African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6198

Full Length Research Paper

Structural and productive characteristics of Cowpea (Vigna ungiculata) under different water availabilities

Guimaraes S. L.
  • Guimaraes S. L.
  • Federal University of Mato Grosso, Institute of Agricultural and Technological Sciences, 5055 Students Ave. Rondonópolis, 78.735-901, Brazil
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Bonfim-Silva E. M.
  • Bonfim-Silva E. M.
  • Federal University of Mato Grosso, Institute of Agricultural and Technological Sciences, 5055 Students Ave. Rondonópolis, 78.735-901, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Moreira J. C. F.
  • Moreira J. C. F.
  • Federal University of Mato Grosso, Institute of Agricultural and Technological Sciences, 5055 Students Ave. Rondonópolis, 78.735-901, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Silva S. L. S.
  • Silva S. L. S.
  • Federal University of Mato Grosso, Institute of Agricultural and Technological Sciences, 5055 Students Ave. Rondonópolis, 78.735-901, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Bosa C. K.
  • Bosa C. K.
  • Federal University of Mato Grosso, Institute of Agricultural and Technological Sciences, 5055 Students Ave. Rondonópolis, 78.735-901, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Silva T. J. A.
  • Silva T. J. A.
  • Federal University of Mato Grosso, Institute of Agricultural and Technological Sciences, 5055 Students Ave. Rondonópolis, 78.735-901, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Koetz M.
  • Koetz M.
  • Federal University of Mato Grosso, Institute of Agricultural and Technological Sciences, 5055 Students Ave. Rondonópolis, 78.735-901, Brazil
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 05 October 2018
  •  Accepted: 08 November 2018
  •  Published: 29 November 2018

Abstract

The cowpea has stood out on the national scene, opening up new perspectives and applications of a more suitable management to ensure quality product. Therefore, it is important to know the responsiveness to the levels of deficit and excess water in the soil. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the initial development of cowpea plants subjected to different soil water availabilities. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse, in a completely randomized design with six water availabilities (40, 60, 80, 100, 120 and 140% of the maximum soil water holding capacity) with four replicates. Maintaining soil moisture was performed using gravimetric method. The results were submitted to analysis of variance and regression at 5% probability through Sisvar statistical program. The plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves, dry mass of shoots and roots were evaluated 35 days after implantation of the treatments. The water availabilities that provide better development and yield of cowpea BRS Nova Era stood in the range of 78.5 to 84.5% of the maximum soil water retention.

Key words: Brazilian Cerrado, Vigna unguiculata, water stress.