Selection done using molecular markers has spread to all types of agricultural plants and animals. Marker assisted selection (MAS) is safe for ecology and food products consumed. The purpose of the study is to develop Sub1A gene (which determines tolerance to prolonged flooding) in the Russian rice varieties using DNA-markers and Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. A large volume of pre-breeding rice material (F2-F4, BC2F2) was created with tolerance genes for prolonged flooding, to control weed in rice agrophytocenosis. The forms with 120-130-day vegetation period were selected. An analysis of the co-inheritance of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers Sub1Aq, Sub1C173, Sub1A203 with the Sub1 gene was carried out. It revealed the codominance of the selected microsatellites. They can be used to identify and visualize the allelic state of a given target gene in the breeding material. The recurrent parental rice forms, donors of the gene Sub 1 and the hybrids of F2 and Ð’Ð¡2F1 population were tested on tolerance to prolonged flooding. The gene is effective in ensuring resistance to this stress factor within 2 to 3 weeks and it can be recommended for the breeding programs to develop modern genetic resources of rice tolerant to prolonged and deep flooding for weed control on rice fields.
Key words: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), rice, Sub genes, tolerance to flooding, weeds.
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