African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Efficacy of the decoction of cashew leaf (Spondias mombin L.) as a natural antiseptic in dairy goat matrices

Camila Fernandes Leonez
  • Camila Fernandes Leonez
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal Rural University Semi-arid, City of Mossoró, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.
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Francisco Marlon Carneiro Feijo
  • Francisco Marlon Carneiro Feijo
  • Department of Plant Sciences, Federal Rural University Semi-arid, City of Mossoró, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.
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Nilza Dutra Alves
  • Nilza Dutra Alves
  • Department of Plant Sciences, Federal Rural University Semi-arid, City of Mossoró, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.
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Caio Sergio Santos
  • Caio Sergio Santos
  • Department of Plant Sciences, Federal Rural University Semi-arid, City of Mossoró, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.
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Gardênia Silvana Oliveira Rodrigues
  • Gardênia Silvana Oliveira Rodrigues
  • Department of Plant Sciences, Federal Rural University Semi-arid, City of Mossoró, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.
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Fernando da Costa Fernandes
  • Fernando da Costa Fernandes
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal Rural University Semi-arid, City of Mossoró, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.
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Tayná Moura Matos
  • Tayná Moura Matos
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal Rural University Semi-arid, City of Mossoró, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 25 September 2017
  •  Accepted: 20 October 2017
  •  Published: 29 March 2018

Abstract

Microorganisms resistant to conventional antimicrobial substances are becoming more prevalent. Accordingly, natural alternatives have been sought with the use of extracts from medicinal plants whose purpose is to find new compounds with recognized antimicrobial activity. This work aims to show the efficacy of the cajá (Spondias mombin L.) leaf decoction using the microplate dilution technique against Staphylococcus sp, a bacterial strain isolated from cases of subclinical mastitis in dairy goat matrices. The 5% probability test was used to compare the means among the studied treatments. Leaf extract from the cajá was effective at concentrations of 1:1 and 1:2 against all strains of Staphylococcus coagulase negative, regardless of storage temperatures. All strains were resistant to amoxicillin + clavulanate, ampicillin, cefepime and ceftazidime, being characterized with a multiresistant profile.

Key words: Staphylococcus sp. microorganisms, decoction, Spondias mombin L.