Genus Curcuma has a long history of traditional uses, ranging from folk medicine to its culinary uses. More than 70 species of Curcuma are distributed throughout the world but extensively cultivate in Asian, Australian and Western African counties. Many phytochemical, pharmacological and molecular studies have been conducted on several Curcuma species worldwide. The interest on its medicinal properties have increased due to the discovery of novel bioactive compounds which possessing wide range of bioactivities such as antioxidant, antiviral, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammation activities. Furthermore, this valuable plant is used as natural dye, insecticide and as a repellent. This review focuses on gathering information regarding genus Curcuma including morphological characteristics, phytochemicals and their biological and pharmacological activities which provide information for further advance research studies.
Key words: Curcuma, biological activity, morphology, pharmacology, phytochemicals.
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