African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Adaptability and stability parameters for immature seeds and pods and mature dried seeds in cowpea genotypes in Brazil northeast

Deisy Aiane Lima de Aquino
  • Deisy Aiane Lima de Aquino
  • Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Av. Manuel de Medeiros, s / n, Dois Irmãos, Recife, Brazil.
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Carlos Antonio Fernandes Santos
  • Carlos Antonio Fernandes Santos
  • Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa Semiarid), Rodovia BR-428, km 152, s/n. Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Danillo Olegário Matos da Silva
  • Danillo Olegário Matos da Silva
  • State University of Feira de Santana, Avenida Transnordestina, s/n, Novo Horizonte, Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 10 November 2016
  •  Accepted: 14 December 2016
  •  Published: 15 December 2016

Abstract

The aim of this study was to estimate adaptability and stability parameters in genotypes of cowpea for the yield of immature seeds and pods and mature dried seeds, in order to enable the recommendation of cultivars for the region of São Francisco Submedium valley. We evaluated 30 cowpea genotypes, being fourteen lines of Embrapa Semiarid, six commercial cultivars and 10 landraces in the municipalities of Juazeiro-BA and Petrolina-PE. The experiments were conducted in the second semester, during the years 2013, 2014 and 2015. For adaptability and stability analysis, the methodologies of Eberhart and Russell, Lin and Binns were used, in addition to the multiplicative method, based on principal components analysis (AMMI). A significant difference was observed for the mean squares of treatments in all environments, as well as the pooled ANOVA (P<0.01) for the effects of genotypes (G), environments (E) and G*E interaction. The lines P290, P303, P508 and PC950409D02E showed yield of immature seeds exceeding 2140 kg ha-1, broad stability and good predictability in the series of evaluated environments, and has great potential to be recommended as new cultivars for the region of São Francisco Submedium Valley.      

 

Key words: Vigna unguiculata, G*E interaction, semiarid, additive effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI).