African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6626

Article in Press

Characterized and Classified the soils of Enemor Ener Woreda, southern Ethiopia to analyse their agricultural potential for sustainable development

Francis Abuye, Mitiku Haile, Wassie Haile

  •  Received: 18 October 2021
  •  Accepted: 13 December 2021
A reliable soil data play vital role in understanding the soil environment and its services. Therefore, a study was conducted to understand their physico-chemical and morphological properties of the soils and characterize, classify and map them. Three slope categories were considered and nineteen (19) representative opened pits (Pedons) in each slope was described according to WRB (2014), and then soil from horizons of each pedon were analysed for physico-chemical properties. Accordingly, pedons showed variability in the nature. And, their soil textural classes are characterized by sandy clay loam, clay loam to clay/heavy clay. The dominant exch. bases were Ca>Mg> Na> K in decreasing order with the soils having high base saturation. The soil chemical reaction had strongly acidic to neutral reaction. TN% and OC% contents in all soils are low to very low. Avail. P content also is optimum to very low. CEC and PBS were ranged from very high to optimum, while the concentrations of micronutrients in the soils were sufficient III to sufficient I (Fe), very high (Mn), sufficient II to deficient (Zn) and sufficient III to marginal (Cu) respectively. Chromic Luvisols, Haplic Nitisols, Mollic Leptosols and Mesotrphic Vertisols identified as major soil types. Slope and land use influenced soil properties and the study site need for integrated soil fertility management practices to maintain soil nutrients in a sustainable manner.

Keywords: Characterization, Classification, Soil types and Topographic Position