The objective of this study was to identify selection criteria of goat and breeding practice of the goat under farmer management condition. The survey conducted in two National Regional States of Ethiopia: Oromiya regional states (Abaya district) in West Guji zone and South nation nationalty and peoples region (Yirgachafee district) of Gedio zone. Data were collected through structured and semi-structured questionnaire and focused group discussion. Farmers practice morphological selection for future replacement of stock considering selection criteria such conformation, growth rate, coat color for buck and conformation, twining ability, age at sexual maturity, kidding interval and color for female. In both districts, farmers have relatively similar production and breeding objectives. Conformation is hub selection criteria for replacement of breeding flock and study area has liable by inbreeding also goat in this study prolific (twinning birth).Trait preferences of farmers in goats (conformation, growth rate, twinning, kidding interval were an indicator traits needed by communities. Hence adopting breeding programme that suited to this area which aimed at improving preferred traits is relevant.
Keywords: Breeding, castration, Selection