African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6401

Full Length Research Paper

Inhibition of root growth as mode of action of two rice yellow mottle virus pathotypes isolated in Mali

Bakaye Doumbia
  • Bakaye Doumbia
  • Department of Biology of the Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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Amadou Hamadoun Babana
  • Amadou Hamadoun Babana
  • Department of Biology of the Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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Sognan Dao
  • Sognan Dao
  • Department of Biology of the Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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Salimatou Samaké
  • Salimatou Samaké
  • Department of Biology of the Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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Adounigna Kassogué
  • Adounigna Kassogué
  • Department of Biology of the Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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Rokiatou Fané
  • Rokiatou Fané
  • Department of Biology of the Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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Valacia Lemes Da Silva Lobo
  • Valacia Lemes Da Silva Lobo
  • Embrapa Arroz e Feijão, Laboratório de Fitopatologia, Cx. Postal 179, Santo Antônio de Goiás, GO, 75375-000, Brazil.
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Diakaridia Traoré
  • Diakaridia Traoré
  • Department of Biology of the Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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Stephen Machado
  • Stephen Machado
  • Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Center, Oregon State University, 48937 Tubbs Ranch Road, Adams, Oregon 97810, USA.
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Linda Kinkle
  • Linda Kinkle
  • Departement of Plant Pathology, University of Minnesota, 1991 Upper Buford Circle, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA.
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  •  Received: 25 April 2020
  •  Accepted: 10 July 2020
  •  Published: 31 August 2020

Abstract

In Mali, the economy is mainly based on agriculture. Rice contributes about 5% of the GDP and constitutes a strategic sector with enormous potential. Despite its strategic importance, rice cultivation faces multiple biotic constraints among which rice yellow mottle virus disease is the most important one with an incidence varying from 60 to 100%. To reduce yield loses due to this disease, we determined the mode of action of two rice yellow Mottle virus (RYMV) pathotypes previously isolated in rice fields in Mali, and identified by Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Both types significantly decrease rice height with a more pronounced effect with the type A, which showed more aggressivity even on the SK20-28 genotype recognized as RYMV disease-tolerant variety. Root dry weight, grain production and tiller number were the most affected by the disease. Except for tiller number, the virus type A was always more virulent than the type B. Significant positive correlation was found between disease severity and % reduction in tiller number, percentage reduction in plant height, and grain production. The data presented root inhibition as a mode of action of the two RYMV pathotypes isolated in Mali. This information should be used in order to improve the management strategies for these pathogens on field rice in Mali.

Key words: Rice yellow mottle virus, root inhibition, rice, Mali.