African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6559

Table of Content: 15 September, 2016; 11(37)

September 2016

Agronomic efficiency of Bradyrhizobium in peanut under different environments in Brazilian Northeast

Several legumes have natural ability to associate with nitrogen-fixing bacteria known as rhizobia. The efficiency of this association depends on the plant and bacterial genotype and the edaphoclimatic conditions. Peanut is a tropical legume able to associate with a wide range of rhizobia and the selection of efficient bacteria is important to increase the nitrogen fixation in this crop. In order to investigate the...

Author(s): Ciro Igor Torres Sizenando, Jean Pierre Cordeiro Ramos, Paulo Ivan Fernandes-Júnior, Liziane Maria de Lima, Rosa Maria Mendes Freire and Roseane Cavalcanti dos Santos

September 2016

Cadmium effects on sunflower growth and mineral nutrition

A hydroponic greenhouse study was carried out to evaluate the effects of increasing cadmium (Cd) concentration on plant growth, mineral nutrition and Cd distribution of H-250 sunflower genotype. Exposure to increasing Cd concentrations reduced plant biomass by 40, 34, 47 and 42% of the total, leaves, stem and roots dry weights as compared to the control. Regardless of the treatment most of Cd uptake by the genotype was...

Author(s): Miriã Maria Almeida de Abreu Silva Ferreira, Jorge Antônio Gonzaga Santos, Silvany Cardim Moura, Claudia Brito de Abreu, Marcela Rebouças Bomfim and André Dias de Azevedo Neto

September 2016

Morphology and biomass yield of forage cactus under mineral fertilization in organic soil

The objective of this study was to evaluate the morphological characteristics and yield of the biomass of forage cactus in mineral fertilizers in organic soil. The experiment was conducted in vases, in the open in the experimental area of the Federal University of Campina Grande - UFCG. The experimental design was completely randomized in a factorial scheme 3×2 with four replications in which factors consisted of...

Author(s): Patrícia Ferreira da Silva, Rigoberto Moreira de Matos, Vitória Ediclécia Borges, José Dantas Neto and Maria Sallydelândia  Sobral de Farias

September 2016

Quali-Quantitative study of biogas production from bio-digestion of cutting poultry

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biogas production and the potential production obtained with the anaerobic digestion of cutting poultry carcasses. The carcasses were used to supply batch digesters with 8 liters of capacity of fermentation material. To perform this process, analysis content of total solids (TS) and volatile solids (VS) were performed. We used a system of three treatments, TRA (Treatment A)...

Author(s): Andrei Antonio Mondardo, Samuel Nelson Melegari de Souza, Solles Augusto Rovaris, Claudinei de Almeida, Glaucio José Gomes, Simoni Spohr Venzon, Reginaldo Ferreira Santos and Jair Antonio Cruz Siqueira

September 2016

Corn hybrid seed damage as a function of metering device in corn planting

Seed quality control is becoming increasingly important, since the market is increasingly competitive. The planting operation process should occur in order to avoid mechanical damage, which may affect the seed quality. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of mechanical damage caused by meter mechanisms (mechanical and pneumatic) on physical and physiological quality of corn seeds. The experiment was carried out in a...

Author(s): Aline C. Serrano, Carlos Eduardo A. Furlani, Rafael S. Bertonha, Fabio A. Cavichioli and Cristiano Zerbato

September 2016

Genetic divergence between soybean cultivars grown in the Cerrado in Southwestern Piauí, Brazil

Knowing plant traits and their contribution to genetic diversity is key to identify favorable genotypes and breed new cultivars. This article aims to describe and quantify the genetic divergence between soybean cultivars grown in the Cerrado in southwestern Piauí, Brazil, and identify favorable genotypes for hybridization. To do this, 13 soybean cultivars were grown in the region and assessed concerning...

Author(s): Tiago de Oliveira Sousa, Daniela Vieira Chaves, Elaine Heberle, José Hamilton da Costa Filho, Farley Silva Santana, Carlos Roberto Barbosa Monteiro, Rodrigo de Sá Ferreira and Maria Eugenia Lima dos Santos

September 2016

Soybean yield and productivity components according to spacing and population density

Soybean has great importance in world economy. Their productivity is influenced by numerous factors like nutrition, pests, diseases, genetic factors, and weather and plant density to name a few, and the spatial distribution of plants per area a resource to increase productivity the aim of this study was to evaluate main items of productivity and soybean yield with different arrangements of plants with spacing (0.25 and...

Author(s): Itamar Ferreira da Silva, Eloisa Lorenzetti, Suzana Ferreira da Silva, Tânia Vezzaro, Otacir Hirsch, Marta Sabrina Nimet, Vanessa Faria de Oliveira, Juliana Yuriko Habitzreuter Fujimoto, Diego Algusto Fois Fatecha, Eliana Peliçon Pereira and Alfredo José Alves Neto

September 2016

Processing, storage methods and quality attributes of spices and aromatic herbs in the local merchandising chain in Benin

This study investigated the processing, the commercialization and the consumption practices of spices and aromatic herbs in different districts of Benin. The investigation was done through a survey using a questionnaire. The questionnaire mainly focused on the socio-cultural profile of actors, the spices and aromatic herbs commercialized, the processing techniques, the quality attributes according to the actors, the...

Author(s): Akpo-Djènontin D. O. O., Anihouvi V. B., Vissoh V. P., Gbaguidi F. and Soumanou M.

September 2016

Temperature and pre-germinative treatments for overcoming Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. (Fabaceae) seeds dormancy

Acacia farnesiana L. is a species known for its uses in recovery of degraded pastures, animal feeding, medical and fungicide properties. However, it is one of the most problematic invasive species in agriculture, due to the little known dormancy aspects of its seeds that results in the propagation and dispersion to distinct areas and the establishment of the invasive plant. The knowledge on ecophysiological...

Author(s): Paulo Alexandre Fernandes Rodrigues de Melo,  Edna Ursulino Alves, Antônio Pereira dos Anjos Neto, Robson Luis Silva de Medeiros, Domingos da Costa Ferreira Júnior, Janaína Marques Mondego, Wallace de Sousa Leite and Amanda Kelly Dias Bezerra

September 2016

Artificial form factor equations for Tectona grandis in different spacings

The use of form factors is a practical alternative for estimating tree volume. However, only a few studies in this topic are relevant to Tectona grandis, and only few to those that evaluate the effect of spacing on it. The goal of this study was to generate form factor equations and evaluate spacing influence on it in teak plantations. Samples were taking in 3 × 2 m, 4 × 3 m, 5 × 2 m, and 6 × 2 m...

Author(s): Felipe Vieira da Cunha Neto Diogo Guido Streck Vendruscolo and Ronaldo Drescher

September 2016

Present status of the black rot disease of tea in Bangladesh

A survey was carried out in 2015 at Bangladesh Tea Research Institute (BTRI) to ascertain the impact of varieties, topography, age of plants and shade condition on the incidence and severity of Black rot disease in tea. Data were collected monthly from 300 tea bushes selected randomly for each attribute with three replications. Data were recorded on the incidence and severity of the diseases by observing the typical...

Author(s): M. S. Islam, I. Ahmad and M. Ahmed

September 2016

Comparison of means of agricultural experimentation data through different tests using the software Assistat

In the analysis of variance, the comparison of means is essential when the calculated F is significant at 0.05 or 0.01 probability level and there are more than two treatments, because the significant F only rejects the null hypothesis, according to which the treatments or samples do not differ statistically. This study was aimed at to evaluate the similarities and differences between the classifications of means of...

Author(s): Francisco de Assis Santos e Silva and Carlos Alberto Vieira de Azevedo