime before applying the fertilizer.

Key words: Bean, seedling density, Di-ammonium phosphate (DAP), variety, yield