African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12306

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of acute toxicity and the effect of single injected doses of zerumbone on the kidney and liver functions in Sprague Dawley rats

Mohamed Yousif Ibrahim1, Ahmad Bustamam Hj Abdul1,2*, Tengku Azmi Tengku Ibrahim3,4, Siddig Ibrahim Abdelwahab1, Manal Mohamed Elhassan1and M. M. Syam1
1UPM-MAKNA Cancer Research Laboratory, Institute of Bioscience (IBS), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, 43400, Selangor, Malaysia. 2Department of Bio-Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, 43400, Selangor, Malaysia. 3Microscopy Unit, Institute of Bioscience (IBS), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, 43400, Selangor, Malaysia. 4Department Of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, 43400, Selangor, Malaysia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 29 April 2010
  •  Published: 31 July 2010

Abstract

Zerumbone is a natural monosesquiterpene isolated from the rhizomes of Zingiberzerumbet Smith. This bioactive compound has been previously shown to have chemo-preventive, anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging activities. This study was designed to determine the median lethal dose (LD50) of zerumbone and the effect of three different single doses of zerumbone below the LD50 on blood biochemistry, hepatic and renal histopathologies and lipid peroxidation in rats. In the LD50 experiment, eight groups of animals (n = 5) were injected with various doses of zerumbone (100 - 3000 mg/kg, i.p). The animals were observed continuously for clinical change and mortality. Next, zerumbone was injected in single doses (100, 200 and 500 mg/kg) and sacrificed 24 h later. Probit analysis of this study showed that the LD50 of this compound is 1.84 gm/Kg. Results from this study further suggested that single injected doses of zerumbone at 100 - 200 mg/kg had no ill effect towards the liver and renal tissues of female Sprague Dawley rats. To our knowledge, this paper is the first to report the toxicity effects of zerumbone in rodents.

 

Key words: Zerumbone, hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity.