African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6477

Full Length Research Paper

Small scale farmers’ perception of institutions and information channels on climate change and adaptation, Embu County, Kenya

Ruth Kangai
  • Ruth Kangai
  • Department of Environmental Science and Education, School of Environmental Studies, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya.
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Wemali Evelyn Chitechi
  • Wemali Evelyn Chitechi
  • Department of Environmental Science and Education, School of Environmental Studies, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya.
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James Koske
  • James Koske
  • Department of Environmental Science and Education, School of Environmental Studies, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya.
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Boaz Waswa
  • Boaz Waswa
  • The International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Kenya.
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Innocent Ngare
  • Innocent Ngare
  • Department of Environmental Science and Education, School of Environmental Studies, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya.
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  •  Received: 25 August 2020
  •  Accepted: 15 January 2021
  •  Published: 31 March 2021

Abstract

This study assessed the small scale farmers’ perception of institutions and information channels on climate change and adaptation in Embu County, Kenya. A survey was conducted on 411 households and 25 key informants on their perception of institutions and information channels towards climate change and adaptation where stratified random and purposive sampling was done respectively. The data were subjected to descriptive statistics, chi-square, linear regression, and Likert scale analysis. The results showed that formal institutions are more likely to influence small scale farmers’ ability to perceive climate variability risks and opt for adaptation mechanisms. Out of twelve information channels identified by the farmers, only five are more likely to influence climate variability adaptation mechanisms. While life-experience was the only channel significant to perception on climate variability impacts on agriculture. On the access and utilization of climate-related information, small-scale farmers are in a position to implement although many barriers were cited. The results indicate the need for the farmers, agricultural, and climate-related institutions to work closely to enable co-learning to raise awareness and to help disseminate agricultural-related information.

Key words: Institutions, information channels, climate change, adaptation, perception.