African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of pure and crossbred progenies of Red Sokoto and West African Dwarf goats in the Rainforest Zone of South Eastern Nigeria

E. N. Nwachukwu1, K. U. Amaefule2, F. O. Ahamefule3, S.  C. Akomas4, T. U. Nwabueze5, U. A. U Onyebinama6 and O. O. Ekumankama6
1Department of Animal Breeding and Physiology, Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia,  Abia State, Nigeria. 2Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Sciences, Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria. 3Department of Animal Production and Management, Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia,  Abia State, Nigeria. 4College of Veterinary Medicine. Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria. 5Department of Food Processing and Analysis, Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike,  Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria. 6College of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Published: 09 May 2013

Abstract

A total of 56 kids produced from four breeding goat units consisting of pure Red Sokoto (RS ×RS), pure West African Dwarf (WAD × WAD), main cross (RS × WAD), and reciprocal cross (WAD × RS) were used to investigate performance and cost benefit of producing progenies of these indigenous goat breeds in a rain forest zone of South Eastern Nigeria. The experimental design was a completely randomized design with genetic group as the factor of interest. Data obtained showed that at birth, the male RS × RS kids weighed significantly (P<0.05) highest (1840.0 ± 230.98 g), followed by WAD × RS (1430 ± 144.36 g), RS × WAD (1371.00 ± 56.54 g) while the WAD x WAD kids had the lowest birth weight (1150.00 ± 39.36 g). However, the RS × AD female kids, at birth weighed significantly highest (1500 ± 54.10 g), followed by the RS × RS (1328.50 ± 98.69g), WAD × RS (1312.50 ± 17.81 g) and WAD × WAD (1087.50 ± 106.80 g). The male and female kids of the RS × WAD had improved body weight and the linear body measurements such as body length, height-at-withers and heart girth. They also had a higher average daily gain (46.03 ± 1.41 g/day) and better feed conversion ratio (5.38 ± 0.27) than the RS x WAD and WAD x WAD goats. This genetic group had the lowest cost of production (N953.40 ± 10.21) and as such the highest gross margin (N2111.06 ± 21.7). They appear more promising hybrid goats for commercial meat goat production in the rainforest zone of South Eastern Nigeria.

 

Key words: Red Sokoto goats, West African Dwarf (WAD) goats, crossbreeding, conformation traits, cost benefit,  rainforest zone.