African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12218

Full Length Research Paper

Comparative biosorption of Pb2+ ions from aqueous solution using Moringa oleifera plant parts: Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamic studies

Stephen Nyoni
  • Stephen Nyoni
  • Department of Chemistry, Chinhoyi Unversity of Technonolgy, P. Bag 7724, Chinhoyi, Zimbawe.
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Edmore Satiya
  • Edmore Satiya
  • Department of Chemistry, Bindura University of Science education, P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe.
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Netai Mukaratirwa-Muchanyereyi
  • Netai Mukaratirwa-Muchanyereyi
  • Department of Chemistry, Bindura University of Science education, P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe.
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Munyaradzi Shumba
  • Munyaradzi Shumba
  • Department of Chemical Technology, Midlands State University, P. Bag 9055, Senga, Gweru, Zimbabwe.
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  •  Received: 13 May 2017
  •  Accepted: 30 October 2017
  •  Published: 29 November 2017

Abstract

This research article presents a comparative study of the adsorption properties of Moringa oleifera biomass using Pb2+ ions as test analyte. The investigated parameters which affected the adsorption process were the effect of pH, initial concentration, adsorbent dose, contact time, and temperature. The comparison of adsorption process was evaluated in the pH range of 3 to 8, concentration range from 5 to 20 ppm, temperature varied from 25 to 80°C, variation of contact time from 15 to 80 min, and dose of the adsorbent from 0.3 to 1.2 g. The results obtained showed that a high adsorbent dose is required for high adsorption capacity. The pH of 7 was most effective with temperature set at 25°C and contact time of 60 min. The Temkin, Dubunin-Radushkevich, Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were applied and fitted well to the data and values of the parameters of these isotherm equations were calculated. The Langmuir isotherm proved to be the overall best isotherm. The adsorbent surface functional groups were identified with Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The maximum adsorption capacity obtained was 98% for seed, 96% for blended, 94% for pods, and 92% for leaves. Better thermodynamic and kinetic properties were obtained with the seeds and the blended samples. In total, these results indicate that the blended moringa biosobent can be employed as a low-cost biosorbent for the removal of lead ions from water.

Key words: Biosorption, Moringa oleifera biomass, adsorption isotherms, lead ions.