African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6530

Full Length Research Paper

Coinoculation of rhizobia and mycorrhiza in cowpea beans (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) in Calixto García Municipality, Cuba

Sebastián Zayas Infante
  • Sebastián Zayas Infante
  • Municipal University Center of Calixto García, Holguín University, Cuba
  • Google Scholar
Maura Isabel Rodríguez Palma
  • Maura Isabel Rodríguez Palma
  • Department of Economy, Faculty of Economics and Adminstration, Holguín University, Cuba
  • Google Scholar
Heriberto Vargas Rodríguez
  • Heriberto Vargas Rodríguez
  • Department of Water and Soils, the Agrarian University, Havana Province, Cuba
  • Google Scholar
María Caridad Nápoles Garcia
  • María Caridad Nápoles Garcia
  • National Institute of Agricultural Sciences (INCA), Cuba.
  • Google Scholar
Irina Reyes Martínez
  • Irina Reyes Martínez
  • Municipal University Center of Calixto García, Holguín University, Cuba
  • Google Scholar
Reynaldo Guzmán Paez
  • Reynaldo Guzmán Paez
  • Municipal University Center of Calixto García, Holguín University, Cuba
  • Google Scholar
Carmelo Damián Agüero Pintado
  • Carmelo Damián Agüero Pintado
  • Municipal University Center of Calixto García, Holguín University, Cuba
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 19 October 2020
  •  Accepted: 13 April 2021
  •  Published: 31 July 2021

Abstract

The research goal is to evaluate the rhizobia and mycorrhiza application on Cowpea bean (Vigna unguiculata L) cv. Carita Blanco growth. The experiments were developed at Calixto García municipality, Cuba. It was conducted from April to June 2020, on brown Sialitic soil without carbonate. This design was a random block with three treatments (Control, Rhizobium and Rhizobium + Mycorrhizas). It entailed indicators measurement during ten days and after seeds plantation. The indicators measured were plant length (cm), number of trifoliate leaves, the diameter of the stem base (mm), number of nodules per plant, as well as yield and its components, at the moment of harvest. Statistic helped to analyze data by one-way analysis of variance, followed by Duncan's multiple range test. Hence, the statistic professional program SPSS, version 20 for Windows was implemented. The Rhizobium and Mycorrhiza co-inoculation showed the best results for growth and yield indicators.

Key words: Biofertilizers, rhizobia, mycorrhizas, cowpea beans, inoculation, brown sialitic soils.