African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6380

Full Length Research Paper

Natural parasitism of hymenoptera (insect) on bruquids associated with Fabaceae seeds in Northern Sinaloa, Mexico

Isiordia-Aquino N.
  • Isiordia-Aquino N.
  • Universidad Autónoma de Nayarit, Unidad Académica de Agricultura. Km 9 Carretera Tepic-Puerto Vallarta, Colonia centro, C.P. 63780 Xalisco, Nayarit, México.
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Lugo-García G. A.
  • Lugo-García G. A.
  • Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, Colegio de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Facultad de Agricultura Del Valle Del Fuerte, Calle 16 y Avenida Japaraqui, C.P. 81110 Juan José Ríos, Ahome, Sinaloa, México.
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Reyes-Olivas A.
  • Reyes-Olivas A.
  • Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, Colegio de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Facultad de Agricultura Del Valle Del Fuerte, Calle 16 y Avenida Japaraqui, C.P. 81110 Juan José Ríos, Ahome, Sinaloa, México.
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Acuña-Soto J. A.
  • Acuña-Soto J. A.
  • Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Tlatlaquitepec. Km 122 + 600, Carretera Federal Amozoc – Nautla, C. P. 73907 Almoloni, Tlatlaquitepec, Puebla, México.
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Arvizu-Gómez J. L.
  • Arvizu-Gómez J. L.
  • Universidad Autónoma de Nayarit, Secretaría de Investigación y Posgrado, Ciudad de la Cultura “Amado Nervo”, C. P. 63000 Tepic, Nayarit, México.
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López-Mora F.
  • López-Mora F.
  • Universidad Autónoma de Nayarit, Posgrado Ciencias Biológico Agropecuarias. Km 9 carretera Tepic-Puerto Vallarta, Colonia centro, C.P. 63780 Xalisco, Nayarit, México.
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Flores-Canales R. J.
  • Flores-Canales R. J.
  • Universidad Autónoma de Nayarit, Unidad Académica de Agricultura. Km 9 Carretera Tepic-Puerto Vallarta, Colonia centro, C.P. 63780 Xalisco, Nayarit, México.
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  •  Received: 29 January 2020
  •  Accepted: 13 March 2020
  •  Published: 30 June 2020

Abstract

With the purpose of identifying the parasitic hymenoptera species associated with the diversity of bruchidae over Fabaceae, in 2017 seeds of 25 plant species were collected from the municipalities of Ahome, El Fuerte, Choix and Guasave (Sinaloa, Mexico). From 68,344 seeds, 19,396 adult bruquids were obtained, distributed in nine species: Acanthoscelides desmanthi, Callosobruchus maculatus, Merobruchus insolitus, Mimosestes mimosae, Mimosestes nubigens, Microsternus ulkei, Stator limbatus, S. pruininus and Zabrotes subfaciatus. Of the bruchids emerged 4,775 parasitoids, grouped in families Eulophidae (3,159), Braconidae (692), Pteromalidae (443), Eurytomidae (304), Bethylidae (134), Eupelmidae (40), and Trichogrammatidae (3), in 17 species; out of them, Horismenus depressus, Triaspis sp. and Eurytoma sp. had a presence in the four municipalities; 77.84% of the parasitoids was associated with M. mimosae (1,352), A. desmanthi (898), M. ulkei (753), and M. insolitus (714). The predominant species was H. depressus, with 60.63% of the population. In Ahome the highest parasitism was obtained (40.14%).

Key words: Bruchidae, Fabaceae, biological control, parasitism, horismenus depressus.