African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Climate change adaptation for rural communities dependent on agriculture and tourism in marginal farming areas of the Hwange District, Zimbabwe

Charles Nhemachena
  • Charles Nhemachena
  • Human Sciences Research Council, 134 Pretorius Street, Pretoria 0002, South Africa.
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Reneth Mano
  • Reneth Mano
  • Humanitarian Information Facilitation Centre, 38 Harvey Brown Avenue, Milton Park Harare, Zimbabwe.
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Shakespear Mudombi
  • Shakespear Mudombi
  • Tshwane University of Technology, Staatsartillerie Road, Pretoria West, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
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Virginia Muwanigwa
  • Virginia Muwanigwa
  • Humanitarian Information Facilitation Centre, 38 Harvey Brown Avenue, Milton Park Harare, Zimbabwe.
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  •  Received: 17 January 2013
  •  Accepted: 16 June 2014
  •  Published: 27 June 2014

Abstract

The study analysed climate change adaptation for rural communities co-dependent on agriculture and the tourism industry in marginal farming areas in Hwange District, located in the north-west of Zimbabwe. The study was based on primary data collected from a cross-sectional household survey, key informant interviews and focus group discussion with rural communities. The results indicate that most of the respondents reported that most of their adaptation efforts to address the impacts of climate change and other stressors are primarily focused on agricultural crop activities. Deploying appropriate climate sensitive technologies and marketing innovations to make rural agriculture work better with climate change; is one possibility not yet fully exploited. Better access to climate change information and screening of appropriate technologies for climate change adaptation beyond seasonal climate adaptation and provision of technical and market incentives for farmers to invest in climate change compliant technologies should become the focus of African governments for semi-arid regions most vulnerable to climate change risk.

 

Key words: Climate change, adaptation, agriculture, tourism, Hwange, Zimbabwe.