African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6489

Full Length Research Paper

Small scale farmers’ perception of institutions and information channels on climate change and adaptation, Embu County, Kenya

Ruth Kangai
  • Ruth Kangai
  • Department of Environmental Science and Education, School of Environmental Studies, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Wemali Evelyn Chitechi
  • Wemali Evelyn Chitechi
  • Department of Environmental Science and Education, School of Environmental Studies, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
James Koske
  • James Koske
  • Department of Environmental Science and Education, School of Environmental Studies, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Boaz Waswa
  • Boaz Waswa
  • The International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Innocent Ngare
  • Innocent Ngare
  • Department of Environmental Science and Education, School of Environmental Studies, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 25 August 2020
  •  Accepted: 15 January 2021
  •  Published: 31 March 2021

References

Adger WN (2009). Social Capital, Collective Action and Adaptation to Climate Change. Economic Geography 79(4):387-404. 
Crossref

 

Agrawal A (2008). The Role of Local Institutions in Adaptation to Climate Change. Paper prepared for the Social Dimensions of Climate Change, Social Development Department. March.
Crossref

 

Ajuang CO, Abuom PO, Bosire EK, Dida GO, Anyona DN (2016). Determinants of climate change awareness level in upper Nyakach Division, Kisumu County, Kenya. SpringerPlus 5(1):1-20. 
Crossref

 

Anderson S, Geoghegan T, Ayers J (2009). An assessment of channels to support climate adaptation by the poorest. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 6(36):362016. 
Crossref

 

Arnell NW (2010). Adapting to climate change: An evolving research programme. Climatic Change 100(1):107-111. 
Crossref

 

Ayal DY, Filho LW (2017). Farmers' perceptions of climate variability and its adverse impacts on crop and livestock production in Ethiopia. Journal of Arid Environments 140(0140-1963):20-28. 
Crossref

 

Ayuke FO, Karanja NK, Muya EM, Musombi BK, Mungatu J, Nyamasyo GH (2009). Macrofauna Diversity and Abundance across Different Land Use Systems in Embu, Kenya. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems 11(2):371-384.

 

Barham J, Clarence C (2008). Collective action initiatives to improve marketing performance: Lessons from Farmer Groups in Tanzania Food policy 34(1):53-59.
Crossref

 

Cash DW, Clark WC, Alcock F, Dickson NM, Eckley N, Guston DH, Jäger J, Mitchell RB (2003). Knowledge systems for sustainable development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(14):8086-8091. 
Crossref

 

Diao X, Hazell P, Thurlow J (2010). The Role of Agriculture in African Development. World Development 38(10):1375-1383. 
Crossref

 

Elmusharaf K (2012). Qualitative sampling techniques. Training Course in Sexual and Reproductive Health Research, Geneva.

View

 

Embu County Government integrated Development Plan (2013). Republic of Kenya Embu County Government Theme: A prosperous and united county. August 2013.

 

Gartner K (2015). Liquid Assets, Institutions, Climate Change and Conflict : The Political Ecology of Water in Maji Moto Group Ranch , Narok South , Kenya A Case Study of Water-Related Conflict in a Maasai Community. Master's thesis pp. 1-116.

 

Herrero M, Thornton PK, Notenbaert AM, Wood S, Msangi S, Freeman HA, Bossio D, Dixon J, Peters M, Van De Steeg J, Lynam J, Rao P, MacMillan S, Gerard B, McDermott J, Seré C, Rosegrant M (2010). Smart investments in sustainable food production: Revisiting mixed crop-livestock systems. Science 327(5967):822-825.
Crossref

 

Islam MT, Nursey-Bray M (2017). Adaptation to climate change in agriculture in Bangladesh: The role of formal institutions. Journal of Environmental Management 200:347-358. 
Crossref

 

Kabubo-Mariara J (2015). Climate Change and Food Security in Kenya Does Climate Change Affect Food Insecurity in Kenya?

 

Kellstedt PM, Zahran S, Vedlitz A (2008). Personal efficacy, the information environment, and attitudes toward global warming and climate change in the United States. Risk Analysis 28(1):113-126. 
Crossref

 

Mearns R, Norton A (2010). Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerablity in a Warming World. In Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. 
Crossref

 

Mugi EW (2014). Knowledge-based climate forecast for farmers' enhanced adaptation to climate variability in Tharaka-Nithi and Kitui counties (BSc.) A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment for the Degree of Master of Environmental Studies.

 

Mutune JM (2017). Gender and Generational Aspects of Sustainable Intensification-Social-Economic Dimensions of Kenyan Smallholder Based Agriculture and Food Security. AgriFoSe 2030:1-25.

 

Nyong A, Adesina E, Osman E (2007). The Value of Indigenous Knowledge in Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies in the African Sahel. May 2015. 
Crossref

 

Ostrom E (2008). Doing Institutional Analysis: Digging Deeper than Markets and Hierarchies. Handbook of New Institutional Economics 819-848. 
Crossref

 

Oyekale AS (2015). Factors Explaining Farm Households' Access to and Utilization of Extreme Climate Forecasts in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Environmental Economics 6(1):91-103.

 

Raymond CM, Robinson GM (2013). Factors affecting rural landholders' adaptation to climate change: Insights from formal institutions and communities of practice. Global Environmental Change 23(1):103-114. 
Crossref

 

Rice JL, Woodhouse CA, Lukas JJ (2009). Science and decision making: Water management and tree-ring data in the western United States. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 45(5):1248-1259. 
Crossref

 

Srinivasan G, Rafisura KM, Subbiah AR (2011). Climate information requirements for community-level risk management and adaptation. Climate Research 47(1-2):5-12. 
Crossref

 

Tai APK, Martin MV, Heald CL (2014). Threat to future global food security from climate change and ozone air pollution. Nature Climate Change 4(9):817-821.
Crossref

 

Tari D, King-okumu C, Jarso I (2015). Strengthening Local Customary Institutions: A Case Study in Isiolo County, Northern Kenya. May.

 

Thi Hong Phuong L, Biesbroek GR, Wals AEJ (2017). The interplay between social learning and adaptive capacity in climate change adaptation: A systematic review. NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 82:1-9. 
Crossref

 

Yamane T (1967). Statistics, An Introductory Analysis (2nd Ed). Harper and Row. New York