African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of performance and chemical composition of Petroselinum crispum essential oil under different conditions of water deficit

Ivania Burin Borges
  • Ivania Burin Borges
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia Aplicada à Agricultura. Universidade Paranaense, Umuarama, Praça Mascarenhas de Moraes, 4282, 87502-210 Umuarama, Paraná, Brasil.
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Bruna Karen Cardoso
  • Bruna Karen Cardoso
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia Aplicada à Agricultura. Universidade Paranaense, Umuarama, Praça Mascarenhas de Moraes, 4282, 87502-210 Umuarama, Paraná, Brasil.
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Eloísa Schneider Silva
  • Eloísa Schneider Silva
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia Aplicada à Agricultura. Universidade Paranaense, Umuarama, Praça Mascarenhas de Moraes, 4282, 87502-210 Umuarama, Paraná, Brasil.
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Jéssica Souza de Oliveira
  • Jéssica Souza de Oliveira
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia Aplicada à Agricultura. Universidade Paranaense, Umuarama, Praça Mascarenhas de Moraes, 4282, 87502-210 Umuarama, Paraná, Brasil.
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Rafael Ferreira da Silva
  • Rafael Ferreira da Silva
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia Aplicada à Agricultura. Universidade Paranaense, Umuarama, Praça Mascarenhas de Moraes, 4282, 87502-210 Umuarama, Paraná, Brasil.
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Cláudia Moraes de Rezende
  • Cláudia Moraes de Rezende
  • Centro de Tecnologia, Instituto de Quimica,Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Av. Athos da Silveira Ramos, 149, 21941-909, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
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José Eduardo Gonçalves
  • José Eduardo Gonçalves
  • Programa de Pós-graduação em Promoção da Saúde e em Tecnologias Limpas. Centro Universitário de Maringá, UniCESUMAR, Av. Guerdner no 1610, Jd. Aclimação, Maringá, PR, Brasil.
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Ranulfo Piau Junior
  • Ranulfo Piau Junior
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal. Universidade Paranaense, Umuarama, Praça Mascarenhas de Moraes, 4282, 87502-210 Umuarama, Paraná, Brasil.
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Silvia Graciele Hulse de Souza
  • Silvia Graciele Hulse de Souza
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia Aplicada à Agricultura. Universidade Paranaense, Umuarama, Praça Mascarenhas de Moraes, 4282, 87502-210 Umuarama, Paraná, Brasil.
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Zilda Cristiani Gazim
  • Zilda Cristiani Gazim
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia Aplicada à Agricultura. Universidade Paranaense, Umuarama, Praça Mascarenhas de Moraes, 4282, 87502-210 Umuarama, Paraná, Brasil.
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  •  Received: 18 December 2015
  •  Accepted: 19 January 2016
  •  Published: 11 February 2016

Abstract

This experiment aimed to assess the development, yield and chemical composition of Petroselinum crispum essential oil (EO), popularly known as parsley under different levels of water stress deficit: 30  to 40% (moderate stress), 50 to 60% (severe stress) and control 0 to 10%. The plants were kept in a greenhouse to complete the cycle, harvested and measured for their biomass (g), development (cm), yield (%) and chemical composition of EO of aerial parts and root. The EO was extracted by hydrodistillation and the chemical analysis done by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). In the control and moderate stress, greater development of the aerial part occurred without showing difference in the root development. A yield increase of EO extracted from the roots was verified when it was submitted to moderate stress, but there was no difference in the aerial part yield. The EO chemical composition was influenced by the different conditions of water deficit, producing 100% of apiole in moderate stress and control of aerial parts and roots. A different behavior was observed for severe stress, which presented three compounds (89.98% apiole, 6.53% β-sesquiphellandrene and 3.49% myristicin) in aerial parts, but four compounds were found for the root (88.40% apiole, 5.83% β-sesquiphellandrene, 3.61% myristicin and 2.16% elemicin). These results indicated that under greater water deficit, the plant produced other compounds besides apiole, probably as a defense mechanism. The results showed that there was influence of the water stress on the plant development as well as on the essential oil yield and chemical composition.

 

Key words: Apiole, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), essential oil, water stress, parsley.