African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Residues from urban vegetable pruning in the production of the medicinal mushroom Ganoderma lucidum

Guilherme Polidoro Alquati
  • Guilherme Polidoro Alquati
  • Universidade do Sagrado Coração, USC, Cento de Ciências Exatas e Sociais Aplicadas. Rua Irmã Arminda 10-50 - Jardim Brasil, 17011-160 Bauru, SP, Brasil.
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Otavio Augusto Pessotto Alves Siqueira
  • Otavio Augusto Pessotto Alves Siqueira
  • Universidade do Sagrado Coração, USC, Cento de Ciências Exatas e Sociais Aplicadas. Rua Irmã Arminda 10-50 - Jardim Brasil, 17011-160 Bauru, SP, Brasil.
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André Luiz Merthan Saad
  • André Luiz Merthan Saad
  • Universidade do Sagrado Coração, USC, Cento de Ciências Exatas e Sociais Aplicadas. Rua Irmã Arminda 10-50 - Jardim Brasil, 17011-160 Bauru, SP, Brasil.
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Sthefany Rodrigues Fernandes Viana
  • Sthefany Rodrigues Fernandes Viana
  • Departamento de Produção Vegetal. Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rua José Barbosa de Barros, 1780, Fazenda Lageado, Caixa Postal 237, CEP 18610-307, Botucatu, SP, Brasil.
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Meire Cristina Nogueira De Andrade
  • Meire Cristina Nogueira De Andrade
  • Universidade do Sagrado Coração, USC, Cento de Ciências Exatas e Sociais Aplicadas. Rua Irmã Arminda 10-50 - Jardim Brasil, 17011-160 Bauru, SP, Brasil.
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  •  Received: 17 March 2016
  •  Accepted: 17 August 2016
  •  Published: 22 September 2016

Abstract

Every month, about 40 tons of waste prunings of trees and grasses are wasted in Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil, occupying unimaginable volumes in the municipal landfill. This rich material has been tested for cultivation of medicinal mushroom Ganoderma lucidum, rather unknown in Brazil, compared to commonly use eucalyptus sawdust. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the use of wasted urban vegetable pruning for the production of the G. lucidum mushroom. For so, these wastes were collected and tested with five different substrates with mixtures of tree pruning and pruning of grasses, changing the percentage content, plus a control of eucalyptus sawdust base (T) in two strains of G. lucidum, a total of 12 experimental treatments (substrates × strains) with 7 replicates each totaling 84 packages with 600 g the unit. The experimental cultivation was from August to December with 21 days of incubation over 67 days of production. Through the statistics of the Carbon/Nitrogen relation, biological efficiency, loss of organic matter and mass of fresh and dried mushroom, only the control treatment maintained a good performance. Pruning substrates trees and grasses have varied low to medium fungal biomass conversion potential.

 

Key words: Fungi, sustainable development, solid waste.