African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Productivity enhancement of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) through improved production technologies

R. S. Raikwar* and P. Srivastva
Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, College of Agriculture Tikamgarh (M.P.) India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 12 November 2013
  •  Published: 03 December 2013

Abstract

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is most important oil seed crop in Madhya Pradesh. One of the major constraints of its low productivity is non-adoption of improved technologies. Front line demonstration were conducted at 65 farmers field, to demonstrate production potential and economic benefit of improved technologies comprising short duration, phillody (mycoplasma) resistant varieties, line sowing, integrated nutrient management and timely weed removal (TKG-55,TKG-306 and JTS-8), line sowing (45 × 10 cm), integrated nutrient management (60:30:15:40, NPKS kg/ha). The seeds were treated with phosphate-solubilzing bacteria each at 20 g/kg of seeds. Pre-emergence application of weedicide Pendimethalin at 1 kg a.i /ha used for effective control of the weeds during Kharif season of 2007 to 2008 to 2011 to 2012 in rainfed condition. The improved technology recorded a mean yield of 5.34 q/ha which was 34% higher than that obtained with farmers practice yield of 3.45 q/ha. The improved technologies resulted higher mean net income of Rs.12913.80/ha with a benefit cost ratio of 2.49 as compared to local practice (7740/ha, 2.20).

 

Key words: Sesame, frontline demonstration, improved technologies, net return, productivity.