African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Full Length Research Paper

Toxicity and sublethal effects of insecticides on Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Eliane Carneiro
  • Eliane Carneiro
  • Graduate Program in Agronomy Crop Science, Federal University of Piauí, UFPI, Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Luciana Barboza Silva
  • Luciana Barboza Silva
  • Graduate Program in Agronomy Crop Science, Federal University of Piauí, UFPI, Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Alexandre Faria Silva
  • Alexandre Faria Silva
  • Graduate Program in Agronomy Crop Science, Federal University of Piauí, UFPI, Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil.
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Vilmar Bueno Santos
  • Vilmar Bueno Santos
  • Graduate Program in Agronomy Crop Science, Federal University of Piauí, UFPI, Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil.
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Mayra Layra Santos Almeida
  • Mayra Layra Santos Almeida
  • Graduate Program in Agronomy Crop Science, Federal University of Piauí, UFPI, Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil.
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Gabriel Santos Carvalho
  • Gabriel Santos Carvalho
  • Graduate Program in Agronomy Crop Science, Federal University of Piauí, UFPI, Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil.
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Maisa Veras
  • Maisa Veras
  • Graduate Program in Agronomy Crop Science, Federal University of Piauí, UFPI, Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 06 August 2015
  •  Accepted: 18 September 2015
  •  Published: 02 June 2016

Abstract

Exposure of Helicoverpa armigera to sublethal concentrations of insecticides can cause physiological deficiencies manifested by reduced longevity, development, fertility and fecundity. Research on the sub-lethal effects, to identify the non-lethal negative impacts of insecticides on pests can provide practical information for integrated management. The objective of this study was to determine the lethal concentrations and sublethal effects of insecticides on larval development and reproduction of H. armigera. The insecticides were diluted in water and applied via immersion of soybean leaf discs directly in the solution for three second, subsequently provided to the larvae maintained under controlled conditions for a period of 48 h. For surviving larvae, artificial diet was provided with daily evaluation until pupation. The pupae obtained were weighed after 24 h and transferred to Petri dishes, covered with filter paper until the adult phase, to evaluate longevity and pupal viability. For the assessments related to oviposition, couples were separated in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) cages and fed with 10% honey solution; the counting of eggs was done every two days, until the end of the oviposition period. All of the insecticides tested presented lethal and sublethal effects on the parameters weight, mortality and pupal viability and reduced oviposition and can be used in pest management, representing an alternative in the product rotation for the control of the third instar of H. armigera.

Key words: Management, chemical control, lethal concentration.