Trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase (TPP) is one of the primary enzymes involved in the synthesis of trehalose, the main sugar found in insect hemolymph. In the present study, we report for the first time heterologous expression in Pichia pastoris, characterization and homology modeling of TPP from Anopheles gambiae mosquito. Purified TPP recombinant exhibited a molecular weight of approximately 36 kDa with optimum pH of 8.0, optimum temperature of 38°C, and the KM was 3.19 ± 0.10 mM. Inhibition tests revealed that CaCl2 and Ca(NO3)2 at 5 and 25 mM, respectively, were effective inhibitors of TPP activity. Homology studies and molecular modeling indicated high similarity of the TPP tridimensional structure with TPP enzymes deposited at a data bank and these homology studies confirmed that it is a trehalose phosphatase with conserved motifs of the superfamily haloacid dehydrogenase. These results may provide support for the discovering of TPP inhibitors to be used for development of insecticides to control mosquito vectors.
Key words: Trehalose, trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase, expression, enzyme characterization, homology modeling.
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