African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12193

Full Length Research Paper

Activity of Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae) against Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

M. A. Ramos-López1*, S. Perez-G1, C. Rodríguez-Hernández2, P. Guevara-Fefer3 and Miguel A. Zavala-Sánchez1  
1Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco. Calzada del Hueso 1100, Col. Villa Quietud, México, D.F., CP. 04960. 2Colegio de Postgraduados en Ciencias Agrícolas, Campus Montecillos Km 36.5 Carretera México-Texcoco, Texcoco, Edo. Mex, CP 56230. 3Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Universidad 3000, Circuito Exterior s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, México, D. F., CP 04510.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 19 January 2010
  •  Published: 01 March 2010

Abstract

One of the most studied plant species with insecticidal properties is the castor beanRicinus communis. However, its activity against Spodoptera frugiperda is unclear. Therefore, to determinate the insecticidal and insectistatic activities of methanol, hexane and ethyl acetate extracts of the seeds and leaves of R. communis, castor oil and ricinine were tested at different concentrations against S. frugiperda. This study demonstrated for the first time, that the castor oil and ricinine are active ingredients of R. communis that acts against S. frugiperda and that each of the seed extracts exhibited better insecticidal and insectistatic activity than the leaf extracts. The half maximum larvae viability concentration (LVC50) were 0.38 × 103mg ml-1 for the ricinine, 0.75 × 103 mg ml-1 for a methanol extract of seeds, 1.97 × 103 mg ml-1 for an ethyl acetate seed extract, 2.69×103 mg ml-1 for the castor oil, 4.83 × 103 mg ml-1 for a methanol extract of leaves, 5.07 × 103 mg ml-1 for an ethyl acetate extract of leaves, 9.95 × 103 mg ml-1 for a hexane extract of seeds and 10.01 × 103 mg ml-1 for a hexane extract of leaves.

 

Key words: Ricinus communis, Spodoptera frugiperda, insecticidal, insectistatic, castor oil, ricinine.