African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Full Length Research Paper

Foliar application of urea and bell pepper amino acids

Rodrigo Teles Mendes
  • Rodrigo Teles Mendes
  • Universidade Estadual de Goiás, Câmpus Ipameri, Rodovia GO 330, km 241, s/n Anel Viário, Ipameri, Goiás, CEP: 75780-000 Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Roberto Cardoso Resende
  • Roberto Cardoso Resende
  • Universidade Estadual de Goiás, Câmpus Ipameri, Rodovia GO 330, km 241, s/n Anel Viário, Ipameri, Goiás, CEP: 75780-000 Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Marco Antonio Moreira Pereira
  • Marco Antonio Moreira Pereira
  • Universidade Estadual de Goiás, Câmpus Ipameri, Rodovia GO 330, km 241, s/n Anel Viário, Ipameri, Goiás, CEP: 75780-000 Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Rafael Umbelino Bento
  • Rafael Umbelino Bento
  • Universidade Estadual de Goiás, Câmpus Ipameri, Rodovia GO 330, km 241, s/n Anel Viário, Ipameri, Goiás, CEP: 75780-000 Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Renan Cesar Dias da Silva
  • Renan Cesar Dias da Silva
  • Universidade Estadual de Goiás, Câmpus Ipameri, Rodovia GO 330, km 241, s/n Anel Viário, Ipameri, Goiás, CEP: 75780-000 Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Sihélio Julio Silva Cruz
  • Sihélio Julio Silva Cruz
  • Universidade Estadual de Goiás, Câmpus Ipameri, Rodovia GO 330, km 241, s/n Anel Viário, Ipameri, Goiás, CEP: 75780-000 Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Adilson Pelá
  • Adilson Pelá
  • Universidade Estadual de Goiás, Câmpus Ipameri, Rodovia GO 330, km 241, s/n Anel Viário, Ipameri, Goiás, CEP: 75780-000 Brazil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 06 October 2015
  •  Accepted: 23 April 2016
  •  Published: 12 May 2016

Abstract

The Bell peppers is a tropical culture and it is in the 10 most consumed vegetables of the world. The mineral nutrition is essential to the productivity and better quality of the gather fruits. In bell pepper cultivation, high portions of nitrogen are essential to a good performance of fruits. The foliar fertilizing is a complement to the ground fertilizing. The amino acids are a good source of nitrogen, once these are quickly incorporated to the plants metabolism. Therefore, this work aimed to estimate the sources and portions of N to the foliar application in Bell pepper cultivar. The Randomized blocks design was utilized in a factorial scheme 2 × 4, with four repetitions. The first factor corresponded in two sources of N: urea and amino acids. The second factor corresponded to the number of repetitions by foliar: 0, 1, 3, 5 and 7 applications during the culture cycle. The first foliar application occurred ten days after the transplant, and the subsequent in breaks of fifteen days after the first application. In the test there was not application. The baselines evaluated: Cross length of fruits, fruits diameters, number of total fruits and productivity in kg ha-1. The results were submitted to variation and regression analysis. The application of amino acids by foliar in plants of Bell pepper, increased the diameter and the length of fruits. High sources of urea also provided morphological changes in fruits however lower amino acids utilization.

 

Key words: Capsicum annuum L., nitrogen fertilizing, fruit quality.