African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Power take-off rotation and operation quality of peanut mechanized digging

Evaldo Ferezin
  • Evaldo Ferezin
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Campus Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo State, Brazil.
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Murilo Aparecido Voltarelli
  • Murilo Aparecido Voltarelli
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Campus Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo State, Brazil.
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Rouverson Pereira da Silva
  • Rouverson Pereira da Silva
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Campus Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo State, Brazil.
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Cristiano Zerbato
  • Cristiano Zerbato
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Campus Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo State, Brazil.
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Marcelo Tufaile Cassia
  • Marcelo Tufaile Cassia
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Campus Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo State, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 04 October 2013
  •  Accepted: 15 April 2015
  •  Published: 18 June 2015

Abstract

Considering that mechanized digging is an important stage in the productive chain of peanut, the studies related to the quantification of visible, invisible and total losses are still scarce, making it necessary to investigate these losses in order to obtain the operation control. In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the losses mentioned and the operational performance in the mechanized peanut digging related with five rotations in the tractor power take-off (PTO), verified by statistical control of the process (SCP). The experiment was carried out in tracks with eight replications for each treatment, making a total of 40 sampling points. There was no influence of PTO rotations in the visible, invisible and total loss averages during digging. The PTO rotation in 378 rpm (6.3 Hz) presents smaller variability of visible, invisible and total digging losses. The lowest fuel consumption variability and average speed are obtained with 486 rpm (8.1 Hz) and 378 rpm (6.3 Hz) PTO rotation, respectively.

 

 Key words: Arachis hypogaea L., harvest losses, vibratory treadmill, control charts.