African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6559

Table of Content: 28 April, 2016; 11(17)

April 2016

Green manure in fruticulture: Aspects on soil quality and use in agriculture

The farming practices have a direct impact in ecosystems and cause changes in the basic structures involved in the environment. Cultivated soils, after years of use, show changes in the physical, chemical and biological attributes, requiring improve production processes, with the intention of management alternatives that minimize environmental degradation and, consequently increasing the sustainability of agricultural...

Author(s): Paulo Vicente Contador Zaccheo, Carmen Silvia Vieira Janeiro Neves, Daiane de Cinque Mariano, Thiago Ometto Zorzenoni, Leandro Riyuiti Higashibara, Gleberson Guillen Piccinin and Ricardo Shigueru Okumura

April 2016

Response of sugar cane to limitation hydric and nitrogen dose

The great social and economic importance of sugarcane makes it critical to understand the responses of the crop to adverse stress. This study was carried out to characterize the morpho-physiological index of sugarcane cultivated under different levels of water replacement with four replicates, corresponding to five levels of water replacement (100, 75, 50, 25 and 0% of soil humidity at field capacity) and either...

Author(s): Renato Campos de Oliveira, Fábia Barbosa da Silva, Marconi Batista Teixeira, Alan Carlos Costa, Frederico Antônio Loureiro Soares and Clarice Aparecida Megguer

April 2016

Production of sunflower under saline water irrigation and nitrogen fertilization

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the  production components of  sunflower Embrapa 122-V2000, as a function of irrigation water salinity and nitrogen doses. The experiment was conducted in plastic pots with a capacity of 100 L under greenhouse conditions in Federal University of Campina Grande, during the period of April-July 2012, in an experimental design adopting factorial arrangement of 5 x 5,...

Author(s): João Batista dos Santos, Cruz Ramón Marenco Centeno, Carlos Alberto Vieira de Azevedo, Hans Raj Gheyi, Geovani Soares de Lima, Lourival Ferreira Cavalcante and Manassés Mesquita da Silva

April 2016

Organic-matter effects on populations of dry rot of yam nematodes

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of organic-matter incorporated into the soil on population densities of the causal agents of the dry rot disease of yam, under field conditions. The experiment was performed in a natural infested area with a mixed population of Pratylenchus coffeae and Scutellonema bradys, in Quebrangulo county (Alagoas state, Brazil) in a randomized block design with five...

Author(s): Ana Caroline de Melo Morais, Maria de Fátima Silva Muniz, Rosangela da Silva Lima, Gilson Moura Filho and José Mauro da Cunha e Castro

April 2016

Fumigant and repellent activity of Rutaceae and Lamiaceae essential oils against Acanthoscelides obtectus Say

Acanthoscelides obtectus Say, a principal pest of kidney beans Phaseolus vulgaris L. in the Mediterranean area, is a multivoltine and oligophagous bruchid that damages not only host plant (kidney bean) but also other Leguminosae species. Essential oils of Rutaceae: Citrus reticulata L. and Citrus limonum L. and of Lamiaceae Mentha piperita L. and Lavandula angustifolia L. were evaluated by fumigation upon A. obtectus...

Author(s): Karima Khelfane-Goucem, Nadia Lardjane and Ferroudja Medjdoub-Bensaad

April 2016

Wood ash on the fertilization of marandu grass in Brazilian cerrado soils

Wood ash can be an alternative fertilizer and soil corrective measure, directly contributing to the production of pastures. The objective of this research was to evaluate the growth and production of marandu grass fertilized with wood ash and grown in two soil classes of the Brazilian Cerrado. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse during the period from December, 2012 to May, 2013. The experimental design was...

Author(s): Maria Débora Loiola Bezerra, Edna Maria Bonfim-Silva, Tonny José Araújo da Silva, Helon Hébano de Freitas Sousa, Thiago Franco Duarte, Ellen Souza do Espírito Santo and Adriano Bicioni Pacheco

April 2016

Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of Tacinga inamoena (K. Schum.) [NP Taylor & Stuppy] fruit during maturation

Tacinga inamoena (K. Schum.) [N. P. Taylor & Stuppy] is a native Cactaceae from the semiarid region of Northeastern Brazil whose fruit is eaten by the local population. It seems that there is a significant amount of functional compounds such as polyphenols and betalains in this fruit as reported for other well-known cacti. Although there are not enough studies that have been conducted, it has attracted interest...

Author(s): Renato Lima Dantas, Silvanda de Melo Silva, Ana Lima Dantas, George Henrique Camêlo Guimarães, Renato Pereira Lima, Ricardo de Sousa Nascimento, Mariany Cruz Alves da Silva, Rosana Sousa da Silva, Djail Santos and Rejane Maria Nunes Mendonça

April 2016

Nitrogen compounds, proteins and amino acids in corn subjected to doses of aluminum

Corn (Zea mays L.) is highly adaptable, but it has difficulties in expressing its productive potential in soils with high aluminum content, since this element is directly related to high acidity in the soil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the nitrogen compounds, proteins and amino acids of two corn cultivars subjected to increasing doses of aluminum. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse using one...

Author(s): Luma Castro de Souza, Deise Cristina Santos Nogueira, Liliane Corrêa Machado, Thays Correa Costa, Jéssica Taynara da Silva Martins, Cleverson Alan Pantoja Mendes, Najla Maria Castro Pires, Cândido Ferreira de Oliveira Neto, Susana Silva Conceição and Ana Ecídia de Araújo Brito

April 2016

Integrated management of termites damaging wooden structures

Field experiment was set up in November 2011 and continued up to March 2013 on 324 m2 backyard garden plot of a farmer‘s residential area. The experiment was laid in 6 m × 6 m Latin square design. The treatments were polyethelene bag covered wooden sticks, chlorpyrifos 48% E.C. treated and polyethelene bag covered wooden sticks, Masea lanceolata treated and polyethelene bag covered wooden sticks,...

Author(s): Mulatu Wakgari and Emana Getu

April 2016

Production and reproduction performance of local chicken breeds and their marketing practices in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia

A study was conducted in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia to assess production and reproduction performances of local chickens and their marketing practices. Three districts vize Damot-Gale, Boloso-Sore and Humbo representing, highland, midland and lowland agro-ecologies, respectively, were selected purposively. The data were collected from a total of 135 respondents, 45 from each agro-ecology, using pre-tested...

Author(s): Gebreegziabher Zereu and Tsegay Lijalem

April 2016

Energy demand of furrow openers and corn yield according to the soil disturbance in no till system

The performance of the planter is directly linked to the mechanisms of contact with the soil, more specifically to the furrow openers mechanism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the responses of the soil, machine, and the corn crop, according to furrow openers hoe type and working depths, in an eutroferric Red Latossol and no-tillage system. Soil disturbance, drawbar power and force, speed of operation and corn...

Author(s): Érica Tricai, Carlos Eduardo A. Furlani, Rafael S. Bertonha, Vicente Filho A. Silva, Ariel M. Compagnon and Marcelo T. Cassia

April 2016

Phytosociological and floristic survey of weeds in Western Paraná

Weeds can reduce yield, which justify the need for their efficient management. The stage that precedes the management consists of identifying the species present in the area, and then making the decision of the best method of control. Thus, this study aimed to perform a phytosociological survey, and to analyze the composition and floristic similarity of weeds between the end of the corn crop cycle and in the off-season...

Author(s): Fábio Henrique Krenchinski, Leandro Paiola Albrecht, Vinicius Gabriel Caneppele Pereira, Alfredo Junior Paiola Albrecht, Victor José Salomão Cesco, Danilo Morilha Rodrigues and Felipe Bauer

April 2016

In vitro seed germination and seedling development of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal

An efficient and improved protocol for in vitro seed germination and seedling development technique of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal have been developed. Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 3.0 mg l-1 gibberellic acid (GA3) and 3.0 mg l-1 Kinetin (Kn) was found effective for maximum germination percentage (92.67), germination rate (1.83), germination value (56.07) and seedling vigour index (875.73). Whereas...

Author(s): Sachin Sharma, Subhendu S. Gantait and Rocky Thokchom

April 2016

Characterization and evaluation of twenty rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes under irrigated ecosystems in Malawi and Mozambique

Field experiments were carried out in Mozambique (Muirrua Rice Research Station) and Malawi (Lifuwo Rice Research Station), during 2010 and 2011 growing season to evaluate twenty rice (Oryza sativa L.), genotypes under irrigated ecosystem following randomised complete block design (RCBD) with three (3) replications and 20 treatments. Data on number of days to flowering, number of tillers, number of days to maturity,...

Author(s): Abade H., Bokosi J. M., Mwangwela A. M., Mzengeza T. R. and Abdala A. J.

April 2016

Standard methods for inoculations of F. oxysporum and F. solani in Passiflora

Soil fungi, Fusarium oxysporum FO and F. solani FS (teleomorph: Nectria hematococca), are pathogens of economic importance passion fruit crops. The present work was developed in order to standardize the methodology of inoculation, as an initial step to confirm the etiology of diseases associated with Fusarium wilt and collar rot. Strains of FO for A14, A16, A22, A27, A29, A32, A34, A48, A54, A64 and FS A11, A23, A62,...

Author(s): Emiro Ortiz and Lilliana Hoyos-Carvajal

April 2016

Productive, morphological and qualitative characteristics of sugarcane in the understory tree species in agroforestry systems

This study aimed to evaluate productive, morphological and qualitative characteristics of sugarcane in the understory tree species in two agroforestry systems. The study was conducted in the city of Frederico Westphalen, RS, in a randomized complete block design, characterized by a factorial arrangement of 2x5x3, that is, two agroforestry systems (strip and line), five tree species (angico, bracatinga,...

Author(s): Elvis Felipe Elli, Braulio Otomar Caron, Elder Eloy, Alexandre Behling, Velci Queiróz de Souza and Felipe Schwerz