African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6859

Table of Content: 26 June 2014; 9(26)

June 2014

A comparative study of the effect of yeast single cell protein on growth, feed utilization and condition factor of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell) and tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus) fingerlings

An investigation was carried out to compare the effect of feeding yeast single cell protein (SCP) on the growth and feed utilization parameters of Clarias gariepinus and Oreochromis niloticus cultured separately. The parameters investigated include the percentage weight gain (PWG); feed conversion ratio (FCR); specific growth rate (SGR); and condition factor (CF). The findings indicate that for C. gariepinus fingerlings...

Author(s): Fayeofori G. Bob-manuel

June 2014

Determining replacement age of agricultural tractor (JD3140) in Varamin Region (case study)

One of the main aims in the management of farm equipment and tractors is to decide their replacement, based on technical and economic conditions. The objective of this research was to determine the economic life time for John Deer3140, common in the Varamin Region of Iran. First the annual depreciation and interest were calculated considering the initial purchase price of tractor, and then the economic life was...

Author(s): H. Ahmadi Chenarbon, A. Afsar and M. R. Ebrahimzadeh

June 2014

Modeling climate variables using time series analysis in arid and semi arid regions

Stochastic models have been proposed as one technique to generate scenarios of future climate change. Temperature and precipitation are among the main indicators in climate study. The goal of this study is the simulation and modeling of monthly precipitation and the mean of monthly temperature using stochastic methods. The 21-year data of precipitation and the mean of monthly temperature at Shiraz Synoptic Station in...

Author(s): H. Babazadeh and S. A. Shamsnia

June 2014

Pre-sowing temperature treatment effect on emergence of Cucumis myriocarpus seedlings

Efficacy of Cucumis myriocarpus fruit crude extracts on suppression of Meloidogyne incognita is well documented in Indigenous Cucumis technologies. Currently, test fruits are collected from the wild, and this unreliable source cannot meet the quantities required for producing a commercial bio-pesticides. Thus, objective of this work was to evaluate effect of temperature-exposure of C. myriocarpus seeds on seedling...

Author(s): T. P. Mafeo

June 2014

Household dynamics influencing effective eradication of Xanthomonas wilt in smallholder banana systems in Ugunja division - Kenya

Declines in banana (Musa spp.) productivity in western Kenya since 2006 have been exacerbated by Xanthomonas wilt, caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum. This study provided insight of household dynamics influencing efforts to eradicate the disease from Ugunja, Lunjre, Sidindi and Sigomere. Surveyed households (N = 120) were purposively selected from villages with and without banana-based farmer field schools...

Author(s): Dennis Ochola, Wellington Jogo, Michael Odongo, William Tinzaara, Margaret Onyango and Eldad Karamura

June 2014

Comparative effects of poultry manure and spent mushroom substrate on the growth and yield of pineapple (Ananas comosus) in Nigeria

The effects of poultry manure and spent mushroom substrate on the growth and yield of pineapple were investigated in Port Harcourt. The aim was to determine the most productive soil enrichment material that will enhance the production of pineapple in the area. A complete randomized block design with three replications was adopted. Data were collected monthly for eight months. Results shows that spent mushroom substrate...

Author(s): Orluchukwu J. A. and Adedokun O. M.

June 2014

Climate change adaptation for rural communities dependent on agriculture and tourism in marginal farming areas of the Hwange District, Zimbabwe

The study analysed climate change adaptation for rural communities co-dependent on agriculture and the tourism industry in marginal farming areas in Hwange District, located in the north-west of Zimbabwe. The study was based on primary data collected from a cross-sectional household survey, key informant interviews and focus group discussion with rural communities. The results indicate that most of the respondents...

Author(s): Charles Nhemachena, Reneth Mano, Shakespear Mudombi and Virginia Muwanigwa

June 2014

Recent advances in surgical management of urolithiasis in sheep and goat

The cases of urolithiasis in caprine and sheep presented for treatment for one year to University Teaching Veterinary Clinics were managed surgically. A brief history about the clinical cases, their clinical examination, kidney function tests and ultrasonography was studied. The cases were surgically managed by performing different surgical procedures viz, excision of urethral process, urethrotomy perineal...

Author(s): Mohsin Ali Gazi, D. M. Makhdoomi, J. D. Parrah, A. M. Ganai, G. N. Shiekh and S. A. Mir

June 2014

Evaluation of chemical composition and nutritive potential of oil palm slurry fermented with cassava peel as feed for livestock

Cassava peels (CaP) and oil palm slurry (OPS) are agro-industrial by-products obtainable throughout the year. Utilization of CaP as feed can be enhanced through fermentation with OPS. The use of CaP fermented with OPS as feed for livestock was therefore investigated with three experiments. The nutrient composition of OPS collected from different locations was determined. Parameters varied significantly with Mamu samples...

Author(s): ABIOLA-OLAGUNJU Oluwanike, MAKO Adejoke Adeneye and AKINSOYINU Akintunde Olaleye

June 2014

Phlogacanthus - An important medicinal plant of North East India: A review

Phlogacanthus (Acanthaceae) is an important group of medicinal plant found mainly in the north eastern part of India. The present article gives an account of updated information on its phytochemical and pharmacological properties and its ethno medicinal uses on account of the tale from the local people and veds. Medicinal properties of this group of plants include antipyretic, antidiabetic, coughs, colds and anti-asthma...

Author(s): A. K. Phurailatpam, S. R. Singh, T. M. Chanu and P. Ngangbam

June 2014

A rearing method of the larval parasitoid, Apanteles carpatus (Say) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on its new host Monopis crocicapitella (Clemens) (Lepidoptera: Tineidae)

Host suitability of Monopis crocicapitella (Clemens) (Lepidoptera: Tineidae) was tested for a larval parasitoid, Apantales carpatus (Say) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) under laboratory conditions. Laboratory studies indicated that larvae of M. crocicapitella were successfully parasitized by A. carpatus and fertile offsprings of A. carpatus were produced. Some biological characteristics and a possible rearing method of this...

Author(s): Hilal Tunca, Cem Ozkan and Ahmet Beyarslan

June 2014

Non-chemical weed management in organic rice

Field experiment was conducted at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during Rabi 2012-2013 (October-February) to identify the ideal weed management technique in organic rice production. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with three replications. The treatments comprised of fourteen different weed management practices. The results revealed that application of rice bran at 2 t ha-1 on 3 DAT...

Author(s): P. Gnanasoundari and E. Somasundaram

June 2014

Differences between genotypes of Jatropha curcas L. are evidenced for absorption and use of nitrogen

The objective of this study was to quantify the nutritional efficiency and responsiveness in relation to nitrogen of twelve genotypes of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) grown in soil without nitrogen supply and also with three levels of fertilization in a controlled environment. The experiment was conducted in factorial scheme 12 × 4 with four replications, the factors being: 12 genotypes of physic nut and four...

Author(s): Leonardo Fardim Christo, Lima Deleon Martins, Tafarel Victor Colodett, Wagner Nunes Rodrigues, Sebastião Batista Brinate, José Francisco Teixeira do Amaral, Marcelo Antonio Tomaz and Bruno Galvêas Laviola