African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6714

Full Length Research Paper

Survey of fungal diseases associated with amaranth (Amaranthus species) in peri-urban vegetable farms in Kumasi and Tamale metropolis of Ghana

Zippora Appiah-Kubi
  • Zippora Appiah-Kubi
  • CSIR-Crops Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana.
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Joseph Adomako
  • Joseph Adomako
  • CSIR-Crops Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana.
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Harriet Dwamena
  • Harriet Dwamena
  • CSIR-Crops Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana.
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Elvis Agyei Obeng
  • Elvis Agyei Obeng
  • CSIR-Crops Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana.
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Raphael Adu-Gyamfi
  • Raphael Adu-Gyamfi
  • Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Sciences, University for Development Studies, Nyampkala, Ghana.
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Enoch Adjei Osekre
  • Enoch Adjei Osekre
  • Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Tachnology, Kumasi, Ghana.
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Marian Quian
  • Marian Quian
  • CSIR-Crops Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana.
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Charles Kwoseh
  • Charles Kwoseh
  • Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Tachnology, Kumasi, Ghana.
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  •  Received: 15 February 2022
  •  Accepted: 15 July 2022
  •  Published: 31 October 2022

Abstract

Amaranthus species is an important leafy vegetable in Ghana; however, foliar diseases of the crop reduce the marketable and edible portions as well as income to farmers. To facilitate the development of disease management strategy, there is the need to document various diseases limiting amaranth production. In view of this, surveys were carried out in forty-three peri-urban vegetable farms in the Kumasi and Tamale Metropolis of Ghana to assess the prevalence and severity of fungal diseases associated with amaranth. Farms were selected using snowball pattern and on each farm, disease incidence and severity were assessed on 45 plants. Disease incidence for any particular fungal disease was calculated as number of plants showing symptoms compared to total number of plants selected whilst disease severity was rated as extent of tissue damage using a severity scale of 1-5. Survey results revealed anthracnose; stems cankers, wilting and wet rot as most prevalent diseases on amaranth. Wilting was the most frequent disease observed; occurring in 95% of farms visited whilst anthracnose, wet rot and stem canker were observed in 91%, 40 and 47% respectively of farms visited. Similarly, wilting disease incidence ranged from 13.3 to 51% across all locations compared to 13.3 to 58.3% for anthracnose, 11.9 to 61.7% for wet rot and 18.3 to 51.7% for stem canker. This work is among few investigations that had been made into diseases affecting the production of Amaranth in Ghana.

Key words: Disease symptoms, fungal foliar diseases, incidence, infection, severity