African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Full Length Research Paper

Germination and emergence of Mouriri elliptica mart., a rare medicinal fruit tree native to the Brazilian Cerrado biome

Letícia Rigonato De Lima
  • Letícia Rigonato De Lima
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Goiás, Rio Verde Campus (Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Goiano, Câmpus Rio Verde, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Aurélio Rubio Neto
  • Aurélio Rubio Neto
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology Goiano, Campus Rio Verde, Rod. Sul Goiana Km 01, Cx. P. 66. CEP 75.901-970, Rio Verde – GO, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Flávia Dionísio Pereira
  • Flávia Dionísio Pereira
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology Goiano, Campus Rio Verde, Rod. Sul Goiana Km 01, Cx. P. 66. CEP 75.901-970, Rio Verde – GO, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Fabiano Guimarães Silva
  • Fabiano Guimarães Silva
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology Goiano, Campus Rio Verde, Rod. Sul Goiana Km 01, Cx. P. 66. CEP 75.901-970, Rio Verde – GO, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Carlos César Evangelista De Menezes
  • Carlos César Evangelista De Menezes
  • Cooperativa Mista dos Produtores Rurais do Sudoeste Goiano Ltda (COMIGO), Av. Presidente Vargas, 1878, Jardim Goiás, Rio Verde (GO), Brazil.
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João Das Graças Santana
  • João Das Graças Santana
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology Goiano, Campus Rio Verde, Rod. Sul Goiana Km 01, Cx. P. 66. CEP 75.901-970, Rio Verde – GO, Brazil
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 25 September 2015
  •  Accepted: 09 October 2015
  •  Published: 04 February 2016

Abstract

This study is aimed to describe the germination process of Mouriri elliptica Martius, a species in the Melastomataceae family that is native to the Cerrado (tropical savannah) and popularly known in Portuguese as croada, coroa de frade [friar’s crown], croadinha [little croada], puçá-preto [black net], or jabuticaba-do-Cerrado. The species has significant potential for use as food and medicine; however, there is a dearth of scientific studies on this plant. Two experimental tests were performed to clarify the germination process of this species: Germination was evaluated in vitro by integrating fruit ripening and culture medium, and the emergence and initial growth of M. elliptica Mart. seedlings obtained from seeds soaked for different lengths of time were observed in a greenhouse. It was verified that the in vitro environment was not effective for germination independent of the culture medium, even using known and effective methodologies for breaking dormancy in seeds of this species. For the emergence of seedlings, it was found that soaking seeds in distilled water for two days was the optimal length of time for seedling production.

 

Key words: Breaking dormancy, Melastomataceae, propagation, tetrazolium test.