African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Alternative products for overcoming dormancy in grapevines 'Isabel Precoce'

Jullyanna Nair De Carvalho
  • Jullyanna Nair De Carvalho
  • Departament of Agriculture, Federal University of Vale São Francisco, Brazil.
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Letícia Silva Pereira
  • Letícia Silva Pereira
  • Departament of Agriculture, Federal University of Lavras, Brazil.
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Pollyanna Aparecida De Carvalho
  • Pollyanna Aparecida De Carvalho
  • Departament of Biology, Federal University of Lavras, Brazil.
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Antônio Decarlos Neto
  • Antônio Decarlos Neto
  • Departament of Agriculture, Federal University of Lavras, Brazil.
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Jullyanna Nair De Carvalho
  • Jullyanna Nair De Carvalho
  • Departament of Agriculture, Federal University of Vale São Francisco, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Letícia Silva Pereira
  • Letícia Silva Pereira
  • Departament of Agriculture, Federal University of Lavras, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Pollyanna Aparecida De Carvalho
  • Pollyanna Aparecida De Carvalho
  • Departament of Biology, Federal University of Lavras, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Antônio Decarlos Neto
  • Antônio Decarlos Neto
  • Departament of Agriculture, Federal University of Lavras, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 01 June 2015
  •  Accepted: 20 October 2015
  •  Published: 07 January 2016

Abstract

The stage of dormancy is an important physiological condition in the behavior of temperate climate fruit trees, and it is reached at the end of the vegetative cycle, when the leaves are fallen. In general, a cold period is needed to overcome the state of dormancy and promote uniform buds sprouting, being therefore a limiting factor for grape production in Brazil. There are chemicals used in breaking dormancy of the vines, allowing the production. However, there is need to restrict the use of those products in the management of orchards, defending sustainable fruit production systems. For this purpose, alternative products, such as garlic extract, have shown promising results in overcoming dormancy in fruit trees. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different doses of natural garlic extract (NGE) (Allium Sativum L.) and Bioalho® (Natural Rural S.A.) added or not to mineral oil (MO) (2%), in overcoming dormancy of grapevines buds of the cultivar 'Isabel Precoce' (Vitis Labrusca L.), soil and climate conditions of the region of Lavras – Minas Gerais. The results of this study showed that the action of NGE and Bioalho® in breaking dormancy in different intensities, and the treatments with NGE 15% + MO (2%), NGE 20% with and without MO (2%), Bioalho® 15% with and without MO (2%) and Bioalho® 20% with and without MO (2%) had the best results in the induction of the shoots of the vines 'Isabel Precoce'.

 

Key words: Garlic extract, buds, sprouting, grapes.