African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of chemical composition and nutritive potential of oil palm slurry fermented with cassava peel as feed for livestock

ABIOLA-OLAGUNJU Oluwanike
  • ABIOLA-OLAGUNJU Oluwanike
  • Department of Home Economics and Hotel Management, College of Agricultural Science Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ayetoro Campus, Nigeria.
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MAKO Adejoke Adeneye
  • MAKO Adejoke Adeneye
  • Department of Agricultural Production and Management Sciences, Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun. Ijebu-Ode, P. M. B. 2118, Ijebu-Ode. Ogun State, Nigeria.
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AKINSOYINU Akintunde Olaleye
  • AKINSOYINU Akintunde Olaleye
  • Department of Animal Science, School of Agriculture and Industrial Technology, Babcock University Ilishan Remo, Ogun State
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  •  Received: 26 June 2013
  •  Accepted: 16 June 2014
  •  Published: 27 June 2014

Abstract

Cassava peels (CaP) and oil palm slurry (OPS) are agro-industrial by-products obtainable throughout the year. Utilization of CaP as feed can be enhanced through fermentation with OPS. The use of CaP fermented with OPS as feed for livestock was therefore investigated with three experiments. The nutrient composition of OPS collected from different locations was determined. Parameters varied significantly with Mamu samples recording the highest values of dry matter (DM) and crude protein (CP) (43.20 and 8.15 g/100 g DM) respectively. The chemical composition of fermented (CPF) and unfermented (CPU) cassava peel was assessed. Result revealed no significant variations with CPU recording the highest value of DM (73.63 g/100 g DM) while CPF recorded the highest (6.50 g/100 g DM) value of CP. The chemical composition of cassava peel fermented with a constant amount of OPS in the ratios, 1:1; 2:1; 3;1; 4;1; 5:1 and 6:1 of CaP and OPS, respectively was determined. The ratios vary significantly, with ratio 3:1 (CaP:OPS) recording the highest (14.15 g/100 g DM) value of CP and lowest (27 g/100 g DM) value of neutral detergent fiber (NDF). Conclusively fermentation improved the quality of the mixture by breaking down the fibre contents in each graded combination through microbial metabolic activities. The best result was obtained at the ratio 1:3 OPS to CaP.

 

Key words: Cassava peel, chemical composition, fermentation, oil palm slurry.