African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6380

Full Length Research Paper

Agroclimatic risk zoning of mango (Mangifera indica) in the hydrographic basin of Paraná River III, Brazil

Nathan Felipe da Silva Caldana
  • Nathan Felipe da Silva Caldana
  • Federal University of Technology–Parana, Londrina-PR, 86036-370, Brazil.
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Pablo Ricardo Nitsche
  • Pablo Ricardo Nitsche
  • Agronomic Institute of Parana, Agrometeorology and Plant Physiology Section, Londrina-PR, 86047-902, Brazil.
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Luiz Gustavo Batista Ferreira
  • Luiz Gustavo Batista Ferreira
  • Agronomic Institute of Parana, Agrometeorology and Plant Physiology Section, Londrina-PR, 86047-902, Brazil.
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Alan Carlos Martelócio
  • Alan Carlos Martelócio
  • Agronomic Institute of Parana, Agrometeorology and Plant Physiology Section, Londrina-PR, 86047-902, Brazil.
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Paulo Henrique Caramori
  • Paulo Henrique Caramori
  • Agronomic Institute of Parana, Agrometeorology and Plant Physiology Section, Londrina-PR, 86047-902, Brazil.
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Paulo Vicente Contador Zaccheo
  • Paulo Vicente Contador Zaccheo
  • Agronomic Institute of Parana, Agrometeorology and Plant Physiology Section, Londrina-PR, 86047-902, Brazil.
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Jorge Alberto Martins
  • Jorge Alberto Martins
  • Federal University of Technology–Parana, Londrina-PR, 86036-370, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 24 January 2020
  •  Accepted: 24 February 2020
  •  Published: 31 July 2020

Abstract

Mango cultivation is one of the key economic agricultural activities of fruit in Brazil. In Southern Brazil, mango presents vulnerability thanks to its frost sensitivity, indicating the relevance of climate studies to improve the production and agricultural techniques, in the context of sustainable agriculture and climate change. Agroclimatic zoning should be one of the first information to be considered when starting its cultivation. The objective of this study is to carry out climatic risk zoning for mango tree (Mangifera indica) in the basin of Paraná River III, Brazil. Meteorological data from 43 stations, from 1976 to 2018, were used. The climatic risk analysis was based on the requirements of the mango for precipitation, water balance, average annual temperature, and frost tolerance. The occurrence of frosts is the key restrict factor for production in the area of study. This meteorological factor restricted mango cultivation in the central-eastern portion of the basin. In other areas, the risk is present but the mango cultivation is recommended.

Key words: Climate aptitude, climate variability, agricultural planning.