African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12318

Full Length Research Paper

Selection for and biochemical characterization of DDT resistance in laboratory strains of Anopheles arabiensis

Yayo A. M.
  • Yayo A. M.
  • Centre for Infectious Diseases Research, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
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Ado A.
  • Ado A.
  • Centre for Infectious Diseases Research, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
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Safiyanu M.
  • Safiyanu M.
  • Department of Biochemistry, Yusuf Maitama Sule University, Kano, Nigeria.
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Hemingway J.
  • Hemingway J.
  • Vector Biology Research Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, England, United Kingdom.
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  •  Received: 01 March 2020
  •  Accepted: 18 May 2020
  •  Published: 30 June 2020


Resistance to conventional insecticides still constitutes a major obstacle to control of malaria vectors. Xenobiotic pollutants encountered by aquatic stages of natural populations of malarial vector species in agricultural and domestic environment are often selected due to resistance to various insecticides. The Laboratory Matatuine (MAT) and Kayamba (KGB) strains of Anopheles arabiensis were subjected to controlled dosages of DDT for over twenty generations. WHO insecticide susceptibility protocols was used to monitor changes in mortality between generations. The selected lines of both strains developed resistance to DDT and cross resistance to permethrin. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) detection of knock-down resistance (kdr) gene and sequencing revealed absence of L1014F mutations. Biochemical analysis of detoxification enzymes showed significant Glutathione S transferase (GST) activity in the selected lines [MAT: 0.236 (P>0.001) and KGB: 0.221 (P>0.014)], thus suggesting the presence of GST-based resistance mechanism.


Key words: Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT), Anopheles arabiensis.