African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6323

Full Length Research Paper

Field spread of banana streak virus (BSV)

Kubiriba, J. 1, Tushemereirwe, W. K.1, Kenyon, L.2 and Chancellor, T. C. B.2
1Kawanda Agricultural Research Institute-NARO, P. O. Box, 7065, Kampala, Uganda. 2Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Central Avenue, Chatham, Maritime Kent ME4 4TB, UK.
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 09 May 2012
  •  Published: 16 May 2013

Abstract

Musa (banana and plantain) provides a major source of carbohydrates for about 400 million people of whom 20 million are from East Africa. Yet, banana is threatened by number constraints, banana streak virus inclusive. Banana streak virus (BSV) was monitored in Rakai and Ntungamo, Uganda for up to 72 months after planting (MAP) and 29MAP respectively. BSV incidence increase over time was fitted into exponential model and spatial spread analysed by 2DCLASS and 2DCORR. BSV infection was initiated in Rakai 29 months after planting (MAP), but only 6 MAP in Ntungamo. BSV incidence then increased at a rate of 0.10 plants respectively / infected plant / month at a rate 0.23 plants / infected plant / month in Rakai and Ntungamo respectively. In both sites, spatial analysis showed that there were significant aggregated BSV spatial patterns. New infections were more likely to occur within a 10 rows/coloumns from an old infection. Significant edge effects were also detected in Ntungamo, indicating that there was significant spread from the immediate surroundings (infected established field suggesting need for separation of new fields from old infected fields to delay onset of BSV. Roguing should be frequent enough to offset rate of BSV incidence increase. The study shows that BSV is a slow spreading disease; however, there is sufficient time in this perennial cropping system for it to increase to epidemic levels. It is however, possible to check the advance of the BSV epidemic through phytosanitary measures. 

Key words: Banana streak virus (BSV), spatial and temporal spread, phytosanitation.