African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Full Length Research Paper

Leaf area of sugarcane varieties and their correlation with biomass productivity in three cycles

Vinicius Santos Gomes da Silva
  • Vinicius Santos Gomes da Silva
  • Departamento de Agronomia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Av. Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, 52171-900, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Mauro Wagner de Oliveira
  • Mauro Wagner de Oliveira
  • Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, BR 104, Km 85, s/n, 57100-000. Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Terezinha Bezerra Albino Oliveira
  • Terezinha Bezerra Albino Oliveira
  • Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, BR 104, Km 85, s/n, 57100-000. Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Bruno Campos Mantovanelli
  • Bruno Campos Mantovanelli
  • Departamento de Agronomia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Av. Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, 52171-900, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Abraão Cícero da Silva
  • Abraão Cícero da Silva
  • Departamento de Agronomia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Av. Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, 52171-900, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.
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Adrielle Naiana Ribeiro Soares
  • Adrielle Naiana Ribeiro Soares
  • Departamento de Agricultura e Biodiversidade, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, - UFS, São Cristóvão, Brazil.
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Paulo Ricardo Aprígio Clemente
  • Paulo Ricardo Aprígio Clemente
  • Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, BR 104, Km 85, s/n, 57100-000. Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 11 October 2016
  •  Accepted: 19 January 2017
  •  Published: 16 February 2017

Abstract

The objective of this work is to study the leaf area and biomass production of 4 sugarcane varieties in cane plant cycles, first and second regrowth. The experiment was conducted at Fazenda Jequiá in the state of Alagoas, Brazil. A randomized block design with 5 replications was used. The treatments were 4 cultivars: RB92579, SP813250, RB867515 and VAT90212. The length and width of the sheet + 3 were determined as well as the following parameters; the number of tillers per square meter, the number of green leaves, leaf area, and leaf area index in most growing sugarcane in the three crop cycles. The productivity of shoot dry biomass was determined at the time of cane maturity in 3 cycles. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. The larger leaf area index of 4.46 m2 m-2 was observed for RB92579 in plant cane cycle. The dry biomass yield was not influenced by varieties having average values of 47, 41 and 31 t ha-1 in the sugarcane plant cycles in the first and second regrowth, respectively. The principal component analysis enabled us to identify from Current Population Survey (CPs) variance which component can contribute to the explanation of the data.

 

Key words:  Dry matter accumulation, leaf area index (LAI), principal component analysis.