African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Thermal of the Campina Grande - PB, Brazil and its environmental impacts

Joaci dos Santos Cerqueira
  • Joaci dos Santos Cerqueira
  • Federal University of Campina Grande, CEP 58429-140, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.
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Helder Neves de Albuquerque
  • Helder Neves de Albuquerque
  • Federal University of Campina Grande, CEP 58429-140, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.
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Ronaldo do Nascimento
  • Ronaldo do Nascimento
  • Federal University of Campina Grande, CEP 58429-140, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.
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Hallyson Oliveira
  • Hallyson Oliveira
  • Federal University of Campina Grande, CEP 58429-140, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.
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José Alberto Ferreira Cardoso
  • José Alberto Ferreira Cardoso
  • Federal University of Campina Grande, CEP 58429-140, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.
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Armindo Bezerra Leão
  • Armindo Bezerra Leão
  • Federal University of Campina Grande, CEP 58429-140, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 15 June 2016
  •  Accepted: 01 September 2016
  •  Published: 22 September 2016

Abstract

With the incorporation of new behavioral habits for the most demanding customers, respect for the environment, the industrialized countries and in industrialization have adopted quality standards for air and water, and emissions standards for industrial liquid effluents and gaseous and licensing systems of polluting activities, in line with current environmental legislation. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the environmental impacts generated by thermal factory Borborema Energy S/A, located between the municipalities of Campina Grande - PB and Queimadas - PB, describing the social and environmental impacts local, arising from the operation of the thermal factory and also proposing mitigation measures in order to mitigate the negative impacts. The observation in loco was used for data collection, using digital images, characterization and qualitative diagnosis of the impacts from the use of the identification matrix of potential impacts in thermals. Thus, it qualified that the Thermoelectric has negative nature on the impacts and medium significance (significant) on the item noise pollution and, as very significant on the items emissions of SO2, CO2, NOx, CO and hydrocarbons. As for the interference with flora and fauna, it was found that it exerts great magnitude and high importance (very important). Although there is an Environmental Impact Study (EIS) and Environmental Impact Report (EIR) presented and approved, this EIS and EIR disregarded some important items and does not reflect the reality in the study area and its surroundings.

 

Key words: Mitigating measures, soil pollution, flora and fauna.