African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Full Length Research Paper

Irrigation water management during the ripening of tomato aiming fruit quality

Fabio Teixeira Delazari
  • Fabio Teixeira Delazari
  • Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Campus Viçosa, Avenida Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n. Campus Universitário, Viçosa-MG, CEP: 36570-900, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Luan Brioschi Giovanelli
  • Luan Brioschi Giovanelli
  • Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Campus Viçosa, Avenida Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n. Campus Universitário, Viçosa-MG, CEP: 36570-900, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Ronaldo Silva Gomes
  • Ronaldo Silva Gomes
  • Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Campus Viçosa, Avenida Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n. Campus Universitário, Viçosa-MG, CEP: 36570-900, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Ronaldo Machado Junior
  • Ronaldo Machado Junior
  • Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Campus Viçosa, Avenida Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n. Campus Universitário, Viçosa-MG, CEP: 36570-900, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Julia De Oliveira Lima
  • Julia De Oliveira Lima
  • Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Campus Viçosa, Avenida Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n. Campus Universitário, Viçosa-MG, CEP: 36570-900, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Elis Marina De Freitas
  • Elis Marina De Freitas
  • Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Campus Viçosa, Avenida Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n. Campus Universitário, Viçosa-MG, CEP: 36570-900, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Silvio Pereira Bueno
  • Silvio Pereira Bueno
  • Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Campus Viçosa, Avenida Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n. Campus Universitário, Viçosa-MG, CEP: 36570-900, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Derly Jose Henriques Da Silva
  • Derly Jose Henriques Da Silva
  • Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Campus Viçosa, Avenida Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n. Campus Universitário, Viçosa-MG, CEP: 36570-900, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 06 September 2016
  •  Accepted: 25 October 2016
  •  Published: 03 November 2016

Abstract

Despite the shortage of water resources be evident worldwide, turning prosperous lands into unproductive and affecting the existence of humidity, there is a great fraction of producers who still do not implement the proper management of the irrigation water in their properties. The poor management of irrigation is still a reality for most of the producers located in Brazil Middle Cerrado, which continue irrigating the tomato crop using empirical methods, resulting in economic, environmental and social damage. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of different irrigation depths and different times of suspension in irrigation during the ripening stage in tomato in productivity and quality of fruit for processing. The experiment was conducted under a Center pivot irrigation system and a split plot experimental design. The study showed that the higher irrigation depth (100% of ETc) resulted in higher yield (104 t ha-1) with lower soluble solids. The irrigation suspension at the beginning of fruit maturation increased soluble solids accumulation (4.2°Brix), providing higher quality and production of fruits to tomato industry.

 

Key words: Productivity, Solanum lycopersicom, L., water deficit.