African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6363

Full Length Research Paper

Household dynamics influencing effective eradication of Xanthomonas wilt in smallholder banana systems in Ugunja division - Kenya

Dennis Ochola
  • Dennis Ochola
  • Bioversity International, P. O. Box 24348, Kampala, Uganda.
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Wellington Jogo
  • Wellington Jogo
  • Bioversity International, P. O. Box 24348, Kampala, Uganda.
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Michael Odongo
  • Michael Odongo
  • Rural Energy and Food Security Organization (REFSO), P.O. B ox 342, Busia, Kenya.
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William Tinzaara
  • William Tinzaara
  • Bioversity International, P. O. Box 24348, Kampala, Uganda.
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Margaret Onyango
  • Margaret Onyango
  • Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), P.O. Box 523-40200, Kisii, Kenya.
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Eldad Karamura
  • Eldad Karamura
  • Bioversity International, P. O. Box 24348, Kampala, Uganda.
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  •  Received: 13 April 2014
  •  Accepted: 16 June 2014
  •  Published: 27 June 2014

Abstract

Declines in banana (Musa spp.) productivity in western Kenya since 2006 have been exacerbated by Xanthomonas wilt, caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum. This study provided insight of household dynamics influencing efforts to eradicate the disease from Ugunja, Lunjre, Sidindi and Sigomere. Surveyed households (N = 120) were purposively selected from villages with and without banana-based farmer field schools (FFS). Results showed limited banana experience, noted by the irregularities in timing and frequency of essential agronomic practices. In addition, a rampant tendency to replant sword suckers obtained from own production or farmer-to-farmer exchange. Even though farmers were sensitized on correct diagnosis and control measures, significant disparities between awareness and actual application of control options seem to prevail over the impact of recent massive eradication campaigns. Selective deployment of elements of Avoid introduction, Break-off male bud, Cut infected plants and Clean cutting tools (ABCC) intervention strategy was evident. Dismantling the ABCC package interferes with complementarities embedded within, which ultimately leads to disease upsurge or resurgence. Repeated exposure and demonstrable efficacy of the practices to halt disease spread may have profound bearing on farmer adoption of Xanthomonas wilt control measures. Therefore, the ABCC package should be validated and fine-tuned within the local context of smallholders.

 

Key words: Avoid introduction, break-off male bud, cut infected plants and clean cutting tools (ABCC), banana, resurgence, western Kenya, Xanthomonas wilt.